Situated in northwestern Libya along the Mediterranean coast, it is the country’s largest city and chief seaport. Illustration of atlas, capital, division - 188111621 Western Libya features the rocky Red Plateau, the Acacus range and the sand seas of Ubari and Murzuk. A relatively narrow coastal strip and highland steppes immediately south of it are the most productive agricultural regions. Much of the central and eastern area of the country is covered by the Libyan Desert. ... Libya Under Qaddafi and the NFSL Challenge , 1992. 7. Land boundaries: Figure 1 Alsarai Building Museum Figures 2, 3 Part of the old town of Tripoli Many of the buildings located within the walls of the old city of Tripoli are in a bad Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa. Most famous geographical features there are the Tibseti Mountains, Jebel Akhdar, Waw an Namus, Haruj, and some Arkenu structures. An even larger undertaking is the so-called Great Manmade River, initiated in 1984. Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km, Maritime claims: Its fossil-fuel generators produced electricity at the rate of 16.92 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) in 1998, which was well above consumption (15.736 billion kWh in 1998). This map shows a combination of political and physical features. Physical geography. Libya stretches along the northeast coast of Africa between Tunisia and Algeria on the west and Egypt on the east; to the south are the Sudan, Chad, and Niger. The area of the Mediterranean Sea north of Libya is frequently called the Libyan Sea. Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, (1987), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Libya&oldid=956561200, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have brought immense wealth, at the time of its independence it was an extremely poor desert state whose only important physical asset appeared to be its strategic location at the midpoint of Africa's northern rim. It has also undertaken extensive reforestation projects. After Gadhafi was no longer in power in Libya by the fall of 2011, the AU continued to not recognize the NTC (National Transition Council) as the legitimate government of Libya. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have brought it immense petroleum wealth, at the time of its independence it was an extremely For example, epic floods in 1945 left Tripoli underwater for several days, but two years later an unprecedentedly severe drought caused the loss of thousands of head of cattle. The ancient walled city, or medina, lies along the harbor and is dominated by a 16th-century Spanish castle. Libya lay within easy reach of the major European nations and linked the Arab countries of North Africa with those of the Middle East, facts that throughout history had made its urban centres bustling crossroads rather than isolated backwaters without external social influences. It is on the Mediterranean between Egypt and Tunisia, with Niger and Chad to the south and Sudan to the southeast. Libya is within the Sahara, the world’s largest desert. The population of Libya was estimated as 6,244,174 in 2014. For most of the year, Bedouin camps spread across the countryside with groups separated from each other by several miles. The Cyrenaica region is contiguous with Egypt, and here, too, the border is not naturally defined; illegal as well as legal crossings are frequent. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. Description: The Physical Map of Libya showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m It is a relatively small African nation as it covers an area of just 63,170 square miles (163,610 sq km). The allocation of limited water is considered of sufficient importance to warrant the existence of the Secretariat of Dams and Water Resources, and damaging a source of water can be punished by a heavy fine or imprisonment. In 1987 these circumstances severely limited the country's agricultural potential as a basis for the sound and varied economy Gaddafi sought to establish. From Jabal al Akhdar, Cyrenaica extends southward across a barren grazing belt that gives way to the Sahara Desert, which extends still farther southwest across the Chadian frontier. Still farther south a pastoral zone of sparse grassland gives way to the vast Sahara Desert, a barren wasteland of rocky plateaus and sand. Terrain: In many wadis, however, the water table is declining at an alarming rate, particularly in areas of intensive agriculture and near urban centers. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Arabic is the official language of the country.Libyan dinar (LYD) is its official currency. It covers much of the country, over 3,629,000 square miles and is one of the most arid places on Earth . Pop. The city is divided into old and new quarters. Tunisia is on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. ... Bedouin camps consist of closely-related kin, and the physical distance between family groups in the same tribal section reinforces privacy. The total area in Libya is 679,362 sq.mi. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. In places, decades may pass without any rain. 0.19% The government has expressed concern over this problem and because of it has diverted water development projects, particularly around Tripoli, to localities where the demand on underground water resources is less intense. The Sahara, which occupies most of the country, is the dominant geographical feature. In this beautiful country there are magnificent coastlines that stretch all along the Mediterranean sea. Cyrenaica became Arabized at a somewhat earlier date than Tripolitania, and Beduin tribes dominated it. The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are the country's most prominent natural features. On the other hand, the United States has 256 doctors (2000) per 100,000 people. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. lowest point: Rainfall is scant. Other factors, too, such as the traditional forms of land tenure, have varied in the different regions. Exclusive economic zone: The Mediterranean coastline is the focus of most travellers' trips to Libya. In the late 1970s, wells were drilled at Kufra and at Sabha as part of a major agricultural development effort. In the West one seldom needs to travel more than 100 kilometres between areas with water and vegetation, and the whole area is well criss-crossed by desert tracks. 1. Tripoli is its capital and largest city. 3D rendering. Physical map Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Libya. Libya is very mountainous many mountains, hills, snow, trees, and forests. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and Chad and Niger to the south. Libya has a good infrastructure thanks to its development projects since the 1970s. Typical colors are blues, greens and browns. The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are Libya's most prominent natural features. 2 Libya: Civilians face deep suffering from long conflict, as fighting forces schools and health facilities to close By entering this website, you consent to the use of technologies, such as cookies and analytics, to customise content, advertising and provide social media features. Before Libya achieved independence, its name was seldom used other than as a somewhat imprecise geographical expression. Learn about all the amazing animals in Libya. Important among its major roadways are the coastal highway linking the city with Banghāzī and Cairo and another that runs inland connecting Tripoli with Sabhā in the south. ... Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Please enter a valid email address. Physical map of Sudan showing major cities, terrain, national parks, rivers, and surrounding countries with international borders and outline maps. arable land: other: There are several highlands but no true mountain ranges except in the largely empty southern desert near the Chadian border, where the Tibesti Massif rises to over 2,200 metres. What are some physical features in Libya? 1 759 540 km² You can now support this channel via Patreon, by accessing the link bellow. Program/Project Management Job in Libya about Health, Mine Action and Protection and Human Rights, requiring 3-4 years of experience, from HI; closing on 26 Nov 2020 Tripoli is the centre of the most densely populated region of Libya. In fact, the situation has even deteriorated since the onset of Marshal Haftar’s attack on Tripoli on 4 April 2019. The Sahara is diagonally split into a western and an eastern half by a series of highlands. Libya’s 1,770 kilometers (1099 miles) of Mediterranean Sea coast is the longestof any North African country. There are some oases, or small areas of green land, in the desert. mi.) The border between Tripolitania and Tunisia is subject to countless crossings by legal and illegal migrants. Area: Deficiency in rainfall is reflected in an absence of permanent rivers or streams, and the approximately twenty perennial lakes are brackish or salty. Libya is the fourth largest country the Maghreb region of North Africa and Egypt to the east of it along with Algeria to the west. Within Libya as many as five different climatic zones have been recognized, but the dominant climates are the hot-summer Mediterranean climate and the hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification Csa and BWh). Libya in Euromed. In Cyrenaica there are fewer coastal oases, and the Marj Plain – the lowland area corresponding to the Jifarah Plain of Tripolitania – covers a much smaller area. 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) Image of fish, design, continent - 144844911 8. Key facts about Sudan. miles. The foreign oil companies and suppliers will not do business with Libya unless there is sufficient financial and physical security for their operations. Less than 2% of the national territory receives enough rainfall for settled agriculture, the heaviest precipitation occurring in the Jabal al Akhdar zone of Cyrenaica, where annual rainfall of 400 to 600 mm (15.7 to 23.6 in) is recorded. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Libya. Illustrating the geographical features of Libya. Libya Facts and Country Information... Libya, officially known as the State of Libya is located in the Maghreb region of North Africa and touches the … Libya: Coronavirus outbreak could be ‘catastrophic’ for migrants. The most dominant physical features in Libya are the Sahara desert and the  Mediterranean coast. In the 1980s their degrees of separation were still sufficiently pronounced to represent a significant obstacle to efforts toward achieving a fully unified Libya. There are several highlands but no true mountain ranges except in the largely empty southern desert near the Chadian border, where the Tibesti Massif rises to over 2,200 metres. What are some physical features in Libya. The separateness of the regions is much more than simply geographical and political, for they have evolved largely as different socioeconomic entities – each with a culture, social structure, and values different from the others. Geography. Physical water scarcity is lack of water, it is caused by pollution of water overseas water, climate change and government desision making. Highlights of Libya are: Libyan Architectural Features 139 features, many of them demolished as a result of military colonial campaigns. party to: Total: About 95% of Libya, Africa's fourth largest country, consists of desert (the Sahara). No natural frontier marks the border, and the ethnic composition, language, value systems, and traditions of the two peoples are nearly identical. Geography :: Libya. maps.unomaha.edu/Peterson/geog1000/Notes/Notes_Exam2/NA.html It is surrounded by six countries namely Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, Chad, Egypt, and Niger. Sabratha city is about 65 km from the Mediterranean coast and serve as the capital for Sabratha Wa Surman region. A more unrelenting consequence of Libya’s dysfunctional politics is its monetary crisis. It is one-sixth larger than Alaska. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Libya is a huge country and weather patterns vary by region. Libyais situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. Ergs cover most of Algeria and Libya … The highest point of the country is Bikku Bitti at 2,267 m … Bare rock and sand make up almost all of the country’s land. permanent crops: The people preferred to be referred to as natives of one of the three constituent regions. Sabratha city is located to the north of Libya and is one of the three cities in Tripolis. The main objective of a physical map is to show landforms, bodies of water and other geographical features. 9. mi.) Tripoli, capital city of Libya. The government has constructed a network of dams in wadis, dry watercourses that become torrents after heavy rains. mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions, Elevation extremes: you're it. Map is showing the mountains and valleys. Law of the Sea. The highest point is the Bikku Bitti and the lowest is Sabkhat Ghuzayyil. Human & Physical Features T he number of doctors per 100,000 people is 129 (1997) in Libya. Experts warn of dangers facing the 700,000 refugees and migrants already subjected to ‘unimaginable horrors’ in Libya. (2005 est.) Libya Coordinates: 27.0000° N, 17.0000° E Total land area: 679,359 sq. An aquifer with even greater reputed capacity is located near the oasis community of Sabha in the southwestern desert. desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities, Environment - international agreements: After 2012 oil facilities throughout Libya attracted local militias who demanded jobs as guards or simply cash to keep the facilities unharmed. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and Libya on the south east. There are three mountainous regions: the low Jebel Nefusarange in the north west, the Jebel Akhdar(the Green Mountains) in the north east behind Benghazi and the Tibesti Mountains, the highest of the three on the southern border with Chad, where the highest point of the country is also located (Bikku Bitti at 2266 … Introduction Eight years after the revolution, Libya is in the middle of a civil war. Key Takeaways Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Fig. The Sahara has a number of distinct physical features, including ergs, regs, hamadas, and oases. 0.7 0.7 km3 (0.17 cu mi) (2011), Natural hazards: In the west the Sahara desert extends into Tunisia and Algeria, in the east into Egypt, and across the southern frontiers into Niger, Chad and Sudan. Ergs, which cover 20 percent of the Sahara, are sand dunes that stretch for hundreds of kilometers at heights of more than 300 meters (1,000 feet). Most famous geographical features there are the Tibseti Mountains, Jebel Akhdar, Waw an Namus, Haruj, and some Arkenu structures. The highest point is the Bikku Bitti and the lowest is Sabkhat Ghuzayyil. Cyrenaica comprises 51%, Fezzan 33%, and Tripolitania 16% of the country's area. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma distance from Tripoli to the southernmost point of Libya exceeds the distance between Tripoli and Vienna. 0 km². Physical Environment: The physical environment of North Africa as once stated before is very diverse. A review by leading aid agencies of Ebola operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo was not widely circulated to organisations involved in the response until several months after the epidemic was declared over, despite containing details of mismanagement, sexual abuse and exploitation, and coordination problems during the deadly outbreak. Libya has an observer status in the Euromed partnership.. Euromed is one of the key initiatives of the European Neighbourhood Policy, through which the EU offers its neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values (including democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development). petroleum, natural gas, gypsum, Land use: ... kingdom, and in 1969, became a republic. Rocks in the Sahara desert, Libya. Water: Liberia physical map Vector physical map available in Adobe Illustrator, EPS, PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download. For more than four years, international conflict resolution efforts have centred on the UN-sponsored Libya Political Agreement (LPA) process, 1 unfortunately without achieving any breakthrough. miles. 1 759 540 km² These dams are used both as water reservoirs and for flood and erosion control. The Libyan Desert is one of the most sun-baked and arid places on earth. Border countries: Total: Libya had hoped its fainthearted cooperation would lead to suspended sanctions, which had severely affected the Libyan economy. Geography of the Libyan Desert. Photo about A diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads, etc.. It is on the Mediterranean between Egypt and Tunisia, with Niger and Chad to the south and Sudan to the southeast. The most dominant physical features in Libya are the Sahara desert and the Mediterranean coast. It supports minimal human habitation, and agriculture is possible only in a few scattered oases. Its six land bordering countries are Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger, Sudan, and Tunisia. There are no natural rivers but Libya is known for its beautiful beaches that grab our attention. There is no average rainfall — the land may go for decades with no rainand the highlands for five to ten years without it. There, summers are hot and dry and winters are mild, although the evenings can be worthy of scarves and hats.You'll find similar, though slightly warmer conditions to those on the other side of the ocean, such as southern Italy and Greece. The UN did suspend its sanctions, but they were not formally removed for another four years, not until Sept. 2003, when Libya finally admitted its guilt in the Lockerbie bombing and agreed to pay $2.7 billion to the victims' families. This country is enormous, f.e. Libya physical features. The best known of these lies beneath Kufra Oasis in southeastern Cyrenaica. Gulf of Sidra closing line – 32 degrees, 30 minutes north. The biggest land form of Libya is the Sahara Desert. Bikku Bitti 2,267 m, Natural resources: 4 348 km Rainfall is often erratic, and a pronounced drought may extend over two seasons. There are several highlands, but the land itself is not mountainous.. Geography and Climate of Tunisia . Fezzan has remained a kind of North African outback, its oases peopled largely by minority ethnic groups. 0.99% The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are the country's most prominent natural features. The weather is cooler in the highlands, and frosts occur at maximum elevations. Also, the Libyan coastline has rocky and steep be a ches that are perfect for collecting clams and other mollusks. Who else wants to play hide and seek in that abandoned town of Ghadames? The wadis are heavily settled because soil in their bottoms is often suitable for agriculture, and the high water table in their vicinity makes them logical locations for digging wells. It has a total area of 1,759,540 square km. It is the fourth biggest country in Africa, and the fifteenth largest in the world. There is also the beautiful sight of the Sahara Desert which is very hot and dry. In contrast, Fezzan's borders with Algeria, Niger, and Chad are seldom crossed because of the almost total emptiness of the desert countryside. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. Much of the country lies within the Sahara. Location: This entry identifies the country's regional location, ... diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. These physical features intertwine with Libya’s historical divisions. A relatively narrow coastal strip and highland steppes immediately south of it are the most productive agricultural regions. The Sahara Desert is one of the hottest places in the world and can reach up to 135 … signed, but not ratified: It is a limestone plateau with maximum altitudes of about 900 metres. city, 911,643; urban agglom., 2,098,000. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. No but seriously. The Sahara is the largest dessert in the world; it is a whopping 3,500,000 sq. 6. Libya on a World Wall Map: Libya is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. Libya sought to overthrow the government of Chad in the early 1980's. With an area of 1,760,000 square kilometers and a Mediterranean coastline of nearly 1,800 kilometers, Libya is fourth in size among the countries of Africa and fifteenth among the countries of the world. ? Location and Geography. Libya: Climate and Geography. The difference between physical and human features is that physical features are features created by nature, e.g. This map shows a combination of political and physical features. Last updated on March 19th, 2020. Still farther south a pastoral zone of sparse grassland gives way to the vast Sahara Desert, a barren wasteland of rocky plat… Information on topography, water bodies, elevation and other related features of Libya Physical map of Libya. In 1969 the revolutionary government officially changed the regional designation of Tripolitania to Western Libya, of Cyrenaica to Eastern Libya, and of Fezzan to Southern Libya; however, the old names were intimately associated with the history of the area, and during the 1970s they continued to be used frequently. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. A few is left by Italian and Ottoman colonialisms [1, 2, 3]. Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands In Chad there are many physical features, like the Sahara dessert. 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