Mount Erebus was discovered on January 27, 1841 (and observed to be in eruption) by polar explorer Sir James Clark Ross who named it and its companion, Mount Terror, after his ships, Erebus and Terror (which were later used by Sir John Franklin on his disastrous Arctic expedition). [31] The Air New Zealand flyover service, for the purposes of Antarctic sightseeing, was operated with McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 aircraft and began in February 1977. In 2004, the reliable presence of a lava lake at this volcano’s summit made Mount Erebus the perfect place to test a self-directed satellite and sensor. La catastrophe a pour origine l'utilisation d'un plan de vol erroné combinée à une situation météorologique de … Antartica, Australia, and New Zealand The most recent eruption of Mount Erebus began in 1972 and stopped in 1992. A conspicuous break in slope around 3,200 m ASL calls attention to a summit plateau representing a caldera. microbes that get all of their energy from chemical reactions with the rocks, and that do not depend on any other lifeforms to survive. O Monte Erebus, na Antártida, é o patinho feio no mundo dos vulcões. Mount Erebus (77ø33'S, 167ø10'E, 3794 m above sea level) is the southernmost active volcano in the world. Since Dante had not yet reached the bottom of the crater, no data of volcanic significance was recorded. Erebus, Antarctica", "Antarctic Cave Microbes Shed Light on Life's Diversity", "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2013)", A picture from space of the lava lake at the summit of Mount Erebus, A panoramic view from the summit of Mount Erebus, Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mount_Erebus&oldid=992648529, Historic Sites and Monuments of Antarctica, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [1] With a summit elevation of 3,794 metres (12,448 ft), it is located in the Ross Dependency on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes: Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova. It was, at the suggestion of P.R. Mount Erebus ( /ˈɛrɪbəs/) is an active volcano, the second-highest in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on Earth. The accident is commonly known as the Mount Erebus disaster. Although derailed observations of the volcanic activity did not start until the 1970s (and even that is … Satellite picture of Mount Erebus showing glow from its persistent lava lake, Mount Erebus travel guide from Wikivoyage, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Holmes P., Daughters of Erebus, Hachette New Zealand Ltd (2011), p. 31, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Volcanic Seven Summits#Volcanic Seven Second Summits, "Backward Tracking of gas chemistry measurements at Erebus volcano", "Plumbing Erebus: Scientists use seismic technique to map interior of Antarctic volcano", "Microbial communities in dark oligotrophic volcanic ice cave ecosystems of Mt. [12] The ice caves associated with the fumaroles are dark, in polar alpine environments starved in organics and with oxygenated hydrothermal circulation in highly reducing host rock. you dont want to mess with mount erebus antarctique. Mount Erebus is an Antarctic volcano with a height of nearly 4000 metres (12 500 feet). [20] On the southwest rim of the summit caldera sits Seismic Bluff, named for a seismic station nearby. In 1992, the inside of the volcano was explored by Dante I, an eight legged tethered robotic explorer. It is the 6th highest ultra mountain on an island. Mount Erebus is the second highest volcano in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on earth. Powered by www.VolcanoDiscovery.com video and seismic observations of strombolian eruptions at. This makes it of special interest for studying oligotrophs – organisms that can survive on minimal amounts of resources. Its final flight was on February 17, 1980. Mount Erebus is one of several volcanoes in the McMurdo Volcanic Group which itself consists of Late Cenozoic intraplate alkaline volcanoes. volcan en antarctique erebus photos dinosoria. The time is used together with seismic data to probe the structure of the rocks beneath the volcano. They are dynamic systems that collapse and rebuild, but persist over decades. On December 31, 2013, the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired images of the western end of Ross Island in mid-summer. Description of Mount Erebus. The volcano is less than one million years old. Le 28 novembre 1979, un DC-10 effectuant le vol Air New Zealand 901 s'écrase sur le mont Erebus, en Antarctique, en ne laissant aucun rescapé parmi les 237 passagers et les 20 membres d'équipage. Mount Erebus Discovery. Mount Erebus erupts continuously since its discovery in 1841. Anomalously energetic explosive activity occurred in September 1984, with bombs of up to 10 m in diameter thrown over a kilometer into the air, landing several hundred meters beyond the crater rim. Characteristic eruptive activity consists of Strombolian eruptions from the lava lake or from one of several subsidiary vents, all within the volcano's inner crater. Mount Erebus in Eruption on June 14, 1908. Erebus is a dark region in Hades in Greek mythology, personified as the Ancient Greek primordial deity of darkness, the son of Chaos.[24]. During the Antarctic summer, snow melt on the flanks of Mount Erebus continually reveals debris from the crash that is visible from the air.[31]. The air inside the caves has 80 to 100% humidity, and up to 3% carbon dioxide (CO2), and some carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), but almost no methane (CH4) or hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Has an interesting history in its summit crater systems that collapse and rebuild, but do... Up to 20 inches in height occurred September-December 1984 and buried the mount erebus eruption with ejecta mountains in the mountain! 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