In the central part of the country, regions like Boaco prounce vos without the s sound at the end. Its culture is similar to that of Caribbean nations that were or are British possessions, such as Jamaica, Belize, The Cayman Islands, etc. He was an unsuccessful candidate for president in 1996 and 2001, before winning the 2006 presidential election. Her silver medal was the first medal ever for a Costa Rican athlete. Miskito. Mirador de Catarina. The Reagan administration of the United States funded the opposing rebel groups, known as the Contras, resulting in a vicious civil war. Sandino's political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which finally overthrew the Somoza government in 1979. The flag of Nicaragua was adopted on August 27, 1971. [11] However, nearly all of the estimated 200,000 Nicaraguans who fled to the U.S. (and other nearby Central American countries) between 1978 and 1979 returned after the victory of the Sandinistas in 1979.[18]. In 1959 he escaped to Honduras, where he was captured by the Honduran border patrol. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua People 2020 information contained here. Bermúdez founded the largest Contra army in the war against Nicaragua's Marxist Sandinista government, which was supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. Spanish is spoken by about 90% of the country's population. The central region and the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua were inhabited by indigenous peoples who were mostly Chibcha-related groups that had migrated from South America, primarily what is now Colombia and Venezuela. Central America and the Caribbean He was the last member of the Somoza family to be President, ending a dynasty that had been in power since 1936. Drawing units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war, his insurgents never defeated the Americans in battle. She writes under the pseudonym Claribel Alegría. Segura was elevated to the cardinalate in 1927. As a solo artist, Katia Cardenal has released six albums with the Norwegian label Kirkelig Kulturverksted and two with Nicaraguan MOKA Discos. Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez is a Nicaraguan politician and former guerrilla who ran for president as the candidate of the Alternative for Change party in the 2006 general elections. Bianca Jagger is a Nicaraguan-born social and human rights advocate and a former actress. Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president and was elected president in his own right later that year. Juan Carlos "J. C." Ramírez is a professional baseball pitcher in the Cleveland Indians organization.. Juan Bautista Sacasa Sacasa was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1933 to 9 June 1936. Eduardo Montealegre Rivas is a Nicaraguan politician. Son of Carlos Mejía Fajardo and María Elsa Godoy, his brother Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy, three years younger than he is, is also an acclaimed and much-loved musician. El Güegüense is a satirical drama and was the first literary work of pre-Columbian Nicaragua. [12] In 1992 approximately 10–12% of the Nicaraguan population had emigrated. Indiana went off to represent Nicaragua at the 58th edition of the Miss Universe pageant held in August at the Atlantis Paradise Island in the Bahamas, Bahamas. The Acahualinca footprintsreveal human presence six thousand years ago. The poem Pasos is best known for was his Canto de guerra de las cosas poem. Guerrero served as one of the Vice Presidents in the administration of René Schick from May 1963 to August 1966 and became President of Nicaragua on 4 August 1966 following the death of Schick. He later lost that title on May 19, 2008 to Yusuke Kobori who knocked him out in only 3 rounds. He is a 1977 laureate of the Maria Moors Cabot Prize of the University of Columbia. During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. Julian was a half-blood Miskito Indian who joined Samuel Bellamy early in his brief career. This personal testimony can be read as a bildungsroman, or novela de formación in Spanish. He adopted a military career, and slowly rose through the ranks. Indiana María Sánchez Sánchez is a model and was Miss Nicaragua 2009. In Masaya, they go all out with corn pastries, foods, and drinks called rosquillas, chicha de maiz, corn with ginger, nacatamales, … The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile. This was the highest percentage of Nicaraguan Americans of any place in the country. Bolaños served as vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. Gioconda Belli is an author, novelist and renowned Nicaraguan poet. Sylvia Poll is a famous backstroker and freestyle swimmer for Costa Rica, who won the silver medal in the Swimming at the 1988 Summer Olympics Women's 200 meter freestyle at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. Enrique has received two Grammy Award-nomination for "Best Tropical Latin Performance" for album Luces del Alma and his song Amiga. Julian's life became more difficult after he survived the Whydah wreck in 1717. Fonseca was later killed in the mountains of Nicaragua, three years before the FSLN took power. This left him free to amass a huge personal fortune. Benard played with the San Francisco Giants from 1995 to 2003. Kiel Martin succumbed to lung cancer on December 28. Castillo and Carolla met while working in construction together and building the Bodies in Motion gym in Pasadena, where they shot the movie. A leader in the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front, his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua. Over 62 percent of the total documented immigration from 1979 to 1988 occurred after 1984. In New Orleans, he got deeper into the Blues Guitar, influenced by New Orleans musicians and Louisiana bluesmen. She was one of the heavy favorites, appearing on many predicitions list, unfortunately she did not place among the top 15. 1963), religious leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints The triangle also contains symbols of liberty and peace which is represented by a red Phrygian cap, white rays and a rainbow]. He graduated from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua of León in 1964, where he obtained the Gold Medal for being the best student. Due to centuries of extreme discrimination most Native Americans, as in every Latin American country outside Bolivia, self-report as Mestizo. He plays "Oz", a character which is based on his real life while working in construction with Adam Carolla. He joined the struggle against the Somoza dictatorship in 1958 and went into exile in Brazil in 1960. Nicaragua, as well as other Latin American countries, have a long history of migration to the United States. He was executed on March 26, 1733. - nonprofit educational website. 44.86 inhabitants/sq km The black population is mostly of West Indian (Antillean) origin, the descendants of indentured laborers brought mostly from Jamaica when the region was a British protectorate. Also in the Caribbean coast, many Indigenous people speak their native languages, such as the Miskito, Sumo, Rama and Garifuna language. Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal was a Nicaraguan journalist and publisher. Darío has had a great and lasting influence on 20th-century Spanish literature and journalism. He was a commander in the guerrilla war against Somoza, and prominent Sandinista party member. Eddie Gazo is a former professional boxer in the super welterweight division. Arlen Siu Bermúdez, better known as Arlen Siu, was a Chinese Nicaraguan who became one of the first female martyrs of the Sandinista revolution. He has an Italian background, his family came to Granada from the north of Italy. Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino; May 18, 1895 – February 21, 1934, also known as Augusto César Sandino, locally, was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua . However, in 2006, and again in 2011, Daniel Ortega was elected again as president by the people of Nicaragua. He is the former WBA/WBC Welterweight champion and the former WBC light middleweight champion. He was a member of the Conservative Party. He was elected vice-president of Nicaragua in 1984 and was sworn in 1985. [10] In 1998 more than two million Nicaraguans were left homeless due to hurricane Mitch, as a result many Nicaraguans received permanent residence or temporary protected status (TPS) in the late 1990s. Jinotepe, Diriamba, and San Marcos are famous for their festive dishes called “picadillo, ajiaco, and masa de cazuela or indio viejo”. At the beginning of his term he led an anti-Corruption campaign against his predecessor and the head of the PLC Arnoldo Alemán politically isolating himself from the influential Liberal Party. Read the aformentioned article in order to find out. He was the eldest son of Roberto Sacasa, 44th and 46th President of Nicaragua, and wife and cousin Ángela Sacasa Cuadra. One thing that people notice about life in Nicaragua is that it’s loud. The two blue stripes represented the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea; while white symbolizes peace. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. In addition to being responsible for all of the Contras' military operations, Bermúdez ultimately helped manage the Contras' transition to an opposition political party in the early 1990s, after the Sandinistas' ultimately yielded to demands for elections in the country. Mariano Prado Baca was a Central American lawyer and a four-time, liberal chief of state of El Salvador, while it was a state in the Federal Republic of Central America. On the other hand, Nicaraguan food in the Atlantic coast is heavily influenced by Afro-Caribbean spices and flavors, mainly coconuts, chiltoma (sweet peppers), and chilies accompanied by roots such as yuca (like cassava), malanga. Although the U.S. supplied post-revolution Nicaragua with ten of millions in economic aid relations broke down when the Sandinistas supplied weapons to leftist El Salvadoran rebels. After Managua, Leon is one of the top cities to explore while in Nicaragua. Montealegre objects to an alliance, referred to in the popular media as "El Pacto", between Arnoldo Alemán and Daniel Ortega, who ran as the candidate of the FSLN in 2006 for the fourth consecutive time since his 1985-1990 presidency, this time successfully. Both records would last 20 years, until her sister Claudia bettered the times at the 2006 Games. As a result, Sweetwater is locally known as "Little Managua" after Managua, the Nicaraguan capital. By 1990 Nicaragua had elected in its first anti-Sandinista government, and the country was changing and reshaping. The total number of immigrants to Nicaragua, both originating from other Latin American countries and all other countries, never surpassed 1% of its total population prior to 1995. In 1967 Agüero was chosen to represent the conservative 1966 National Opposition Union in the presidential election against the Somoza regime. Relative to its overall population, Nicaragua has never experienced any large scale wave of immigrants. Nicaragua has a unique history in that it was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British. [8], Abroad, the United States is home to the second largest number of Nicaraguans outside Nicaragua, particularly in the Miami area. Nicaraguan literature has historically been an important source of poetry in the Spanish-speaking world, with internationally renowned contributors such as Rubén Darío who is regarded as the most important literary figure in Nicaragua, referred to as the "Father of Modernism" for leading the modernismo literary movement at the end of the 19th century. He bats and throws right-handed. He has been praised as the "Prince of Castilian Letters" and undisputed father of the modernismo literary movement. Lewites was elected to Congress on the FSLN ticket in 1990, the year Daniel Ortega lost the presidency. Moreover, she was the first person from Central America to win a gold medal, and the only until the 2008 Olympic Games when Panama won a gold medal. The cover read "The craziest man in the sport: Mayorga lights up boxing." imperialism. The pristine raw natural beauty of … B in Economics from Brown University in 1976 and an MBA with a focus in finance and strategic planning from Harvard University in 1980. He is often referred to as the most important poet after Rubén Darío. Nicaragua Is The Ideal Destination For The Intrepid Traveller. Because of Montealegre's stand against corruption, Arnoldo Alemán, and Daniel Ortega's Sandinista National Liberation Front, the U.S. ambassador in Managua openly endorsed his candidacy. On 25 May 1985, he was selected by Pope John Paul II to be cardinal in Central America. Mirador del Cristo de la Misericordia. He started his career on August 29, 1993 when he lost to Humberto Aranda by a 6th round TKO and after that, he stayed undefeated until he lost again to Roger Benito Flores by UD in the Gimnasio Alexis Arguello in Managua, Nicaragua. This professional boxer was a three-weight world champion in the 1970s-80s, and … 130,370 sq km Many Nicaraguans also fled to nearby Costa Rica and other countries. Román Alberto González Luna is a Nicaraguan professional boxer who is the current WBA light flyweight champion and is the former WBA minimumweight champion. I know you are awesome, so why not make a donation using Paypal. Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century. His mother took Thalidomide while pregnant, which caused his disability. was a member of Somoza’s Liberal Nationalist Party and after his death, his niece's husband Anastasio Somoza Garcia was then appointed to move forward with T.V. Joining the Sandinistas, he also travelled to Cuba to receive training in guerilla warfare from Fidel Castro's Marxist-Leninist government. He spent some years in the Regiment Fijo de Bandera, but then decided to pursue a career in civil law. Some Nicaraguans pronounce the word vos with a strong s sound at the end. Samuel Wilson was born in Chinandega Nicaragua, he is an Afro-Nicaraguan. Cordúa is the owner and executive chef of six restaurants in the Houston, Texas area. He played all three outfield positions, mostly as center fielder. Montealegre served as minister to the presidency in 1998 under Arnoldo Alemán. About 5% of Nicaraguans fully claim Native American ancestry, descendants of the country's indigenous inhabitants. Under Luis Somoza's regime, Nicaragua was a key player in the ushering of the creation of the Central American Common Market, with the Alliance for Progress backing that common market's creation. Lewites was born in the San Felipe barrio of Jinotepe, the son of a Jewish immigrant from Poland. Claudia Bermúdez is a Nicaraguan-American politician and entrepreneur. Indigenous Languages of Nicaragua. Music in Nicaragua is the same as elsewhere in the region. Nicaragua, nestled between Costa Rica and El Salvador in Central America, has a dramatic history of settlement, colonization, rebellion and independence. Some of these stories are still know in Nicaragua. In August 1978, Borge was one of the highest ranking Sandinistas released from prison after the spectacular Sandinista raid on the Nicaraguan National Palace by 19 commandos, headed by Edén Pastora that took the entire Congress hostage. Nicaragua’s population is made up mostly of mestizos (people of mixed European and Indian ancestry). In addition, emigrants were more likely to come from larger premigration households and higher income households.[13]. His work resulted in compounds which he used to treat patients at least one year before the commonly accepted discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming. [4] This is not to say that immigrants were not important to the evolution of Nicaraguan society and the Nicaraguan nation. With the support of the FSLN "Business Bloc" led by Bayardo Arce, Lewites rejoined the mainline FSLN in 1998 and, with Ortega's blessing, won the Managua mayorship as a Sandinista in 2000. His eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle took over, to be succeeded by his younger brother Anastasio Somoza Debayle, who was forced to flee in 1979 and assassinated in exile in Paraguay the following year. Fabio Gadea Mantilla is a Nicaraguan radio journalist, writer, and politician. Many of his songs, performed with his band los de Palacagüina, became associated with the Sandinista movement as songs of the workers and revolutionaries. He is a famous liberation theologian and the founder of the primitivist art community in the Solentiname Islands, where he lived for more than ten years. Cristiana Frixione is a Nicaraguan beauty queen. Prado took command of one of the military columns in the retreat. He made his major league debut on May 9, 1982 and played in 60 games over two seasons for the Philadelphia Phillies. José María Moncada Tapia was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1929 to 1 January 1933. Ortega's relationship with the United States had never been very cordial, due to US support for Somoza prior to the revolution. During the period of Sandinista rule in the 1980s, Lewites was an ally of the powerful Ortega brothers. Claudia Maria Poll Ahrens Costa Rican swimmer who competes in the 200 m to 800 m freestyle events. As Minister of Tourism, he promoted state development projects, such as the Montelimar beach resort in 1986 and the Olof Palme Convention Center in Managua. Rigoberto López Pérez was a Nicaraguan poet and music composer. They were both recently honored with Nicaragua's highest cultural distinction, the Order of Rubén Darío. The indigenous groups that were present in the Pacific coast have largely been assimilated into the mestizo culture, however, the indigenous people of the Caribbean coast have maintained a distinct identity. He was a relative of Carlos José Solórzano, 58th President of Nicaragua. He holds a record of 29-8 with 23 knockouts and 1 draw 1 no contest. The Caribbean side has its own Caribbean Island vibe, as well as the traditional Garifuna Punta style. At the 1986 Central American and Caribbean Games she set the Games Records in the women's 200 and 400 frees. He finished in second place after Daniel Ortega, receiving 28.3% of the vote. He is usually accompanied by a bass fiddle, guitar and guitarrilla (a small guitar like a mandolin). You’re not going to the party anymore?” Born into a working-class family, from an early age Ortega opposed ruling President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, widely recognized as a dictator, and became involved in the underground movement against his regime. On 4 November 2001 he defeated Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front party in the presidential elections and was sworn in as president on 10 January 2002. Over the past thirty years she has written articles and opinion pieces, delivered keynote speeches at conferences and events throughout the world and participated in numerous television and radio debates, about numerous issues including genocide, the war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan, the war on terror, war crimes against humanity, crimes against future generations, the Former Yugoslavia, Sri Lanka, Central America, Iran, Iraq, India, children and women’s rights, the rights of indigenous peoples, climate change, the rainforest, renewable energy, corporate social responsibility, the ensuing erosion of civil liberties and human rights, and the death penalty. Estrada and his victory at San Jacinto are commemorated on the Nicaraguan five hundred-cordoba note, and the date is a national holiday. Nora Astorga Gadea de Jenkins was a Nicaraguan guerrilla fighter in the Nicaraguan Revolution, a lawyer, politician, judge and the Nicaraguan ambassador to the United Nations from 1986 to 1988. He has also signed up Nicaragua to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. The Chinese Nicaraguan population is estimated at around 12,000. He won the 1999 Willie Mac Award for his spirit and leadership. He has made alliances with fellow Latin American socialists, such as the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez. Segura was a fundamentalist, integrista, in the technical sense of believing in the necessity of a 'Confessional State' – one that officially professes and supports the public practice of the Roman Catholic religion and prohibits others from enjoying equal legal status. President Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes died in Philadelphia. His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, headed the National Guard and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule. The marimba of Nicaragua is uniquely played by a sitting performer holding the instrument on his knees. It is also known for being the first major work in the Nicaraguan vernacular, rather than formal Spanish. She is the first Nicaraguan-American to be the nominee of a major party for a seat in the Congress of the United States. Born in Nicaragua to José de la Trinidad Prado and Clara Baca, Prado moved with his family at a young age to San Vicente, El Salvador. Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century. José Santos Zelaya López was the President of Nicaragua from 25 July 1893 to 21 December 1909. Though the country lacks on equipment, the Nicaragua Professional Baseball League and their national team has been successful throughout the 1970s. Managua 5,848,641 inhabitants A purported "unruly slave," Julian the Indian was sold to another owner and tried often to escape. Sánchez was crowned Miss Nicaragua 2009 on March 7, 2009 at the Ruben Dario National Theater in Managua. He eventually piloted the Whydah, which was the leading ship of Bellamy's fleet, when he was only 16 years old. She had to put her studies on a hiatus to fulfill her duties as Miss Nicaragua 2009. The number of Nicaraguan Americans living in California was 51,336 in 2000. As of 2009, over 6.9 million inhabitants live in the Pacific, Central and North regions, 5.1 in the Pacific region alone, while inhabitants in the Caribbean region only reached an estimated 300,000.[4]. Indiana will also represent Nicaragua in Reina Hispanoamericana 2010 held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. However, according to the U.S. Census Bureau some 7,500 Nicaraguans legally immigrated from 1967 to 1976. After her reign as Miss Nicaragua she entered the Nuestra Belleza Latina 2010 Reality Show aired on Univision, where she landed in 11th Place. She also represented Nicaragua at the Miss Universe 2006 pageant, Frixione was also crowned World Miss University in 2006. Blessed María Romero Meneses, was a Salesian Sister and Social Apostle of Costa Rica, beatified by Pope John Paul II on the 14 April 2002. Castillo was born in Nicaragua and, in 1986, fled to the United States after being tortured by Somoza militants for suspected opposition activities. The Caribbean coast of Nicaragua is known for a lively, sensual form of dance music called Palo de Mayo which is very much alive all throughout the country. In the Caribbean coast many afro-Nicaraguans and creoles speak English and creole English as their first language. Devern Brandon Hansack is a Nicaraguan professional baseball pitcher who formerly pitched in Major League Baseball in the United States. She received the crown from the outgoing Miss Nicaragua, Thelma Rodriguez. He previously played for Atlético Olanchano in the Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Honduras. Emiliano Chamorro Vargas was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1917 to 1 January 1921 and again from 14 March 1926 to 11 November 1926. Returning to power in his own name in 1951, he maintained an iron grip on his own Liberal Party while making a deal with the Conservatives; thus, he faced no opposition. Nicaragua's pre-Columbian population consisted of many indigenous groups. Sánchez was a sophomore at Miami Dade College, attending the school of Nursing. The marimba is made with hardwood plates, placed over bamboo or metal tubes of varying lengths. Although Luis declined to run for reelection in 1963, he and Anastasio saw to it that the presidency was held from 1963 onward by politicians loyal to the Somozas. He was a relative of his predecessor René Schick. In the western region, the Nahua people (also known as the Pipil-Nicaraos) were present along with other groups such as the Chorotega people. They camped at his hacienda, "Santa Catalina", near San Vicente, and then continued to march toward Honduras. Prado repudiated the revolution of 1811. Subsequently, he served as minister to the presidency of Enrique Bolaños. In time immigrants were able to set up newspapers, hotels and banks. She was formerly married to Mick Jagger, lead singer of The Rolling Stones. The Garifuna community exists in Nicaragua and is known for its popular music called Punta. The re-call of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression. His family cotton farming operations, SAIMSA, were confiscated during the first Sandinista administration of the 1980s. Benard had above-average power for a leadoff hitter. He had an involvement with the independance being the general giving the orders to the man with higher fame Andrez Castro in an attempt to overtake Hacienda San Hacinto as a part of Granada. Pedro Segura y Sáenz was a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Toledo from 1927 to 1931, and Archbishop of Seville from 1937 until his death. He lost via Unanimous Decision the scores were 117-111, 116-112,116-112. He is known for his slow style and to opponents who are not afraid to punch him, he is a very easy target. In between, he played one season for the Kintetsu Buffaloes in 1986. Most Nicaraguans live in Nicaragua, although there is also a significant Nicaraguan diaspora, particularly in Costa Rica and the United States with smaller communities in other countries around the world. He also represents Nicaragua as deputy to the Central American Parliament and was President of that body in 2004–2005, as well as having been a member of its Commission of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology from 2007 onward. On 21 September 1956, he was shot by poet Rigoberto López Pérez. Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier served as President of Costa Rica from 1990 to 1994. Zelaya's philosophy was based on Germany's former Emperor's military views. from Columbia University. He was one of the original exponents of Nicaraguan Latin Rock. In his three-year MLB career, Altamirano compiled a 7–4 record with 57 strikeouts, a 4.03 ERA, two saves, and 91.2 innings in 65 games pitched. These groups include the present-day Miskitos, Ramas and Mayangna. Jagger currently serves as a Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador, Founder and Chair of the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation, Member of the Executive Director's Leadership Council of Amnesty International USA, and a Trustee of the Amazon Charitable Trust. 1990 U.S. Census 168,659 of the country was changing and reshaping and slowly rose through the ranks to striking,... With an honorary doctoral degree due to centuries of extreme discrimination most Native Americans, the... 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