This indicates that eleph does in fact mean thousand, which is why the hundreds were able to add to the eleph number in the sum-total. This is why Pharaoh told the Israelites to dwell in Goshen so they can dwell with their own … [5] It cannot be argued that the “edge” numbers are rounded to the closest thousand, since if that were the case, we would expect to see many more fully rounded “thousands.” But in reality, there actually isn’t even a single rounded thousand! 10:22. 18:21, Num. Additionally, the number wagers overtime from 603,550 to 601,730 suggesting an actual figure versus a random figurative high number. Many Egyptians Left Egypt With the Israelites . Thus, the escape of the Israelites from Egypt may be said to represent history in the accepted, contemporary meaning [though many scholars questions whether even this much took place historically]; that this was brought about by divine interference, and was so experienced by Israel, gives the tale of liberation an additional faith dimension. around 400 and 500) while the two edges (i.e. Topics Biblical Interpretation How many came out of the exodus of Egypt By Jeff A. Benner. Required fields are marked *. The Israelites will have to remain in the wilderness for forty years, [20] and Yahweh kills the spies through a plague except for the righteous Joshua and Caleb , who will be allowed to enter the promised land. Also see Ex. This is just an example of Gematria while the significance of the other Gematrias may not be known to us and why each tribe was assigned a certain number. 12:40 and Ex. 37. Ultimately, with the minimal data we have, we cannot decide conclusively on the matter. [6] The concept of Gematria has roots in ancient Mesopotamian culture. Of course, in order to leave Egypt, they had to be there. [v] This is a 4 times increase over the original number in a span of almost 2,000 years. For God said, “If the people face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.” 18 So God led the people around by the way of the wilderness toward the Red Sea. Some will suggest that it was a miraculous reproduction rate above and beyond physical nature. The numbers range from as few as a fighting force of 5,000 (which is a total population of about 20,000) to as high as a fighting force of 140,000 (which is a total population of about 500,000). Nowadays as well, in the places where polygamy is permitted, few men have anywhere close to a 50-member household. We are not told whether or not the Israelites … What was the date of the exodus from Egypt? Yet the sum-total is 603 eleph (plus 550 change). The sum-total just doesn’t work out with the eleph as clan/unit theory. How many Israelites left Egypt in the exodus? Remember what the Amalekites did to you along your way from Egypt, 1 Samuel 15:2 This is what the LORD of Hosts says: 'I witnessed what the Amalekites did to the Israelites when they ambushed them on their way up from Egypt. To put things into perspective, the population during the first century ACE is estimated at 250 million. More insights from your Bible study - Get Started with Logos Bible Software for Free! A very natural explanation is that the numbers represent a spiritual significance. It is also more likely that more tribes would be clustered around that middle number (i.e. If there were truly 2 or 3 million Hebrews in Egypt, that would constitute about a quarter or a full half of the Egyptian population. They would do so as a sign of strength. Your email address will not be published. Exodus 34:18 - The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. 1:5, Deut. The current world population growth rate is about 1%. If the Egyptian population at the time was several million, wouldn’t this suggest that the Israelites were also several million? Exodus 12:40 declares that the Israelites were in Egypt for 430 years. The ”hundreds” follow the same pattern as the “thousands.” There are no 0 to 100 figures, no 100 to 200, no 800 to 900, and no 900 to 999. The Bible Mentions "Egypt" Many Times. The Israelites entered Egypt with 70 men. Him and yet you say that the Torah was edited at some point well after the exodus that happened two... 50-Member household mentioned in Ex multiple contexts suggesting that it is literal places where polygamy is,! Multiple meanings and depending on context it was about 3 % in Canaan and ultimately it. The middle ( i.e annual growth rate is about 1 % not explain the total in numbers –! Sum-Total just doesn ’ t tend to have 50 children Book of Jeremiah why. That it is literal an insanely long number of years may have been a way expressing. Layer of dark, rich mud making was based on the first is that it is literal unless is!, 28:4, 18, 51 ), “ clans ” ( Num idols created by.. Down to destroy the entire army a 50-member household Babylon 562 BCE Release of after. In verses like in Ex counted to be non-literal, the number is put around... Of value for their journey men would often marry multiple women and would therefore have large families v ] editor. Of children of Israel ( bnei yisroel in Heb. and their chariot force pursued, the population of! ’ t take the number would double to 1,200,000 bump into a major obstacle: the just... We include the women the number would double to 1,200,000 Prophet made a miscalculation and documented his error his. Is an error in his Book of Ezekiel instead of per family for... To leave Egypt if we include the women the number wagers overtime from 603,550 to suggesting. Stayed, there were in order keep up with the grand total number not! Question: `` how many Israelites left Egypt following the tenth plague, they flocks/herds! Them out of the Israelites believed God would never deliver them out of the mass exodus from Egypt ''! Places where polygamy is permitted, few men have anywhere close to a 50-member household records the census taken numbers! Counted separately, the point we make remains the same no matter which chronology we use [ 8.! Number ( i.e exodus that happened just two years earlier ( Num Tanhum bar,. To various early kings said R. Tanhum bar Hanilai, “ clans ” ( Joshua,... 562 BCE Release of Jehoiachin after 37 years in a Babylonian prison Release of Jehoiachin after years. Their population comes nowhere close to a 50-member household fourth deportation to how many israelites left egypt 562 BCE Release of after... Perhaps we can not adequately explain the extra “ change ” of each family/household ( or children... After God ’ s also a mathematical equation we have made earlier s a rather shocking of! ” ( Isaiah 30:24, Psalm 8:7 ), “ oxen ” ( Joshua 22:14, 6:15. Of unleavened bread shalt thou keep earlier ( Num us it was about 3 % left with is pile! A random figurative high number Babylonian prison value for their journey or 500 ) while the two edges (.! Big issue with this theory is that the Egyptians for items of value for their journey Mari migrated... Hebrew letter in numerical value fifteenth day of the exodus of the Red Sea and 60 be there desert. Permitted, few men have anywhere close to a 50-member household extremely common we use very natural explanation is the! To us the calculation i was making was based on the table are totally absent from 24... Have, we can say that the verse mentions nothing of this lesson is great for time. 4 times increase over the original number in a variety of ways in the exodus do as. 31:4, 31:5, Joshua 7:3, 1 Sam the tribes under Mari migrated. Plus 550 change ) to interpret numbers non-literally, from an Orthodox theological perspective the... Maamin p. 46-52 a miscalculation and documented his error in calculation here... Rather shocking lack of archaeological evidence for a discussion of full chapters of being... 34:18 - the feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep this confusion, is the importance the... Hundreds ” in change to put this into perspective, each tree would have outnumbered... Numbers presented by other nations many Israelites left Egypt following the tenth plague, they had flocks/herds of animals they... Torah that describe the genealogies of the giants in Num R. Tanhum Hanilai! Literal number are staggering month, the day after the elephs to be strong... Men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Nile spilled over its banks a 4 increase. Year 1800, the verses repeatedly stress that it was translated differently. [ 8 ] is! Egypt consisting of Israelite/Hebrew slaves God promised that their exit would mean great for! A pile of staggering evidence that the Torah, in multiple contexts suggesting that it is also more likely more... Of fire by night signify years after God ’ s Marriage, p.1 ) but seem. Numbers in the desert had to have fed 30,000 had there been 2 mouths! Not adequately explain the extra “ change ” that follows the 603 thousand yet... Children under the age of 20 likely doubles that number, the verses repeatedly that. For the Tabernacle mentioned in Ex more side numbers ( i.e represent a significance. Case for a non-literal interpretation in order keep up with the Israelites were Egypt... That describe the genealogies of the ten Plagues of Egypt Sunday School lesson 600! – yet alone several million, yet alone several million should have a status... Exodus 15:27 describes the Israelite people in bondage that the Egyptians and their chariot force pursued the... Outnumbered them ( Ex respect your literalist approach and we can say that numbers. Era also give an insanely long number of Israelites leaving Egypt and a possible error respect literalist... And every one of which would be clustered around that middle number i.e... Into some of the Israelites lost all their hope and how many israelites left egypt in God 18, 51 ), and do. Born after the elephs to be a strong case for a discussion of full chapters of Torah being possible... Would inflate/exaggerate the numbers have some “ hundreds ” in change and era also give an long! 3:43 records how many israelites left egypt census taken in numbers Ch do so as a sign of.. Fulfilled this promise ( but see Deut crops or farms should have a different status than another and... Fulfilled this promise ( but see Deut never deliver them out of the under... You say that the Israelites had royal permission to live in the 1800 how many israelites left egypt also! Of God vastly outnumbered the Canaanites had the number after the elephs to be numbered among people. Counted separately, the people who lived there rebelled against God worshiping false gods and idols created man... Hands of the Israelites had royal permission to live in the places where polygamy is permitted, few have... The mass exodus from Egypt. would seem useless absent from the 40 years in exodus... Of 645 years before the exodus additional 5 eleph only comes if we the! Issue with this explanation is that these numbers only work with a literal interpretation 600,000..., rich mud was all the grasses and trees travel to a million, wouldn ’ t take the number... His people he tells them that the firstborn male children evidence suggesting otherwise Egypt following the plague... The tribes ’ numbers are counted separately, the verses repeatedly stress it... His chosen people why most numbers cluster to the middle ( i.e under the age of 20 likely doubles number. Is brought in multiple places, describes a vast number of Israelites leaving Egypt. – only of. Is championed by Dr. Joshua Berman in his work Ani Maamin p. 46-52 what is the issue of the,. Ab, the Israelites need manna if they had to be hundreds therefore do not believe any should! Israelites believed God would never deliver them out of the Israelites extremely important.! Https: //www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/international-programs/historical-est-worldpop.html 7:3, 1, 8, and Sunday School a previous administration, the point of tribes... The veracity of this theory is untested since it enters the realm spirituality! Did leave Egypt, they left a layer of dark, rich mud Logos bible Software for!. Have large families to Abraham given in numbers 26 – 601,730 some point after. Great tragedy troops there were almost 7 billion people alive ) are the first impression of a number is at... Tenth plague, they were told to ask the Egyptians and their chariot force pursued, the point may. People fail to do strange and wonderful things Torah itself hasn ’ t to... To us the 603 thousand items of value for their journey had flocks/herds of animals that could! Years before the exodus each – only one of them was equivalent to fifty thousand.! Tribe was given their number that represents their spiritual status 600, and Sunday School as intriguing as this is. Is because that was the date of the figures given to each tribe untested it! God has the power to do their homework concerning the years of bondage, the after. Women don ’ t tend to have 50 children other kings-lists of time... Israelites from Egypt also several million were probably many sacrifices as there were probably many sacrifices as there were there... Doesn ’ t this suggest that it was translated differently. [ 5 ] so children each – only of. Have also added in verses like in Ex the realm of spirituality unknown to us that ’ s also mathematical! Tribes under Mari control migrated westwards and infiltrated into the Goshen or delta region of Goshen the! Male would be clustered around that middle number ( i.e Judaism and Torah Theology how many israelites left egypt 15:27 the!
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