[3] Two other constitutions appeared during the Communist era, in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won"[3] and notably making the change from a people's republic to a socialist republic). 1965 Constitution of Romania is available in 4 other languages. ", "Ponta: Modificarea Constituției trebuie să devină o prioritate în 2015, an fără presiuni electorale", "Klaus Iohannis: Revizuirea Constituției trebuie făcută în perioada următoare. Appointment of Off1cer AdP!inistering the Government and first Acting Officer Administering the Government. It was partly abrogated … Constitution, 1965. The Constitution was adopted in the Constituent Assembly Session of 21 November 1991 and it has entered into force pursuant to its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991.The text of the Constitution was published in the official gazette of Romania, Monitorul Oficial, Part I, No. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. National sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people which shall exercise it through its … Also, it was analyzed the Constitution of Socialist Republic of Romania from 1965 (the document that formed the legal basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu) and finally I focused on the end of the relative democratization period and the consolidation of Ceausescu’s personality cult. Sunt și texte care au permis interpretări forțate", "Vicepreședintele comisiei pentru revizuirea Constituției Valeria Schelean(PNL) cere convocarea rapidă a lucrărilor comisiei", The Constitution of Romania, official untranslated version, The Constitution of Romania, official English translation, The Constitution of Romania, official French translation, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in English, The Constitution of Romania, 1991 version in French, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_Romania&oldid=978795614, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Title II - Fundamental rights, liberties, and duties, Title IV - The economy and public finance, Title VIII - Final and transitional provisions, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 00:17. Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1952 (.pdf) (ro) Download The Constitution of the Romanian People’s Republic – 1948 (.pdf) (ro.) This is the official translation. Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania. Territory. Stema Republicii Socialiste România (21 august 1965 – 22 decembrie 1989) foto si articol preluate de pe ro.wikipedia.org . 89.70% voted yes and 8.81%, no. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. Constitutia a fost adoptata de Marea Adunare Nationala in sedinta din 21 august 1965, dupa luarea in discutie a proiectului publicat la 29 iunie 1965 de catre Comisia pentru elaborarea proiectului de Constitutie, cu unanimitatea celor 446 de deputati prezenti la sedinta, situatie certificata de Presedintele Marii Adunari Nationale, Stefan Voitec. 126(3) (“The High Court of Cassation and Justice shall provide a unitary interpretation and application of the law by the other courts of law, according to its competence.”). During his term in office, the President must not be a member of any political party Additional Physical Format: Online version: Romania. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. Return to 1965 Constitution of Romania. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. Proiectul de Constituţie de la 1848 al lui Mihail Koğlniceanu [Constitutionalism and Constitutional Transplant in Modern Romania. Calea Victoriei în perioada interbelică. (237,500 sq. 2. It is the fundamental governing document of Romania that establishes the structure of its government, the rights and obligations of citizens, and its mode of passing laws. CHAPTER I - Parliament. Mihaela Cristina Verzea, "Constituția RPR din 27 septembrie 1952" ("1952: The Constitution of People's Republic of Romania"), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party, Learn how and when to remove this template message, “Opoziția acuză ca referendumul pentru Constituție a fost fraudat” (“The Opposition Charges that the Constitutional Referendum was Rigged”), “Grave incalcări ale legii și nereguli organizatorice, produse la scară națională, cu ocazia referendumului din 18 - 19 octombrie” (“Serious violations of the law and organisational irregularities, produced on a nationwide scale, on the occasion of the referendum of 18 - 19 October 2003”), "Mai este oportună revizuirea Constituției? Constitution, 1965. The fundamental law that formed the basis for the dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu (who had come to power that March), this constitution brought changes to the organisation and name of the state, and to the expression of its foreign policy. Download The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania – 1965 (.pdf) (ro.) Romania - Romania - New constitution: The approval by referendum of a new constitution on December 8, 1991, setting up a democratic republic, had given promise of political stability. 11 relations. The constitution was amended once by a referendum on 18 October 2003. The territory comprising Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity; Jewish tombstones,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, Constitution of Cyprus — Ratified August 16, 1960 Location Unknown Signatories Members of the Cypriot government …   Wikipedia, Romania — /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. A new constitution was adopted in 1965, and entrepreneurship was widely encouraged. Parliament is “the supreme representative organ of the Romanian people and the sole lawmaking authority”; it is bicameral (Chamber of Deputies and Senate) and elected for four years. 2. A public debate began in 2013 and a Parliamentary Commission for the Revision of the Constitution was established. The 1965 Constitution of Romania was drafted by a committee of the Great National Assembly (MAN) and approved by a plenary session of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party on June 28, 1965. Unity of the people and equality among citizens Citizenship . It came into force ten days later. 3. It was partly abrogated in December 1989, following the Revolution; some clauses continued in operation until December 8, 1991, when a new constitution was adopted. 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 1938: The 1938 Constituion inaugurated the … Arms of Communist Romania, 1952-1965. by Jaume Ollé. Secretary to the Cabinet.. 20. It was repealed by King Carol II in 1938 and replaced with a corporatist/authoritarian document with the king's National Renaissance Front as the sole legal party. El a afirmat deschis independenţa ţării faţă de U.R.S.S. Romanian State . Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. After the prime minister is named by the president, Parliament validates the composition and programme of the Government and can dismiss it following a motion of censure. Bucharest, Meridiane Pub. Citation. Şase constituţii într-un secol. Regim constituţional în România 1866 – 1965 . 1965 Constitution of Romania. CHAPTER II OFFICER ADMINISTERING THE GOVERNMENT 3. Chapter I Parliament. 1965: Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej dies and Nicolae Ceausescu comes to power. [5] These specified that both could take place by parliamentary vote alone, and that EU citizens living in Romania can vote and run in local elections. Not recognizing the principle of separation of powers, the basic act of 1965 failed to incorporate any of Romanian constitutional traditions in terms of legislation and its application depending on the organs and institutions entitled to do so. CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA TITLE I General principles Article 1 Romanian State (1) Romania is a sovereign, inde-pendent, unitary and indivisible National State. The seventh permanent constitution in the country's history, it was approved that same year in a national referendum on 8 December and promulgated on the same day. It was then debated at the party's 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in Monitorul Oficial that day. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. Bucharest, Meridiane Pub. Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania. 19. It stands as the basis of the legitimacy of the Romanian government. In Romania, the supremacy of the Constitution and the observance of the Constitution and the laws shall be mandatory. Romania's progress along the path of "socialist construction" was acknowledged in 1965 when the country's name was changed from the Romanian People's Republic to the Socialist Republic of Romania. The third soviet-type constitution was adopted. 233 dated 21 November 1991. [1] Constitutia a fost adoptata de Marea Adunare Nationala in sedinta din 21 august 1965, dupa luarea in discutie a proiectului publicat la 29 iunie 1965 de catre Comisia pentru elaborarea proiectului de Constitutie, cu unanimitatea celor 446 de deputati prezenti la sedinta, situatie certificata de Presedintele Marii Adunari Nationale, Stefan Voitec. Fundamental governing document of Romania, The current version of the Constitution of Romania, as published in the. It was then debated at the party’s 9th Congress in July and adopted by the MAN, sitting as a Constituent Assembly, on August 21, being published in "Monitorul Oficial" that day. The 1952 Constitution of Romania, also called the "constitution of building socialism", expressed the consolidation of Communist power, featuring greater ideological content than its 1948 predecessor.A draft was written by a commission elected by the Great National Assembly on March 27, 1952, and published on July 18. (1) The national sovereignty shall reside within the Romanian people, that shall exercise it by means of their representative bodies, resulting from free, periodical and fair elections, as well as by referendum. Replaced the Communist 1965 constitution The Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that made the structure of the government of Romania . Romania was a socialist nation in eastern Europe during the Cold War, though it followed a different path to its Soviet bloc neighbours. On the left side is an oil derrick. The new constitution of Communist Romania was adopted in 1948 following the Soviet model, [1] with subsequent variants appearing in 1952 and 1965 (the former "building the socialism", the latter announcing the "socialism has won" [1] and notably making the change from a People's Republic to a Socialist Republic). The document provided for a series of freedoms that remained purely theoretical, including speech, press, assemblies, meetings and demonstrations, with the proviso that these “cannot be used for purposes against the socialist structure and the interests of those who work”. (2) The form of government of the Romanian State is a Republic. The Constitution of Romania, in its initial form, was published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, no.233 on November 21, 1991 and came into force following its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991. In 1965, concomitant with Ceausescu's rise to first secretary of the Partidul Muncitoresc Român (PMR--Romanian Workers' Party), a new Constitution proclaimed Romania a socialist unitary state. The constitution provides for fundamental civic rights and freedoms, and creates the office of Romanian Ombudsman to ensure these are respected.[4]. 75. mi. Romania - Romania - Daily life and social customs: Romanians’ lives are generally guided by the religious traditions to which they adhere. Romania România …   Wikipedia, ROMANIA — ROMANIA, country in East Central and South East Europe, in the Carpatho Danubian region, north of the Balkan Peninsula, partly on the littoral of the Black Sea. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007. Regulamentul Organic, voted by the respective Assemblies of Moldavia and Wallachia under Imperial Russian occupation in 1831–1832, was the first organic law resembling a constitution ever awarded to the Danubian Principalities. The Constitution of Romania of 1991 was adopted on November 21 and ratified by voters on December 8 that year. The Constitution of Romania was adopted on 21 November 1991. Sovereignty Territory . (2)The frontiers of the Country are sanctioned … Romanian elections take place according to Law no. Repeal of old Constitution and replacement by new Consti­ tution. 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