It may not have been all bad though—some historians suspect that the population decline is what helped spread the Mississippian culture across much of North America. According to an MSF spokesperson in the area, the town had been reduced to ashes, thought most of the population was able to escape before the attack. But in 1871, Heinrich Schliemann began digging and found a fortress as Homer described. Accommodating more than 3,000 inhabitants, it is one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico civilization. A 1958 article about the Krampus legend in Styria (a state in southeast Austria) reports that Krampus would deliver gold-painted bundles of birch sticks to children. What makes Montserrat odd is that Plymouth is still technically the capital of the island, although in reality the capital is Brades. Pliny the Elder recorded that the town had been destroyed by Sulla during the Social War in 89 BCE so completely that only a single farmhouse remained. Here’s a description of the Salzburg Krampuslauf from a tourist who expected mere costumed buffoonery and came home with welts: The narrow streets in the Old City section of Salzburg were packed with pedestrians as the Krampusse stomped through. In Europe and western Asia there were many states that rose to power and then later fell. But he got grafted onto Christian tradition as a sidekick of St. Nicholas, similar to figures like Zwarte Piet in the Netherlands and Knecht Ruprecht in Germany. As technology evolved, the borders of nations shifted, and entire states rose and fell. During its existence, the U.S.S.R was the largest country in the world by area and a champion of communism. Abandoned buildings may seem like they'll always be part of your local landscape, but many are destroyed and lost forever. But people are returning to the Dead Cities. The very first cities in the world developed during the Neolithic period in ancient Mesopotamia.Although many of these early cities are no longer around, there are a few that still exist and have developed into modern cities. Years later, a hunter missed a shot and his arrow hit the bell of what is now known as Hedal Stave Church, rediscovering this abandoned village. Here are some things you might not have known about Santa's demonic companion. From the collapse ancient empires to the renaming of exotic places, the map of the world looks very different now than it did a century ago. There are usually some kind of horns and hides involved, but there’s also a lot of free rein. From the tragic to the mysterious, you won't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist. A grand city, center of trade, full of Arabs, Romans and Easterners, an oasis in the desert. And the cause was entirely human. Costumed figures of the two traditionally visit houses and businesses together on Krampusnacht. Founded by Norse explorers around 986 CE, it's estimated that at its largest, the Eastern Settlement in Greenland had around 5000 people living in the area. "15 It's possible that Merv in modern Turkmenistan was the largest city in the world for a few years in the 12th century, with a population around 200,000 people. As for the Little Americas, they've drifted out to sea on icebergs and have disappeared. The kingdom lasted from circa 900 to 1470, when it was conquered by the Inca. Nicole Scherzinger pointed out the summer tan after the holiday of Mykonos! And everybody knows about the Maya and their famous calendar.But other ancient peoples get short shrift in world history. The government bought most of the remaining citizens out, but a few residents fought to be able to live out their lives there. The city never recovered, although other towns would be built in the surrounding area. To get it they had to pay three cents for the stamp and 50 cents to the Byrd Antarctic Expedition; it was a success—anywhere from 150,000 to 240,000 [PDF] letters were stamped before the post office was discontinued in 1935. Merv's wealth came from a strategic position for trade routes and dams that provided the city with water. The city of Uruk, today considered the oldest in the world, was first settled in c. 4500 BCE and walled cities, for defence, were common by 2900 BCE throughout the region. The list below is far from comprehensive, but it includes the most notable former countries. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, and was a major center of Buddhism. Eventually, the lava reached San Juan Parangaricutiro and the church was partially buried. Lukangol was a city of 20,000 in South Sudan that was completely destroyed in late 2011 due to ethnic clashes. The city was submerged due to an increase in sea level. They also pledged to arrest Krampus whenever they saw him. San Juan Parangaricutiro used to be the principal town in its region of Mexico, a thriving city of 4000 people centered by an 18th century church. The Dead Cities are a group of around 40 villages in northern … The Krampus costumes at Krampuslaufs are aesthetically varied—they may be reminiscent of devils, bats, goats, abominable snowmen, or something out of a Guillermo del Toro movie. These were essentially small versions of the bundle of twigs he would use to beat people. U.S.S.R. was a strong superpower alongside the US, with whom they engaged in a cold war that came close to plunging the world into a nuclear war. However, they don't always find their inhabitants. The Spanish conquerors never discovered it, and it was revealed to the public at the beginning of the 20th century. . STABIAE, ITALY. Akrotiri, the city on the island of Santorini, is a fine example of the skillfulness of the builders of the Minoan civilization in Greece. On the cards, Krampus traditionally has a long tongue that sometimes lolls halfway down his chest, and sports one human foot and one cloven hoof—no one is entirely sure why. And in an increasing number of American cities, you can go to a Krampus party, Krampus costume contest, or even a traditional Krampuslauf. Paull Young, Flickr // CC BY 2.0 When Vesuvius exploded in 79 CE, its most famous victims were the... 2. Taxila is a complex that spans 6th century BCE Achaemenian ruins. Los Angeles in particular has a burgeoning Krampus scene. And in no other place was this change faster than in Europe. According to Archaeology, the town was fitted with utilities, industrial buildings, cars, fully stocked kitchens, and even a propane tank farm alongside dozens of mannequins. You can find gifts that are perfect for every age group without having to break the bank. One of them even featured an American post office and had a newspaper documenting the goings-on. Often, we imagine the past as something grandiose, mystical, magnificent, a time when the ancient nations tirelessly created and searched. Some continue to be major players on the political scene, but others are no longer significant. Some scholars dispute its existence, saying that it was a metaphor instead of a city, or that it was created to distract invading Spaniards. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. But you might also encounter a procession of Krampuses stalking through the town, laden with bells and chains, intimidating onlookers or whipping them with bundles of sticks. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) is a former empire, which was located in northern Eurasia and was established on Dec 30th, 1922. 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