I think it is wrong to say that Islam was always the religion of choice for Ambedkar. That the center of religion is a man, the base is morality, the aim is the secular welfare of mankind, and the means is the righteous conduct embedded in social responsibility that all human beings owe towards their fellow-beings living in human society. You give us the means to help some of the most oppressed people on earth. Through an anthropological study of “primitive” religions, Ambedkar argued that early forms of religion did not have a concept of God or even of morality. It is true that in Buddhism there is no God. Is Religion necessary and what is the philosophy of religion for Babasaheb Ambedkar? The changing of disposition required not law but religion. Buddhist texts were simply meditations on the human condition, no more and no less – centred around the philosophical concepts of shunyata (emptiness), dukkha (suffering, both social and personal), impermanence of the world, “dependent origination” (ie the interconnected and inessential nature of all things) and ahimsa or non-violence. [The law] is intended to keep the minority within the range of social discipline. Dr. Ambedkar's role as a prominent constitution maker of India is quite well known. Ambedkar’s Religion Anupama Rao (Barnard History). But Marxism parts ways with Buddhism, because having wished away religion as the “opium of the people”, it inevitably turns to the State as the primary instrument of social change (as did, in his times, both Soviet socialism and Nehruvian socialism). “Revolution is the mother of philosophy,” Ambedkar said. Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism came in view of a total rejection of the bias against lower castes in Hinduism. Fraternity was a community of understanding and compassion (karuna in Buddhist terms), which could only be ensured by good faith and silata towards others, ie by a religious disposition and not by mere disciplined or rule-governed behaviour, nor by pure political rationality. The invention of god was followed by a second major revolution. He must act according to the Vedas. All I can say is, that I learnt a lot from this essay. The Ambedkarite Today – Voice Of Voiceless, Dr. Ambedkar, A Brave Fighter – Lord Mountbatten, My mother gave me Birth, but you gave me Right to live in this world. ambedkar: cultural politics and religion Albert Pinto ko Gussa kyun ata hai: What changed In India between the original(1980) and the remake(2019) PARASITE, NOT JOKER IS THE CRITICISM OF CAPITALISM THE WORLD NEEDS “Dr Ambedkar is a challenge to Hinduism,” began Gandhi, and then tried to counter Ambedkar’s arguments on the need for forgoing caste and forgetting varna. The greatest testament to this fact is that on 2 December 1956, just four days before he died, Ambedkar wrote up “Buddha or Marx”! Ambedkar’s views on anything are always a treat to read. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Religion. According to him for eradication of caste, it is necessary to break the religious notion on which caste system is laid down. These forces were neither good nor evil. And two, because “progressives” have always neglected religion – liberals by insisting that religion is or should be a matter of private faith and Marxists by insisting that religion is false consciousness of people who do not recognize their own true economic interest. On the other hand, Gandhi was in favour of Ram Rajya – an authoritarian system of governance which has proven anti-people, writes Alakh Niranjan, डॉ. If the Vedas do not support the actions, instructions must be sought from the Smritis, and if the Smritis fail to provide any such instructions, he must fofllow in the footsteps of the great men.He is not supposed to reason. He openly stated that a nationalism that excluded and persecuted a large section of the nation’s people – namely, the Untouchables – was hardly nationalism worth its name. This was not to reject religion but to actually arrive at a more just and righteous religion. The cause assigned for this torpor… is said to be the fundamental assumption made by all Muslims that Islam is a world religion, suitable for all people, for all times and all conditions.” Dr. Ambedkar quotes an unnamed source saying: “It is indeed one of the salient features of Islam that it immobilizes in their native barbarism the races whom it enslaves. Muslims around the world are bound to each other with a bond called “Ummah” based on their religious ties. There is a transition in thinking of Ambedkar as far as religion is concerned. Hence, so long as you are in the Hindu religion, you cannot expect to have freedom of thought”― B.R. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Why the RSS can’t and won’t support protesting farmers, Manoranjan Byapari: ‘We won’t make any gods in Bangla Dalit literature’, Dr Palpu – who countered plague and caste alike, Amid the din of farmers’ demands, try and listen to the voices of the Dalitbahujan farmhands, ‘This struggle is not for ourselves but for the future generations’. These became overwhelmed by their welcome, and in the end – against original intentions – in fact, converted to Sikhism. For those who are outside the corporation, there is nothing but contempt and enmity. Modernity, we know, emerged in Europe by pitting Reason against Religion and State against Church. One of Ambedkar’s statements about Buddhism was that all humans have worth and dignity under the Buddha’s teachings. For him, the religious subject and the subject of religion is not god, not soul, but the ordinary, mortal, finite … आंबेडकर बौद्ध दर्शन का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं तो गांधी वैदिक दर्शन का। अलख निरंजन का विश्लेषण, Narayana Guru’s messages of liberation through education and empowerment through organization clearly echo Ambedkar’s slogan ‘educate, agitate and organize’. It … Founder / Co Founder: Buddhist Society of India, Independent Labour Party, Scheduled Castes Federation, Samata Sainik Dal. In his text Philosophy of Hinduism, Ambedkar said that religion was constitutive of the human condition because it dealt with elemental questions of life such as of birth and death, nourishment and disease. It is imbedded in religion. Ambedkar rejected Islam, Sikhism and Christianity and preferred Buddhism because of two reasons. Ambedkar on Religion Monday, February 7, 2011 I came across what I think is an excellent opinion on religion. Dr. Ambedkar clearly states that he despised the Hindu religion because of its belief in caste. Buddhism isn’t traditionalist- … In this video, there is a discussion on evaluation of religion by Dr Ambedkar on the basis of his principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. It is true that he named “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” – the unmistakably political slogan of the French Revolution – as ideals of his religion. According to them, the constitution is for managing a state and not a national constitution. This brings us to the fourth important aspect of Ambedkar’s rethinking of religion – namely, his take on the relationship between religion and morality. It is urgent that we return to Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar’s thoughts on religion today. It is over their ideals. He helps us in our immediate fight against a resurgent Hindutva that targets Dalits, Muslims and dissenters in general. आंबेडकर के हवाले से नागेश चौधरी जातियों में बंटे देश के राष्ट्र होने की बाधाओं को बता रहे है। श्रेणीबद्ध जातियाँ सबसे बड़ी समस्या हैं, इसीलिए उनके उन्मूलन के बिना राष्ट्र का निर्माण संभव नहीं है. This then is the last important aspect of Ambedkar’s rethinking of religion that I want to emphasize – namely, that Ambedkar posits religion as a force that operates at the limits of state and law. "If I find the constitution being misused, I shall be the first to burn it" Powerful Quotes From Sardar … But there is a side to Ambedkar that is not known, spoken, or written, out of fear by those who have appropriated him. But to be moral, Ambedkar further argued, was not simply to follow the right rules. Islam is a close corporation and the distinction that it makes between Muslims and non-Muslims is a very real, very positive and very alienating distinction. On the contrary, I agree with Burke when he says that, “True religion is the foundation of society, the basis on which all true Civil Government rests, and both their sanction.” Consequently, when I urge that these ancient rules of life be annulled, I am anxious that its place shall be taken by a Religion of Principles, which alone can lay claim to being a true Religion.”. Morality did exist in society in the form of norms of human interaction, but that was a domain separate from that of religion. Nor did Buddha claim any miraculous powers or special insights into extra-worldly questions (such as what happens after life, what is the nature of the self and so on). Ambedkar’s morality clearly called for a certain sanctity, which was beyond merely the sanctity of reason. Through an anthropological study of “primitive” religions, Ambedkar argued that early forms of religion did not have a concept of God or even of morality. So far I know, the religion which satisfies all these tests is Buddhism. That the test of justice and utility must be applied to judge the relevance of a religion, and that consists in the trinity. Ambedkar, in his historic speech in Nagpur on October 15, 1956, a day after he had embraced Buddhism, said, “The movement to leave the Hindu religion was taken in hand by us in 1955, when a resolution was made in Yeola. The majority is left and has to be left to sustain its social life by the postulates and sanction of morality. In this essay, he shows how Buddhism and Marxism share some basics – including the understanding that private property is the source of all inequalities (hence the Buddhist conception of the bhikshu and the Marxist conception of the proletariat, referring to those who have nothing to lose and therefore those who potentially are the real force of change). On the other hand, Verna and Ashrama are instit… In other words, Ambedkar’s rethinking of religion cannot be understood within liberalism’s framework of secularism and religious tolerance. There are other defects in Hinduism and in Islam which are responsible for keeping the score between Hindus and Muslims open and running. Courtesy – This article was published by The Logical Indian, © The Ambedkarite Today - All rights reserved. The religion of Buddha is morality. This, as we know, was crucial for the history of our democracy in post-1947 India. Dr. Ambedkar was a religious person in some ways. First, Ambedkar combined fearless and trenchant criticism of religion with a deep sympathy and understanding of it. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. To quote him again: Ambedkar speaks at Deekshabhoomi in Nagpur after his conversion. Ambedkar addresses the crowd at Deekshabhoomi in Nagpur on 15 October 1956, the day after his conversion. Ambedkar’s morality clearly called for a certain sanctity, which was beyond merely the sanctity of reason. Read more about our mission. My quarrel with Hindus and Hinduism is not over the imperfections of their social conduct. a religion without the mediation of gods and prophets and without grounding in any notion of an eternal inner being such as soul or atman. This was because, as Ambedkar said in his 1950 essay Buddha and the Future of his Religion, “the new world needs a religion far more than the old world did”. With these social laws, there can be no social assimilation and consequently no socialisation of ways, modes and outlooks, no blunting of the edges and no modulation of age-old angularities. I started temple entry Satyagraha only because I felt that was the best way of energising the Depressed Classes and making them conscious of their position. Dr Ambedkar also attended various meetings with people of different faiths and denomination analysing the pros and cons of conversion and its implications for the country’s Dalit population. One instance that substantiates this is his support for a uniform civil code. The rule may be right but the act is mechanical. But in politics, Bhakti or hero-worship is … But to say that religion is part of human ontology does not at all mean that religion is basically the same in all places and at all times. Ambedkar did not agree with those who believe that religion arose in magic. Here, I can only foreground a few important aspects of it and invite the readers to elaborate on them further. 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