According to scholars, when a sentence is repeated by reversing it, so as to convey an idea or stress a point, it is called chiasmus. As nouns the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole is that chiasmus is (rhetoric) an inversion of the relationship between the elements of phrases while antimetabole is (rhetoric) the technique of reversal, where accentuated by reversal of words, actions or grammatical structure. In Plato s Timaeus, it is explained that; C minor also use arch form. John F. Kennedy, Before I got married I had six theories about bringing up children; now I have six children, and no theories. I always find it fascinating to have these rhetorical terms spelled out and labeled, since they are things that I've used myself, but have never really thought of as something you could quantify. Antithesis and chiasmus require careful punctuation and delivery. Antimetabole is very similar to chiasmus, but the words and grammatical structure must be reversed, since simply reversing the meaning is not enough. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3d0281-MThiN A Chiasmus is different from antimetabole. Here’s a quick and simple definition:Some additional key details about antimetabole: 1. Mae West, in Every Day’s a Holiday (1937), I am a marvellous housekeeper. Chris Addison, It is better to be looked over than overlooked. "Eat to live, not live to eat", while under the broader rules of chiasmus, synonyms can be used instead to convey the meaning, e.g. They say the movies should be more like life. The clauses are rhythmic and grind against each other nicely. Quick question about Synchesis vs Chiasmus I don't usually have a hard time grasping rhetorical devices, but one specific example on a practice NLE I took left me scratching my head. So, a latter phrase might be a much longer elaboration of the preceding phrase that it echoes. I think life should be more like the movies. There is much confusion about the difference between the literary devices of antimetabole and chiasmus. As nouns the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole Chiasmus: inversion in the second of two parallel phrases (e.g. Scholars generally know that chiasmus occurs when a phrase is repeated, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an action. Scholars generally know that chiasmus occurs when a phrase is repeated, but reversed, to make a point or emphasize an action. Knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true. ), It’s probably better to have him inside the tent pissing out, than outside the tent pissing in. Knowing this, scholars may discover that all instances of antimetabole are also chiasmus, but the reverse is not always true. Chiasmus derives from the Greek for \"a placing crosswise, diagonal arrangement.\" I mean the ones where someone says something like "All artists are children and vice versa" instead of saying "all artists are children and all children are artists.". Anadiplosis is closely related to two other literary devices: Chiasmus and Antimetabole. 3. It is related to, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus. One lasting example of this is John F. Kennedy’s famous phrase “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.”. “If you can’t be with the one you love, love the one you’re with.” Stephen Stills sang this line in 1970 and it is an example of a rhetorical device known as Chiasmus. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The only requirement of a chiastic phrase is that the two clauses within the sentence must have opposite meanings. 1. words Chiasmus should not be confused with a subtype of this scheme, antimetabole which also involves a reversal of grammatical structures in successive speaker I mean everyone has used those phrases, like "I say what I mean and I mean what I say". What Are the Different Uses for Chiasmus. The Roman rhetorician Quintilian identified antimetabole as a type of antithesis. These three devices are sometimes confused and can even be used concurrently in writing. The difference between antimetabole and chiasmus can be difficult to define. Pat DuPre, on Wimbledon weather, Greater love hath no man than this, that he lay down his friends for his life. This quote sound like it comes from the 20th century at the earliest. “You stood up for America, now America must stand up for you.” "With mind on my money and money on my mind." Antimetabole is tricky to use: it can be moving, memorable, and persuasive, but it can also feel trite and predictable if used poorly. I believe she might have been the one who said that about the frontal lobotomy. The Difference between a Chiasmus & an Antimetabole The following is a technical explanation, concerning rhetorical devices, on the difference between an ordinary chiasmus, and an antimetabole. Some rhetorical glossaries distinguish between chiasmus (diagonal arrangement of ideas and grammar) and antimetabole (diagonal arrangement of exact words). That phrase of Kennedy's was a great inspiration to me when I was volunteering overseas. Generally, chiasmus and antimetabole are regarded by many critics as similar tools of rhetoric. Antimetabole appears in a wide variety of contexts, from jokes and idioms to political speeches and literature. In examples of chiasmus, however, the words and phrases are not repeated. Dorothy Parker, Many a man owes his success to his first wife and his second wife to his success. Anyway, I don’t want to get too bogged down in all the technical stuff. From my online research, I conclude that "antimetabole" is a particular kind of "chiasmus", relying on the use of identical, though reversed, wording in the two halves of the sentence, e.g. Chiasmus is related to the figure of speech antimetabole. In context|rhetoric|lang=en terms the difference between chiasmus and antimetabole is that chiasmus is (rhetoric) an inversion of the relationship between the elements of phrases while antimetabole is (rhetoric) the technique of reversal, where accentuated by reversal of words, actions or grammatical structure. One example is Mae West’s catchphrase, “It’s not the men in my life, it’s the life in my men." Richard Lederer, This isn’t a bar for writers with a drinking problem; it’s for drinkers with a writing problem. If everyone did as much as they could for their country, and their fellow citizens, rather than trying to amass wealth and prestige for themselves, we'd live in a better world and have more to be proud of. Here, the exact same words, grammatical structure, and rhythm are used create the second clause with the opposite meaning. However, both the terms still exist to refer to two distinct literary devices. Chiasmus and antimetabole are very similar rhetorical devices, but the two words are not synonyms. Mae West, in Belle of the Nineties (1934), Recreational wordplayers wonder why we drive on a parkway and park on a driveway. The restrictive rules for antimetabole make it much harder to use in longer works than chiasmus. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. Chiasmus and antimetabole are two very closely related literary devices. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Antimetabole is a figure of speech, used in written work, speeches, poetry and advertisements. Chiasmus does not feature repeating words; rather it involves two phrases, where the second phrase is merely a conceptual inversion of the first one. Antimetabole and chiasmus are very closely related, and some experts even use them interchangeably. For instance, Havelock Ellis’s famous quote, “Charm is a woman’s strength, strength is a man’s charm,” is an example of chiasmus only. 3 Recurrent Rhetorical Devices: Uses and Examples | Crave to know, Last post of the season and my summer reading, The story behind the song #3: Cortez the killer, My favourite rhetorical devices #1 Chiasmus & Antimetabole. Its use in English literature is often a callback to those ancient origins, but just as often, it's used as a simple way to add emphasis to a particular pair of phrases. 'Why not literary and rhetorical device used for structures in which a phrase is that the two clauses the... 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