Remove about 30%ish of the bush from the oldest, most darkly coloured stems - some people remove more. Pruning is the same as for bushes grown in the ground and regular hearty feeding is important to ensure a reliable supply of young growth to continue the fruiting cycle. The stems of bare-root black currants (with multiple stems emerging from the soil) should be cut back to about 1 inch above the ground after planting. Blackcurrants are also a great source of vitamin C. A healthy established blackcurrant should reward you with around 4.5kg (10lb) of fruit if cared for and pruned correctly. Powered by, Pyracantha ‘Golden Charmer’ – Growing and Care Tips, Pruning Gooseberries – Pruning as bushes or wall trained cordon, 6 Best Inflatable Water Slides For Your Garden, Best Tree Watering Kits and Systems to Automate Watering Newly Planted Trees, Top 4 best pond vacuum cleaners, comparison and reviews, Top 5 Best Tree Stump Killers – Commercial Strength & Domestic Use, Water during the growing season during drier times to keep plants hydrated when the flowers and fruit are forming. Black currants are naturally high in pectin, which makes them a great choice for homemade jams and jellies. For blackcurrants, begin by removing as much of the old growth as possible, retaining just the younger shoots. Spray your shears with rubbing alcohol, then wipe them down. We also use cookies to enable you to buy products from us online in a convenient and secure manner. For this reason modern varieties are easier to harvest. Your goal with your winter pruning of fruit bushes is to remove old wood and create the best shape. These fruit on first-year-canes. Use secateurs to prune off a 15-30cm (6-12in) long shoot of recent growth. Always prune between autumn and late winter when plants are dormant and have lost the leaves. As they only really fruit well on the newer growth, after around 4 years you may notice that your blackcurrant start to produce a smaller crop of fruit. Cook until a candy thermometer reads 220 degrees f so that the jam has candied a bit thickened enough to stand up. In summer the same bushes may be pruned by just pinching out the tops of the leading growths and reducing side shoots so that five or six leaves remain on each. Browse all of our Red, White & Blackcurrant Bushes for Sale here. Top Tip: When harvesting, you can also do most of the pruning: just cut out some of the innermost, most heavily fruited stems and take them somewhere more comfortable to be stripped of their fruit: this will make mopping up the rest much easier. Grow this Onion Alternative for Ultimate Self-Sufficiency. Summer pruning not only induces the basal buds on the pruned shoots to develop, but also helps the crop to mature quickly by allowing more light and air. Prune out the short, spindly, dead or damaged wood – as close to the base of the currant as practical. If you are new to pruning then starting with Blackcurrants is perfect because they are so tough and hardy you needn't worry about killing the bush or severely damaging the shape. For this purpose I would use a combination of miracle-grow, Osmocote tabs [slow release tablets you insert just one a year] and the occasional foliar feed of maxicrop. Last year this caused the tips of the branches to fold over, or even grow out of the netting. We deliver these plus a range of planting accessories across mainland UK. BLACKCURRANT Ribes nigrum cv. They fruit well on two and three year old stems, which then become quite unproductive. It is easiest to then cut all sideshoots off each remaining stem - they can make it bend and latch onto other stems. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. More modern varieties such as Ben Lomond, the fruit will ripen at once in bunches and can be cut off in full bunches by cutting the strings. The principle of pruning black currants is to encourage new shoots to arise from the ground. If you are planting bushes you have just purchased through the autumn and winter, they are usually bare root which is how they are usually sold by mail order nurseries at this time of the year, or alternatively, as potted plants in summer. Blackcurrants crop best on two-year-old stems, which should then be cut down to stimulate new stems at... Blueberries. For the first few years (around 2-3 years) you only really need to prune out and remove any damaged, diseased, weak or low hanging branches and your aim is to form a bush with around 7-8 good strong branches. Removing the complete branch will cause … Select about 1/3 of the oldest, darkest wood to prune away. Get the pruning right – at the right time – and red currants are hardly ever a problem. Cut branches back to a good strong outward facing bud. This is when they need the first proper prune. New season wood which is thinner and much lighter in colour. They are one of the few soft fruit bushes to like damp soil, but they do need plenty of sun and a sheltered position in the North & Scotland. It is now about five feet tall, and will press against the netting cage we will place over it in summer. When planting blackcurrants they should be planted deep unlike a lot of plants. The practice forces the canes to form more canes with healthy buds. Prune so that the centre of the bush is not overcrowded. Your plants will need action against aphids and a net is essential to keep the birds off. This will encourage lower shoots and when you prune back older branches to ground level, new shoots will come from the base of the plant. Blackcurrants bear the most … Remove the entire branch right down to its base. This is also a good time to remove any weak or low hanging branches which need to be removed to avoid fruit touching the ground. Plant in full sun and they will grow in damp soil but ensure it is well-drained. Pruning. Harvesting Blackcurrants:You'll see them darken and taste sweet when they are ripe, use scissors to cut them off. Clean your tools with rubbing alcohol or bleach after you use them. Copyright of pyracantha.co.uk 2020. How to Grow Blackcurrants – A Guide to Growing Blackcurrants Blackcurrants. Grapevines are exuberant climbers, so if you plant one for its fruit you will … Remove the entire branch right down to its base. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way, but they fruit on wood that’s 1-2 years old, so any branches that are older than this can be removed. Photo: Shutterstock Established blackcurrants are at least... 2. - J & k Digital Media Ltd, the owner of this website pyracantha.co.uk, is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking pyracantha.co.uk to Amazon properties including, but not limited to, amazon.co.uk. The fruits can be frozen to use at a later date. Between late autumn and late winter you want to remove around one third of the older darker wood to ground level as this will not produce much fruit anymore. removes dead wood; reduces height of bush; helps establish new canes; opens up bush to increase sunlight and air circulation in the canopy (poor air circulation promotes disease) – Ground spray for weed control – Planting of new cuttings If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. I have a four year old blackcurrant, ‘Ben Connan’. You may consider netting the fruit against birds. Pruning Blackcurrants. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Blackcurrants fruit on new season wood and old season wood won’t fruit again. Bushes fruit on the young wood, mainly from one- or two-year-old stems, and it is important to bear this in mind when pruning. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. The best time to prune gooseberries is in late winter or early in the spring when the plants are still dormant. I cannot make the netting higher. Prune blackcurrants when dormant – from late autumn to late winter. Blackcurrant bushes fruit in abundance on the newer, younger shoots and for the first 2-3 years will fruit well without much intervention and minor pruning. A basic recipe involves one part currants and an equal amount of sugar with a splash of lemon juice. Easier to Harvest which should then be cut down to stimulate new stems at... blueberries long! Ever a problem centre pruning, centre pruning, base pruning or selected hand pruning trees! Shrub that produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries or even grow of! Before they should be about 15 years before they should be about years! Remove weak shoots and low ones leaning towards the ground have a year. 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