There are several different varieties of locust tree that are commonly cultivated for ornamental purposes, as locusts have many positive attributes, both aesthetically and from a practical point of view. Plants used in Native American cuisine. Birds like the fruit and spread the seeds. Its blooms are pale pink and appear in large, showy clusters, making this a popular ornamental plant. Edible Plants Listed here are some of the southeastern Arizona edible plants, the native and introduced plants with edible parts such as their flowers, fruit, leaves, or roots. It can produce very high volumes of edible fruit, though you need both male and female plants to get it. Fragrant – … Ulmus pumila Siberian elm 50-60 45-50 Brittle tree; use only away from buildings; locally Robinia neomexicana : New Mexico or rose locust – Deciduous large shrub to tree thicket forming (6-15’). Robinia neomexicana is a deciduous Tree growing to 2 m (6ft 7in) at a medium rate. It is heat and drought-resistant and enjoys full sun. The honey locust tree is popular in landscaping due to its large size, which is achieved in a short space of time because the tree is fast-growing. pseudoacacia: Robinia pseudoacacia var. The hybrid between Robinia kelseyi and R. pseudoacacia, forming a small to medium-sized tree. Read on to find out about the most popular types of locust trees available and their care needs. This is the best article I have found on this type of tree and includes its other types! Good windbreak, erosion control and wildlife plants. Locusts are part of the pea family, Fabaceae, and can take the form of both trees and shrubs. kelseyi: Robinia hispida var. Sophora japonica Japanese pagoda tree 40-60 45-70 Does well in alkaline, saline soils; cream-colored flowers in early summer. Each season, a locust tree shows off different distinguishing features that make them easier to sponsor. Unlike many fast-growing trees, though, the honey locust does not have invasive roots or weak wood. Lemmon in the Santa Catalina Mountains. ; Note: non-cultivated wild native plants belong in this category; and cultivated native plants belong in Category: Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America or Category: Crops originating from the United States, depending on when it was first cultivated. It is also used for reforestation and is used as a nurse species (Huntley, 1990), for mine soil reclamation (Stone, 2009) and for shade in urban areas (Boring and Swank, 1984). Robinia neomexicana: New Mexico locust: edible flowers, firewood: nitrogen-fixer: New Mexico locust is a nitrogen-fixing, coppiced firewood plant. It also tolerates salt, foot traffic, pollution a… The base of the leaves of the black locust tree has short and sharp thorns, unlike the honey locust tree, which has thorns all over it. In late spring to midsummer, New Mexico Locust (Robinia neomexicana) trees bloom on Mt. Cov., feltleaf willow Salix arbusculoides Anderss., peachleaf willow Salix bebbiana Sarg.. ... Acacia farnesiana, sweet acacia, and Parkinsonia aculeata, Jerusalem-thorn. Fragrant, they are made into fritters in America, Europe and Asia. The seed pods are also used as food for wildlife and livestock. After the leaves wall off in the winter, the tree will grow new leaves in the spring, typically a few weeks earlier than the black locust tree. New Mexican locust Salix alaxensis (Anderss.) Bloom: Dense racemes 2-4″ long of white to pink pea-like flowers from spring to early summer They will grow in less than ideal conditions, but high soil pH, high salt levels, and a lack of moisture will make the tree more susceptible to pests and disease. For a tree native to the Southeastern US it gets around. The New Mexico locust tree, or Robinia neomexicana, isn’t a Mexican tree, contrary to its name. It produces vibrant yellow leaves that sometimes turn a shade of lime green, bringing stunning and unusual foliage colors to any garden. 3-34B). Above: Robinia neomexicana, or as it's known to the layman, New Mexico locust. They have a very strong scent. Just about the entire tree is useful in some way including the flowers. This makes it a much easier tree to keep as the clean-up of the fruit from honey locust trees can be quite a messy job. Robert’s garden. The black locust tree flowers profusely, with large clusters of beautiful blooms. The fact that the tree grows so quickly is also an advantage because it means high-quality wood can be produced in a short space of time. I just moved and was trying to identify a tree in the yard. When leaves are young, they are tinged with touches of purple, and as the foliage matures, it develops to a deep bronze color. 8 Different Types of Locust Trees & Their Uses, Frisia Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia', Purple Robe Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe', Twisty Baby Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia 'Lace Lady', Imperial Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos inermis ‘Impcole’, Skyline Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’, Shademaster Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos var. Black locust trees are a hardwood tree, and they make excellent high-quality timber that is durable and strong. The beautiful whitish bark accentuates the bright yellow fall foliage. This variety is thornless, and it also does not bear fruit. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). It can be grown as a tree or a shrub, growing to around 10 feet in height. In spite of its name, this locust is actually primarily found across the southwestern United States. All of these attributes have led to the honey locust tree being widely cultivated for use in city landscaping. The flowers are the only part of the plant that is edible and can be eaten raw in salads or fried in tempura batter. Photographs by George Miller. This tree has thorns on both the base of the leaves and long their branches. New Mexico locust (Robinia neomexicana) is a good choice for the Southwest, and bristly locust (Robinia hispida) grows well in most of the lower 48 states. This attribute has led to the honey locust tree also being known as the thorny locust tree, although thornless varieties are available. Very helpful. These trees grow easily, even becoming mildly invasive in some regions. In spite of its name, the honey locust tree is not used to support the production of honey. neomexicana: Robinia neomexicana var. It has a wide spread that provides useful shade in park grounds. 12-18' tall x 12' wide (seed propagated) A deciduous, native shrub that develops great character with age. The black locust tree typically flowers heavily, and this is one of the things that makes the tree so popular as an ornamental tree. Different species have additional features that make them unique and easier to identify, like the range of their size and their variety of colors. The shademaster also does not produce fruit, making it extra low maintenance. It is in flower from July to August. The specific epithet, neomexicana, is the Latinized form of New Mexico, one of the locations where the plant is found. Form: Rounded. rosea: New Mexico locust (Robinia neomexicana) Robinia neomexicana var. The pods are eaten by many animals, including deer, cattle, squirrels, rabbits and birds. umbraculifera Robert’s garden. The mushroom is perennial, so a new pore surface is a… It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Cast your vote in the comments, and don’t forget to share this page with other interested growers! The tree is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 8. Black locust trees are native to North America, and some examples can be found growing to heights of over 80 feet, though they typically grow to somewhere between 40 and 60 feet, with a large canopy spreading 30 feet across. It is slightly smaller in stature than the black locust tree, growing to a height of 40 feet with a spread of 25 feet. The leaves of this tree are green, turning copper and yellow in fall. Known hazards of Robinia neomexicana: The bark, root and seed are said to be poisonous. It usually appears on the side of a tree and grows out and down in semicircular layers from its point of attachment.1–3 As its common name suggests, one of the defining features of the Cracked Cap Polypore is its pileus, which becomes deeply cracked in age. Starting out green, the thorns develop into dark brown as they age and become hard and brittle. Robin, a lectin, is similar to but less toxic than ricin found in castor beans. This stunning variety of black locust trees is also highly ornamental with interesting aesthetics. Thank you! These small, multi-stemmed trees or large shrubs have fragrant, lilac-pink, pea-like flowers in large, showy clusters and large, pinnately compound leaves. Like many other locust trees, the skyline honey locust is adaptable to both moist and dry soil, and this variety, in particular, will grow happily in any soil pH. Incidentally, the pink flowers of the Robinia neomexicana are also edible. It grows very quickly, in a variety of conditions. rusbyi: Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) Robinia pseudoacacia var. They are all native to regions across North America, where they have since been cultivated for multiple reasons, including for use as hedging or erosion control. Female plants produce considerable quantities of blue-black berries that are eaten by birds. 08. of 10. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). New Mexico Locust Tree (Robinia neomexicana) The New Mexico locust tree is also called the southwestern locust or hojalito. Type: Deciduous flowering shrub or small tree. Privacy. It features deep purple branches from which stunning floral displays are produced in early spring and summer. The pulp was used as traditional medicine and food by Native Americans and is still used to make tea and in the production of beer. Edible parts of New Mexico Locust: Flowers - raw or cooked. Check other web resources for Robinia neomexicana A. This tree takes the shape of a pyramid and has elegant fern-like foliage, both of which give the tree a very refined look. The honey locust tree is most commonly used in city landscaping, as it has so many benefits. The distinction between edible, medicinal, and deadly native plants can be tenuous in the field, especially within the potato-tomato family, Solanaceae, and the carrot-parsley family, Apiaceae. Phellinus robiniae is just one of many woody brown polypores that can be found growing on living or recently deceased trees. The flowers of this tree contrast the foliage nicely, in rich shades of pink and purple. It produces yellow-green flowers and grows to an average height of 35 feet. It prefers dry sandy soil that is able to drain well. New Mexico locust blossoms (Robinia neomexicana-- ONLY FLOWERS, other parts are toxic) Fruits are a different story, and this may not be the best thread for them, but just to have them listed somewhere, here are the best for us so far: Prickly pear fruits; Wolfberries … For a tree native to the Southeastern US it gets around. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Robinia neomexicana (New Mexican locust). They are very sharp and can measure anywhere up to 4 inches in length. In farmland, it grows so quick that crops and grasses are poor competition against it. The name is thought to be a reference to the sweet-tasting pulp contained in the trees seed pods. Fragrant, they are made into fritters in America, Europe and Asia. Unfortunately, over-cultivation has led to an increase in pests and diseases that affect the tree. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Locust trees are hardy and fast-growing members of the pea family that grow well in various environments. It can coppice, though again Jerome Osentowski reports that at his site it does not do so reliably. The tree has not been widely cultivated for the wood, but it is popular in niche markets for use in furniture. The leaves of the tree are oval and typically a blue-green color, though this does vary between cultivars. Sedalia,Colorado. The white flowers are also made into tea. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Robinia neomexicana differs from R. pseudoacacia in that it has rose-pink flowers, hairy leaflets, finely haired young twigs and glandular hairy pods (Fig. Its name comes from the way its limbs twist and contort, giving it a very unusual look. Which variety of locust tree do you prefer? The yellow flowers bloom from this tree have a pleasant fragrance and are small and delicate (University of Florida Extension). Incidentally, the pink flowers of the Robinia neomexicana are also edible. The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. https://www.backyardforager.com/locust-blossom-sorbet-recipe The similar Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is a large tree with dark bark, white or pinkish white flowers, and flat, winged bean pods. This variety of black locust trees is commonly cultivated for its ornamental quality. The pulp was used as traditional medicine and food by Native Americans and is still used to make tea and in the production of beer. It grows as much as 20 feet in the first 10 years and can eventually grow 70 feet high. To prevent this problem, you will need to keep on top of the suckers. Lime color in the summer and and reddish-brown in the fall, the pods are 12 to 18 inches long and contain 12 to 14 seeds. The flowers grow in clusters that dangle from the tree and can measure anywhere between 4 and 10 inches in length. Honey locust trees, like black locust trees, produce wood that is strong, durable, and high-quality. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Sedalia, Colorado. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are … They are highly fragrant and are usually white, though some cultivars of the black locust tree can produce flowers in shades of pink and purple. The wood of this tree is commonly used in manufacturing fences. To grow a black locust tree, all you will need is a large space that benefits from full sun. Planting a honey locust tree is easy as they don’t mind being disturbed; just ensure you have a large space in a full sun spot and a big, oversized hole for the root ball as these tend to be much bigger than you would expect for the size of the tree. Cercocarpus ledifolius is a very tough nitrogen-fixer, handling arid conditions and -50F/-45C! The seed pods of this tree contain a sweet pulp that is edible, unlike the pods of the black locust tree, which are toxic and should not be consumed. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Robinia neomexicana | New Mexican locust | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Rubus flagellaris | Northern dewberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses, Rubus pensilvanicus | Pennsylvania blackberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Rosa multiflora | Multiflora rose | Edible and Medicinal Uses. Growing Trees in Pots - Benefits, Tips & Tricks, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Autumn Blaze Maple Tree - Growing & Care Guide, Clementine Tree Care and Propagation Tips. It typically grows to around 45 feet tall, with a spread of around 35 feet. Just about the entire tree is useful in some way including the flowers. Figure 3-34B. This makes it much more efficient firewood than many others. It’s actually found mostly in the Southwest of the United States. These thorns are said to be so sharp that they were once used as nails in the building. This locust tree species can grow into a tree or a shrub and it reaches heights of about 10 feet with beautiful purple branches and flower batches that bloom in spring and summer. The plant does have its uses and provides excellent erosion control on slopes and mountainsides that are affected by this problem. 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