Page 1 of 49 A systems analysis of caste-based discrimination in Nepal: Identifying a tipping point to dismantle endemic marginalization of Dalits. Mijar (Sarki, Charmakar, Bhool) 4. Dalits, formerly known as untouchables - are at the bottom of the ancient caste hierarchy linked to the Hindu faith and form more than 13% of Nepal's population. Most recently, on May 24, two Dalit boys, Nawaraj Bishwakarama (BK) and Tika Ram Sunar, were found dead on the banks of the Bheri river in the Jajarkot district of Southern Nepal. The treatment of Dalits in Indian society is not something that is talked about much in global media. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). Whilst all Dalit castes have suffered various forms of caste-based discrimination, the problems associated with these communities are not the same. The global definition of the caste system surrounds a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. Caste aside, Shusma Barali. A thesis submitted to the Department of community Development in the School Another thing worth mentioning is that discrimination against Dalits has been slightly lower in urban areas, but is still very much prevalent in more rural areas. Despite laws to the contrary, caste-based discrimination is a festering sore in Nepalese society, as Dalits face continuous social prejudice and violence. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. The social structure of caste-origin Hill Hindu or Khas groups is simple, reflecting only three groups in hierarchy, with the distinct absence of the Vaishya and Shudra varnas. Once her family learned about their relationship, Nawaraj and his family received frequent warnings to keep away from her, and on one occasion, he was reported to the police. They believed that the existence of Dalits causes pollution. Two incidents of caste-based discrimination, which led to the murder of seven people, have rocked Nepal, leading to a new wave of street protests, and highlighted the Himalayan nation’s deeply entrenched social inequalities. There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. Please consider making a donation to help us continue this work. The official term for Dalits in India is Scheduled Castes. Gandharba (Gaine) गर्न्धर्व (गाइने) However, this didn’t have a significant influence on how the other castes in India perceive them. Click to Unmute. Dalit in Nepal. Pariyar (Damai, Dargee, Suchikar, Nagarchee, Dholee, Hudke) 3. It is heartbreaking to hear the statements of two friends who ran away with Nawaraj BK, who escaped from the crowd [in order] to save their own lives. Dalits are also discriminated against through healthcare; they are avoided by doctors and are often banned from entering shops with rations. Meanwhile, the struggle of Dalit Christians and Muslims seeking the rights of social welfare benefits from government continues. A fifth element varna categorises those deemed to be entirely outside its scope, including tribal people and untouchables such as Dalits. The legal recognition to caste and all the discriminatory laws made on the grounds of caste were ceased. The fight to end the deeply rooted discrimination started during the 19th century, when those who have been outside of the castes have begun to organize themselves. That belief is partly tied to the type of work Dalits did during history, which was tied to cleaning and possibly even dealing with feces. Badi (बादी) 5. It is then that the people outside the castes have begun to organize themselves and search for places where they would not be discriminated against. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The 10 OECD Countries With The Highest Salaries, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. They are often violently attacked due to their low social position. They have continuously been held back by the rest of society and are not considered to be a part of the Hindu caste system. In 1950, after India gained its independence, the Constitution of India was introduced. Some great thinkers, who speculate that removing the word ‘Dalit’ from the constitution will eliminate discrimination itself, argue that removing the word ‘poverty’ from the vocabulary will also remove poverty and bring prosperity. I beg the media to not set this aside and move to the next news cycle. The word varna can mean class, order, or type. Five bodies have been recovered so far, one still missing, and other members of the group were handed over to the police and were released later. New Delhi, May 5: Kanaklata had been fighting to keep her Dalit identity in the dark since moving to the capital eight years ago. A lot of human rights activists are dealing with this problem every day. Bishwokarma (Kami, Lohar, Sunar, Od, Chunanra, Parki, Tamata) 2. The caste system in Hinduism is very clearly designed to divide society, forming social stratification. See all those languages up there? Image via Flickr user Linus Mak. The residents of territories being annexed by Nepal can expect placement as local, native castes: Kshatriya, Brahmin, or Dalit. The Kshatriyas are a caste that gathers warriors, rulers, and different officials. Kunni Kharka, a small village in Bethanchok Rural Municipality, located about 55 km south-east from Kathmandu in Nepal, is home to 14 Dalit families, who have been living there for decades. Discrimination against Dalits remains prevalent and enduring. Newsletter powered by Mailchimp (Privacy Policy and Terms). In many cases people get confused in Caste and Gotra. Organizza il tuo viaggio in Nepal con gli operatori locali selezionati da Evaneos e goditi la tua vacanza su misura. The National Dalit Commission of Nepal (NDC-Nepal) has identified about 26 castes of which 7 are Hill Dalits (of which two belonged to the Newar community) and the remaining 19 Madhesi Dalits . Interestingly, while Dalits in Nepal constitute only 13% of the population, 50% of the Dalit population is constituted by Dalit women. In certain parts, it was dealing with suggestions and measures on how to improve the position of Dalits in society. However, since adopting the term Dalit, and it becoming more popular, they have become more aware of the situation. Dalits in Nepal Caste System and Dalits. Despite the country's multiculturalism, minority groups in Nepal — known as Dalits or untouchables — are often subjected to various forms of discrimination, which ranges from hate speech and abuse to rape and murder. In 2001 the CBS recorded only nine g… It’s been more than a decade since Nepal transformed from a Hindu monarchy to a federal republic, but Dalits, who are at the bottom of its stratified caste system, remain the poorest of the poor. The mother tongue of these groups is Nepali. Their social status defines people, and the upper castes can openly discriminate against the lower ones. Full list of family names of hilly, Himalayas, terai, madhesh regions. According to research, their quality of life is still far worse than that of the rest of the population. Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. People that do belong within the casts are called savarna. Vaishyas are the third caste, and they are the merchants and people that work in agriculture. Terai occupational castes – Dhobi, Halkhor, Chamar, Dushad, Dom, Musahars, etc. Sign up to receive the best of Global Voices! The majority of Dalit families live below the poverty line. However, the discrimination is mostly felt by those outside the system, below the castes, such as the Dalits. Global Voices stands out as one of the earliest and strongest examples of how media committed to building community and defending human rights can positively influence how people experience events happening beyond their own communities and national borders. Rathaur > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Khadka/Khadga > Khas-Chhetri 709. Mali Caste Surnames List They are friendly with the Jat, Tarkhan, Jheer and Kumhar communities. 1. Most cases of caste-based discrimination are swept under the carpet, the police often fail to investigate reports of violence against Dalits, and perpetrators often go unreported or unpunished. One Twitter user explained: रुकुमको घटना एउटा जघन्य अपराध हो।नवराज बिक संगै गएका भागेर ज्यान बचाएका २ साथीहरुको बयान सुन्दा आङ जिरिङ्ग हुन्छ।उनका साथीहरूको कुरा सुनिसकेपछि,दलित भएकै कारण नवराजको ज्यान लिइएको बुझ्न कठिन हुने छैन।तर्क/कुतर्कले नबराज र साथीहरूको जीवन अब फिर्ता हुने छैन।https://t.co/gtxd78MgDx, — Rabi Lamich2ane (@hamrorabi) May 26, 2020. Progress has be… In an attempt to save themselves, some of them jumped into the nearby river and managed to escape, but Nawaraj and five of his friends didn’t survive the fall. Subscribe to comments on this post via email, This site is licensed as Creative Commons Attribution 3.0. We have enlisted the Nepali Surnames. Upon their arrival, they were chased, stoned and beaten. Their life expectancy is lower than the national average, and so is their literacy rate. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). groups as Dalits in Nepal, and ii) As the list of Dalit fluctuates, so is the size of population of Dalits, ranging 2 million to 4.5 million in various sources. Satyal > Bahun > Kaudinya (Purbiya) 289. That has brought about the rise in their demands for more constitutional and legal rights. Dalits in Nepal are a historically state victimised disadvantaged community who have been compelled to lag at the bottom of the social structure and excluded from national development mainstream due to the caste system and extreme Hinduism for centuries. On May 23, 2020, one day after a 12-year-old Dalit girl from the western Rupandehi district was forced to marry her upper-caste rapist, she was found hanging from a tree. People from higher social classes consider them to be below the caste system. Vaishyas are the third caste, and they are the merchants and people that work in agriculture. The census is conducted every 10 years in Nepal; the government is currently preparing for new census data collection. In time, more and more important positions in society have been held by Dalits. Caste-based discrimination and untouchability are also in practices within Dalit community that is intra-Dalit discrimination. An inter-caste love relationship was deemed to be the major reason for their tragic deaths. There is no space for impunity and that should be clear to everyone. To stay independent, free, and sustainable, our community needs the help of friends and readers like you. Dalits in Nepal stand at the intersection of socioeconomic and political oppression and have long been deprived of basic human rights due to wide-ranging discriminatory practices. In 2016, for example, 18-year-old Ajit Mijar married his upper-caste girlfriend Kalpana Parajuli. Rukum's incident is a heinous crime. 5 Human Rights Watch communications with Dalit activists, January 2004. A presidential order in 1950 reserved benefits only to Hindu Dalit considering caste system a Hindu practice. However given the global nature of the “caste system” it has in part become fragmented into slightly different meanings depending on the culture it’s embedded into. Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. The word varna can mean class, order, or type. See here the total Nepali Thar haru. Both cases related to marriages between a member of the lowest Dalits caste, and a person belonging to a higher caste. Much of the previously animist/tribal Khas population of the western Nepal region acquired the 'Chhetri' status in the 1850s with the proclamation by the Rana Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana, making Chhetris the most populous caste/tribe of Nepal. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by denomination, location or the castes of their predecessors. After listening to his friends, it will not be difficult to understand that Nawaraj was killed because he was a Dalit. He tested positive for COVID-19 and was confined in a quarantine for 34 days where he was ostracised both for being infected, and for being a Dalit. They are landless and much poorer than the dominant caste population. The lives of Nawaraj and his friends will not be returned by any logic/gossip. Most higher caste people are in positions of leadership, while Dalits are held back economically, socially, culturally and politically. Khanal > Bahun > Kaushik (Purbiya) Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; 3,226,903).”. In some parts of Nepal, Dalits are still not allowed to use public taps, temples, or shops. After the incident, police arrested Dambar Bahadur Malla, Sushma's father and ward chair of the local municipality, along with fifteen others in connection with the incident. The Dalits are a population of people living in India and certain regions of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Nepal. They are considered contaminated from the day they were born and are faced with significant discrimination. Dalits, formerly known as untouchables - are at the bottom of the ancient caste hierarchy linked to the Hindu faith and form more than 13% of Nepal’s population. Dalits are routinely denied access to religious sites, they face resistance to inter-caste marriages, refusal by non-Dalits to handle water touched by them and many other forms of discrimination. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. Dalits are still beaten by upper caste people in Nepal. These women not only have to face discrimination by people outside the Dalit community, but also are often confronted with Dalit men, who are relatively empowered by systemic … Those disputes often end in violence. One of the measures was organizing special reservations where Dalits could live without being attacked. Please read our attribution policy to learn about freely redistributing our work  Some Rights Reserved, Discrimination is criminalised, but Nepal's caste system is crippling, Dalit youth and five of his friends stoned to death in Nepal because of his love for an upper-caste girl, Bangladesh bids farewell to Argentinian football legend Maradona, Nepal's Sapana Roka Magar, who provides Hindu funeral rites for unclaimed bodies, listed in BBC's 100 Women of 2020. Nawaraj, a 21-year-old from Jajarkot who loved playing sports and wanted to join the police force, was born into a Dalit family. Sushma's family wanted to marry her off with someone from her own caste, so she reportedly asked Nawaraj to rescue her before they did. According to a comprehensive 2011 census report, Dalits made up 13.6 per cent of the total population (approximately 3.6 million people), but some researchers estimate that the number could be more. संविधानबाट ‘दलित’ शब्द हटाए विभेद अाफै हट्छ भनेर कुतर्क गर्ने केही महान विचारकहरूले ‘गरिबी’ शब्द शब्दकाेशबाट हटाए विपन्नता पनि हट्छ र समृद्धि अाउँछ भनेर तर्क गरे अनाैठाे नमाने हुन्छ। #Nepal #Dalit. A huge number of Dalit families live in extreme poverty and are discriminated even in the school system and the health services. The first caste is the Brahmins, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with knowledge and information. The caste system has played an influential role in Nepal’s social, economic, and political landscape. On the night of May 23, Nawaraj — accompanied by 18 friends — headed to Sushma's village of Soti, in the Rukum district, so that the two could elope. There are often disputes between Dalits and other castes because some Dalits are still able to have some economic success despite being heavily prejudiced. People belonging to one of the castes are called savarna. The Dalits of Nepal and a New Constitution 1 I This publication The origin of this document is explained in the Preface. By Antonia Čirjak on February 10 2020 in Society. After coming home, he quarantined himself in … The Kshatriyas are a caste that gathers warriors, rulers, and different officials. He fell in love with Sushma Malla, an upper-caste, 17-year-old girl. 15,630, Dalit Rs. Nawaraj was badly beaten up by the crowd. List of Nepali Surnames | Family Names in Nepal Get the famous, popular, surname of Nepal. Because of this, they are often called the “Untouchables”. However, it is an enormous problem that can be compared to apartheid. — Shiwani Neupane (@ShiwaniNeupane) May 30, 2020. It also removed the privileges to Dalit people converted to other religions. Discrimination based on caste, as perceived by UNICEF, is prevalent mainly in parts of Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Japan) and Africa. Entrepreneur Shiwani Neupane challenged the media not to shun their responsibility: I hope the Nepali media will continue to follow on the story of lynching of innocent Dalit boys in Nepal till justice is served. Five days later, his body was found hanging. However, the constitution has banned the practice of untouchability. Caste discrimination in Nepal is costing Dalits their lives, even nine years after the enactment of the Caste-Based Discrimination and Untouchability (Crime and Punishment) Act of Nepal, 2011. Finally, we have the Shudras, which are laborers that provide various services. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. Preliminary police investigations suggest that she had been raped and murdered. Communities that were classified as Dalits, or Scheduled Castes officially, also got a certain number of seats in government and educational positions. A report on the updated list of Dalit groups of Nepal, submitted to: National Dalit Commission of Nepal ... (1976) investigated the relationship between Bishwkarma and Kami Dalits. How will the war in Nagorno-Karabakh change Azerbaijan? Dalits are called avarna because they do not belong to any of the casts. — Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Various human rights organisations and Dalit leaders have been pressuring the government to take immediate action on the case and provide justice to the victims’ families: Although protests and discussions are ongoing in different parts of the country, many fear that this case will soon be forgotten, like so many others in the past. The history of caste Hindus is a narrative of self-success which has been steeped in the very marrow of caste Hindu culture. 3 Padmalal Bishwakarma, “Caste Discrimination and Untouchability Against Dalits in Nepal,” paper prepared by the Society for the Liberation of Oppressed Dalit Castes, Nepal, for the Global Conference on Caste Discrimination, New Delhi, March 1-4, 2001. All his body parts, including his head, were seriously injured. But Dipak lost his job and returned to Nepal on 30 June. According to the Article 18 of Nepal's Constitution, caste-based discrimination is criminalised — but while the country announced itself as an untouchability-free nation in 2006, the Act only came into effect in 2011 and is not enforced. Though such incidents — which range from social exclusion to murder — are still prevalent nationwide, they are usually felt most strongly in conservative regions like Western Nepal, although the cities exhibit the underlying prejudice in subtler ways. 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