Moreover, Gesner made original contributions to the fields of philology, medicine, botany, zoology, and geology. Robert Lauterborn, "Konrad Gessner und die Tierkunde," in Der Rhein, (Freiburg, 1930), 1, 136-8. Gessner, Conrad, 1516-1565. Notes: Dates of birth and death: 26 March, 1516 — 13 December, 1565. Conrad Gesner; born March 16, 1516, in Zurich; died December 13, 1565. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. Records of Conrad Gessner on Ancestry. The College Library contains an impressive and valuable collection of books written by Conrad Gesner. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Later volumes devoted to oviparous quadrupeds (those that hatch the young from eggs), birds, and fishes and other aquatic animals followed in 1554, 1555, and 1556; the partially completed fifth volume, on serpents, was published posthumously in 1587. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. In 1545 Gesner published his Bibliotheca universalis, the first bibliography of its kind, listing about 1,800 authors alphabetically with the titles of their works, annotations, evaluations, and comments on the nature and merit of each entry. Enenkel (Eds. For example, his treatise De tulipa Turcarum (1561; on the Turkish tulip) was the first descriptive monograph on that plant. One of the leaders of the trend toward realistic illustrations, this botanist himself drew more than fifteen hundred plates for his Opera botanica (1751-1771; botanical works), which contained the bulk of his botanical writings. GESSNER, CONRAD (also Konrad Gesner, 1516 – 1565), polymath, philologist, theologian, naturalist, and town physician of Zurich from 1554. He is credited with collecting and surveying a vast amount of previous knowledge in encyclopedic publications in philology and natural history. He distinguished different species of a genus and was the first botanist to utilize seeds to establish kinship between otherwise dissimilar plants. found: Email from NNU, Nov. 6, 2009 (Pyle, C.M. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Conrad Gessner (/ ˈ ɡ ɛ s n ər /; Latin: Conradus Gesnerus 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist.Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Gesner spent the rest of his life practicing medicine in Zürich, serving also as a lecturer in Aristotelian physics at the Collegium Carolinum and, after 1554, as city physician. Article abstract: Gesner was a Renaissance man, who collected, studied, and published the works of earlier literary, medical, and natural history authorities; he also compiled encyclopedic surveys of earlier scholarship in these fields. Introduction. Bay, J. Christian. Already a member? The Gessner family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. He held this professorship until his death during an epidemic of the plague in Zurich in 1565. In an early work, a medical tract on the virtues of milk, Libellus de lacte et operibus lactariis (1545), he included a letter to a friend in which he extolled mountains as one of the greatest wonders of nature. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Conrad Gesner studied classical languages and theology in Strasbourg and as of 1533 studied medicine in Bourges, Paris, and Montpellier. ^mi (Sulipa ®£0nmana. There, in the Humanist tradition, he studied the Latin classics. Court Records found View. The most Gessner families were found in and the USA in 1880and the USA in 1920. Conrad Gesner was born in Zurich in 1516. The Historie of Foure-Footed Beastes. Many of the illustrations, drawn by the author himself, are quite novel and show evidence of careful empirical observation. Wrong Conrad Gesner? American Museum of Natural History: creatorOf: Medicine: Compendium of medicine: 1418.: Gesner is especially noteworthy in this period for the system of botanical classification he developed. What's the difference? [Copy of a specimen of Conrad Gesner's handwriting on the title-page of Stobaeus's 1543 edition of Keras amalthaias, which was edited and translated by Gesner]. His family was not wealthy, but thanks to various benefactors he was able to study and travel to Straussburg, Paris, Basel, and elsewhere. For each animal included, Gesner listed all known names, as well as the animal’s range and habitat, habits, diet, morphology and anatomy, diseases, usefulness (including medical uses), and role in literature and history. Conrad Gesner was born circa 1903, at birth place, New York, to Herbert Gesner and Louise Gesner. Criminal or Civil Court records found on Conrad's Family, Friends, Neighbors, or Classmates View Details. Conrad Gesner was born in Zurich in 1516. Log in here. New York: Da Capo Press, 1973. In Zurich, Gesner married a young girl from a poor family, whose later ill health placed great strain on his meager financial resources. One acted as his foster father after his own father had been killed in 1531 during one of the many religious conflicts of the times; another fed and sheltered him for three years; and a third saw him through upper school at Strassburg. In 1535, he returned to Strasbourg, then to Zurich. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He has been called the “father of zoology.” A … Sophia Hendrikx, Identification of herring species in Conrad Gessner’s ichthyological works, a case study on taxonomy, nomenclature, and animal depiction in the sixteenth century. His Historiae animalium, a landmark in the history of zoology, occasionally displays a critical attitude when presenting collected knowledge. Gesner’s next monumental achievement was a compendium of recorded knowledge concerning animal life, the Historiae animalium, in which he sought to distinguish observed facts from myths and popular errors. The College Library contains an impressive and valuable collection of books written by Conrad Gesner. Word Count: 2029. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Born in St Johns, , New Brunswick, Canada on 26 Aug 1841 to Abraham Pineo Gesner and Harriett Webster. In 1567, Gesner gave the earliest known description of a pencil. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Conrad-Gesner, The Galileo Project - Biography of Conrad Gesner, Strange Science - Biography of Conrad Gesner, Conrad Gesner - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), “Pandectarum sive Partitionum universalium Conradi Gesneri…libri xxi”. His De rerum fossilium was the first work on fossils to contain a significant number of illustrations, as well as one of the earliest works to include illustrations of crystals. Many large databases are available to search covering from births, deaths and marriages, military records, census records … Kenneth C. Gesner and Hester How Abraham Pineo Gesner 1797 - 1864. Even when Gesner committed what his sponsors considered the fatal mistake at the age of 19 of marrying a young lady who had no dowry, his sponsors did not forsake him but rather found a teaching position for him in Zürich and then managed to persuade the authorities to grant him a leave of absence with pay so that he could undertake formal study of medicine in the city of Basel. He was among the first early modern authors to question earlier biological accounts and to present firsthand descriptions and illustrations based on his own observation of nature. Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. , '' in Der Rhein, ( Freiburg, 1930 ), 1, 136-8 editions of classical! ), 1, 136-8 earliest and best postmedieval encyclopedists found: email from NNU Nov.... 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