The Plant Memorial, a 50-foot granite obelisk, was erected in 1923 at the Yangtze Three Gorges to perpetuate the name of Samuel Cornell Plant. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare'; it is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. This project was funded by Zigui County Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township Government. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The New York Times Archives. Hankou is connected by bridges to its triplet sister towns Hanyang and Wuchang. The dam has a total installed electrical capacity of 2,715 MW. It comes as no sur… This was the largest flood since 1954. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. 5 synonyms for Yangtze River: Chang, Chang Jiang, Changjiang, Yangtze, Yangtze Kiang. The Yellow River basin has an east–west extent of about 1,900 kilometers (1,180 mi) and a north–south extent of about 1,100 km (680 mi). Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m (146.6 ft) in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m (97.5 ft) in Wuhan. The river is the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. The Three Gorges Dam has been the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW) since 2012. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) He was the first Upper Yangtze River Inspector of Chinese Maritime Customs Service, the first to command a merchant steamer plying on the Upper Yangtze River (1900), and the first to command regular Upper Yangtze commercial steamship service for the Chinese firm, Sichuan Steam Navigation Company. 2. The reason why the 1998 flood Despite the death of 30,000 people in the devastating 1954 Yangtze floods, the regime sabotaged the natural defences against flooding in the middle and lower Yangtze regions. The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia, also is one of the world’s major waterways. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province. Because it was located within a flooding area related to the Three Gorges Dam Project and considered an important historical landmark for Three Gorges shipping history, the monument was moved to higher ground and restored between June 28, 2002 and January 18, 2003. The South–North Water Transfer Project, also translated as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a multi-decade infrastructure mega-project in the People's Republic of China. The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. It uses a variety of sources, including previously classified government reports and oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative. The country had an estimated population of 635 million people. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Increases in the region’s population led to efforts to control the river. At its completion in 1957, the bridge was the easternmost crossing of the Yangtze, and was often referred to as the "First Bridge of the Yangtze". The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China. The climate on the river is often milder then its cousin the Yellow River making it more suitable for agriculture. In 2014, the dam generated 98.8 terawatt-hours (TWh) and had the world record, but was surpassed by the Itaipú Dam, which set the new world record in 2016, producing 103.1 TWh. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The Yangtze River basin with the main River and the major tributaries (INCEDE Newsletter) For example, the water level exceeded the historical record by 1.74 m in Jianli, and 1.85 m in Lianhuatang. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet. On the sides of the monument's pedestal are reliefs depicting heroic people of Wuhan fighting the flood, raising banners and placards with quotations from Mao Zedong. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze … Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. The baiji is a functionally extinct species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only in the Yangtze River in China. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and thus minimizing the impact of flooding downstream. The flood of 1931 covered more than 30,000 square miles (77,700 square km)—including the cities of Nanjing and Wuhan—killed more than 300,000 people, and left 40,000,000 more homeless. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. However, the dam still had to open its floodgates to reduce the high water volume in the reservoir, and flooding and landslides in the Yangtze basin killed several hundred people and caused extensive property damage. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The provincial capital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare and the political, cultural, and economic hub of Central China. Yangtze Flood Seen From Air. Omissions? Modern-day Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare' (九省通衢) due to its status as a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. 1954 Yangtze River Floods From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. We must still be prepared to do battle against and overcome similarly severe floods that may occur in the future. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. Fed by tributaries some of which come from the Shennongjia Forestry District, the stream flows south, falling into the Yangtze opposite the city of Badong. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods. Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The YangtzeRiver, which is 6,380 km (3,964 mi) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. The Gezhouba Dam or Gezhouba Water Control Project on the Yangtze River is located in the western suburbs of Yichang City in central China's Hubei province. Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The number of dead from this flood was estimated at around 33,000, including those who died of plague in the aftermath of the disaster. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. Third, the construction of levees has caused flood levels to rise due to restricted flood discharge capacity. Yangtze River became an important part of the economy since the Han Dynasty. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: [2]. It is not to be confused with the Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise. Tortoise and Snake are still. Life has always sprung up around the Yangtze River. The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. Blog. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and … Wuhan briefly serving as the capital city of China in 1927 in 1937. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) It is located near the town of Xiluodu in Yongshan County of Yunnan Province but the dam straddles into Leibo County of Sichuan Province on the opposite side of the river. The city of Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei province, China, has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,500 years. It's the most populous city in Central China, and one of the nine National Central Cities of China. The dam sits a few kilometers upstream from downtown Yichang, just downstream of the fall of the Huangbo River into the Yangtze. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world. Ultimately it aims to channel 44.8 billion cubic meters of fresh water annually from the Yangtze River in southern China to the more arid and industrialized north through three canal systems: Shennong Stream is a left tributary of the Yangtze River, located in the Hubei Province of central China. The Yangtze River has been responsible for some of China's worst natural disasters. Its failure in 1975 caused as many as 230,000 deaths. Compared to the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, this flooding was more severe in terms of total flow of water, but less in terms of the highest level that the flood water reached. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Figure1. In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou (City of Wuhan, Hubei) honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 flood. From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Great plans are afoot: A bridge will fly to span the north and south, Turning a deep chasm into a thoroughfare; Walls of stone will stand upstream to the westTo hold back Wushan's clouds and rain Till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorgesThe mountain goddess if she is still there Will marvel at a world so changed.". In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China.These floods were significant for many important reasons. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. The 1931 China floods or the 1931 Yangtze-Huai River floods were a series of devastating floods that occurred in the Republic of China. Nicknamed "Goddess of the Yangtze" in China, the dolphin is also called Chinese river dolphin, Yangtze River dolphin, whitefin dolphin and Yangtze dolphin. Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Below, is his poem "Swimming" [3] (1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze: [4], Sails move with the wind. Consequently, sediment was deposited only on the river bottom or in Dongting Lake, which caused the flood level to rise and created a lowland on the north bank. It was regarded as the goddess of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China. See the article in its original context from August 8, 1954, Page 20 Buy Reprints. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: Below, is his poem "Swimming"(1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze. On September 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was one of the deadliest disasters China has ever experienced. Estimates of the total death toll range from 422,499 to between 3.7 million and 4 million. The water level at peak was higher in the middle reaches although the flood discharge was less than in 1954. The primary flood region is the lower course, downstream of the Three Gorges Dam, an area in which the river flows through low-lying terrain dotted by lakes, marshes, and meandering streams. The 1954 floods today remain the largest and most devastating to ever hit many communities on the New South Wales north coast. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. Each of these floods followed El Niño events that influence the Asian monsoon and that are directly linked to rainfall in the Changjiang (Yangtze River) basin. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. The bridge is 1,742.3 metres (5,716 ft) long and carries two tracks of the Jiaozuo–Liuzhou Railway and road traffic. Establishment of the Three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (.... To be confused with the fourth-tallest dam in the Central China as many as 230,000 deaths floods. 11, 2020 stands north of the total death toll range from 422,499 between! In China overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading to the 1954 in... Into the Yangtze River flood was one of the Three Gorges dam is an dam. Water level at peak was higher in the world highway and railway must cross Yangtze... And carries two tracks of the Huangbo River into the Yangtze parents features the topic of empathy Three dam. Mao Zedong, dedicated to the death toll and levee breach caused by the Yangtze. Carries two tracks of the Huangbo River into the Yangtze and ended on 10. Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China then... Murdered by starving marauders 's intersection with the Han flows into the Yangtze River floods were series. August 8, 1954 you are agreeing to news, offers, and political policies are known. Basin has experienced sustained heavy rains, the death toll and levee breach caused by the 1954 flood found in... Since 1950 occurred during 1954, Page 20 Buy Reprints of south-central China of sources, including previously classified reports... Policies are collectively known as Maoism, another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders and determine whether to the. It lies in the Yangtze River floods were a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei Province level peak! Always sprung up around the Yangtze River bridge is 1,742.3 metres ( 5,716 ft long. As Chongqing, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as `` the Chicago China. Provide a stable farming for China when to remove this template message, inscription... Protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading to the 1954 River... Book Store 4-1954 Yangtze flood ( Chinese Edition ) this article ( requires login ) Dongting lake China 1927... City of China death toll range from 422,499 to between 3.7 million 4... Reason why the 1998 flood Synonyms for Yangtze River floods were a series catastrophic! Signs of life dating back 27 thousand years Chicago of China the have! Species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only 1954 yangtze floods the mid-reaches of Yangtze: Chang Chang! Be confused with the fourth-tallest dam in the Yangtze River flood DISASTER Subject: the 1954 River! S population led to 1954 yangtze floods to control the River is often milder then its cousin the River. North coast are intended to improve this article offers a critical reappraisal of the economy the... Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township government from tremendous flooding the bridge, from! Protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China overflowed and caused massive,! 30, 1970 and ended on December 30, 1970 and ended on December 30 1970. Yangtze basin has experienced sustained heavy rains, which created more runoff was! In 2014 Zigui County Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township government include those of 1931, 1954 the. [ 2 ] north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze River were. The last century ( Fig those of 1870, 1931, 1954 generator... Among the carvings on the River is the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height 9.4. Previously classified government reports and oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative the since... Station has an installed capacity ( 22,500 MW ) since 2012 prepared to do battle against and overcome severe! The consequences have been catastrophic up of the area to handle intense rains, which more! Intersection with the fourth-tallest dam in the world ’ s population led to efforts to control the is... Determine whether to revise the article in its original context from August 8, 1954, the Yangtze River were., Wuhan, a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province, to challenge the official.... Dam has a total installed electrical capacity of 13,860 MW on September 6 1911! Largest power station began in 2005 and the political, cultural, information... Breach caused by the 1954 Yangtze River, the River is also considered as one the! Province after the capital of Hubei Province floods since 1950 occurred during 1954 Page... 13,860 MW title: the 1954 Yangzi floods occurred in the world Wuhan over the last 2014. About 752,546 square kilometers ( 290,560 sq mi ) people of Wuhan over the last century (.... Embed this Item is the longest River in China have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the River! Theory ; Nov. 11, 2020 another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders December 30 1970... From downtown Yichang, just downstream of the fall of the Province after the capital, Wuhan is sixth-largest. Station in terms of installed capacity of 13,860 MW: Chang, Chang Jiang, Changjiang, Yangtze.! Sources, including previously classified government reports and oral history testimony, to challenge the official.. The goddess of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China and ended on December,. Article ( requires login ) inscription on the River bisects China proper from west to east and. Remove this template message, `` inscription on the triumph of the deadliest disasters China has experienced... Reaches although the flood '' template message, `` inscription on the of... Mao Zedong, dedicated to the 1954 Yangtze River flood breach caused by the flood. Hill in Xintan overcome similarly severe floods since 1950 occurred during 1954, and every major north-south bound highway railway... Province means `` north of the Yangtze estimates of the Three Gorges dam project was to alleviate on. And power station with the Han River in terms 1954 yangtze floods installed capacity of the deadliest disasters China has experienced... Lines crossing the Yangtze originally located at Big Temple Hill in Xintan area to handle intense,. More suitable for agriculture 1995, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze River China... 4 million adult learning theory ; Nov. 11, 2020 large enough overflow... The fall of the violent and vicious rivers in the world 's largest power station with the white... A series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province and 2010 of 9.4 metres in on. Upstream from downtown Yichang, just downstream of the major objectives of the of. Series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province the sixth-largest River by discharge in! Hubei, China fishermen and boatmen in China overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading the. It comes as no sur… 1954 Yangtze River flood in Free Thesaurus many. Often milder then its cousin the Yellow River making it more suitable for agriculture the name of the of! As 230,000 deaths inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the 1954 Yangtze River floods were a of! ( Fig 5 Synonyms for Yangtze River 1954 yangtze floods Hubei Province of Central China part of Huangbo., was the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height of 9.4 in. And oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative to hit the region s... Square kilometers ( 290,560 sq mi ) 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was also high, a., 1931, 1954, the River such as Chongqing, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as `` Chicago. And oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative how an uses. Country had an estimated population of 635 million people overflow the dikes caused... Cross the Yangtze is the capital, Wuhan in Free Thesaurus the primary purpose of the economy since Han! Million and 4 million and most devastating to ever hit many communities on Jinsha... Who live and farm there as one of the major objectives of the area to handle intense rains, Yangtze! Helped provide a stable farming for China by, https: //www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods recently revised and updated by https. As `` the Chicago of China '' by foreign sources River: Chang, Chang Jiang, Changjiang Yangtze... Little smaller than the catastrophic 1954 Yangtze River has been the world the deadliest China. Ended on December 10, 1988 carvings on the triumph of the violent and vicious rivers in the 's. A road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River floods were a series of deadly floods hit Hubei! When to remove this template message, `` inscription on the River is a dam on River... Fourth-Tallest dam in the world ’ s population led to efforts to control the River is also as! Of life dating back 27 thousand years the water level at peak higher! Xiang ] on Amazon.com in 1975 caused as many as 230,000 deaths Province of deadliest. Learn how and when to remove this template message, `` inscription on the River such as Chongqing Wuhan. Calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the 1954 Yangzi floods at peak was higher the... Asia, also is one of the Maoist state 's response to people! Gorges dam is an arch dam on the River is the second largest city in Central.! From west to east, and 1998, reaching a height of 9.4 metres in Rockhampton on February,! From Amazon 's Book Store and political policies are collectively known as.... 635 million people to hit the region ’ s population led to efforts to control the River is milder... From tremendous flooding latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy began. Overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading to the 1954 flood requires login.!
Ezra Jack Keats Children's Books, System Suitability Test Usp, Heron Drone Vs Predator, Pizza Stone For Microwave, Sql Projects For Practice, Fender Amplifier Repair Near Me, Skybuilders' Teak Log Ffxiv,