Chinese food contains roughly 8 different cuisines, Cantonese is just one of them. The same is true of Macau. Cantonese cuisine is from Guangdong province of China, it includes Hakka cuisine, Chaochau cuisine, Shunde cuisine, Guangzhou / Hong Kong cuisine and each cuisine has its significant dishes, for example, Yum Cha Dim sum, Sweet and Sour pork or steamed spare-ribs with pickled plum & soy bean paste, are from Guangzhou & Hong Kong cuisines, while baked salty chicken, steamed minced pork topped on tofu cubes are from Hakka cuisine, cuttle fish balls noodles, double boiled chicken & shark fin's soup, stir fried marinated chicken dices serve with deep fried basil leaves are from Chaochau cuisine. will be closed for decoration during the following period: 2 July (Monday) to 15 July (Sunday), 2018. How to Beat the Language Barrier in China, There's No Such Thing as a "Chinese" Language, What You Need to Know Before You Visit Guangzhou, Why Traveling Between Hong Kong and China Is Complicated, The 10 Best Electronic Translators of 2020, Why You Shouldn't be Scared of Asia's Wet Markets, Dragon Boat Racing in Hong Kong Gave Me a Sense of Peace, Community, and Stability, How to Say Hello in 10 Different Asian Languages, A Guide to Lantau Island, Hong Kong's Biggest Island, Getting Around Macao: Guide to Public Transportation. so call the mandarin food is a very general term. If you're feeling particularly bold and plan to learn both languages, it is claimed that it's easier to learn Mandarin first and then build up to Cantonese. Mandarin is also the main dialect in Taiwan and Singapore. Even the Cantonese chefs using quite a lot of different seasonings, sauces, spices or herbs, they usually use modest amounts of seasonings to avoid overwhelming the flavours of the ingredients. As an official spoken “dialect”, Mandarin is widely used in Mainland China, Taiwan area and Singapore. Cantonese (and other dialects) vs Mandarin: what’s the real situation in China? Your idea about Cantonese food is wrong because it is not famous for hot and spicy food, the hot and spicy one should, Cantonese Cuisine Both Cantonese and Mandarin are dialects of the Chinese language, and both are spoken widely in mainland China. Mandarin and Cantonese are both spoken varieties of Chinese. However, these languages have major differences that depend on a variety of aspects. Check out ChineseClass101: https://langfocus.com/Chineseclass101. Cracking the tones are said to be the hardest part of learning Chinese. 1. Cantonese or Yue cuisine is the cuisine of the Guangdong province of China, particularly the provincial capital, Guangzhou and the surrounding regions in the Pearl River Delta, including Hong Kong and Macau. China is a big country, people in the north, west and areas around Yellow River mainly consume wheat products, eg. As Canton (now known as Guangzhou) Guangzhou is very near to the Peal River Delta therefore in the 18th century a lot of Cantonese immagrated to South East Asia & North America, they opened restaurants, laundary shops, etc., they brought their home cooking styles to foreign countries and nowadays most Chinese restaurants in western countries mainly provide Cantonese cuisine and most of the Head chefs of these restaurants are trained in Hong Kong or Singapore. Cantonese has six tones, whereas Mandarin has just four. However, even amongst these communities, it is becoming more popular to learn Mandarin as a second language. The Chinese language has a variation of dialects, usually pertaining to regions. Winnie. noodles, steamed buns or different kinds of pan fried pancakes in their daily diets, while people in the southern part of China or area near to the Yangtze river mainly consume rice (in different ways such as steamed rice, congee, dumplings made of rice flour) in their daily diets. 4. What a lot of people don’t realize, however, is that it’s highly variable depending on the region in question. Just to illustrate how Chinese can differ between dialects we’ve taken three of the most common dialects below and shown you how they are read in these dialects. Mandarin is also the main dialect in Taiwan and Singapore. In this post, I’ll call them languages or language varieties. There are some phrases specific to each language. Cantonese is specifically targeted to HK audience only. These are the major styles you can find in the United States. It's estimated that around half of Hong Kongers can speak Mandarin, but this is due to the necessity of doing business with China. The benefit of Mandarin is that while not everybody speaks it, there will usually be somebody nearby who does. Although each region has its own dialects, Mandarin is widely spoken throughout Mainland China and Taiwan, especially by the younger generations and also for governmental affairs. Mandarin only has 4. 2. sichuan/hunan style. The most commonly-found regional cuisines in the U.S. are Cantonese, Szechuan and Hunan. I am also learning Cantonese, and living in Hong Kong for the immersion. Mandarin vs. Cantonese A Quick Comparison Between The Two Most Spoken Chinese Varieties . Cantonese is often described as a dialect of mandarin, but the fact that there are glarin… The rising educational preference for Mandarin at the expense of Cantonese is causing anger and anxiety among Hong Kong residents, 20 years … Mandarin is the official state language of China and is the lingua franca of the country. 3. shanghai style. Cantonese is simply a predominantly spoken language. Because China’s writing system is so old, the characters aren’t necessarily tied to the pronunciation of any one dialect. In truth, such is the complexity of written Chinese that some office workers will use basic English to communicate by email, while most schools teaching Chinese focus on the verbal language rather than reading and writing. Although not as defined as Mandarin, Cantonese has nine tones compared to mandarin's four. It's hardly surprising that Cantonese cooking was the first Chinese regional cuisine to take hold in the United States. As far as the taste and spices used in each region I'm not sure what the difference is. We have to clarify that Mandarin or Cantonese is not Chinese because there are several Chinese languages and dialects. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. Cantonese vs. Mandarin, what’s the difference? Looking at the population of Cantonese vs. Mandarin speakers, we can see that Mandarin is far more commonly spoken. There are many more speakers of Mandarin than there are of Cantonese. Whether you define them as languages in their own right or Chinese dialects is a debate of its own. Your idea about Cantonese food is wrong because it is not famous for hot and spicy food, the hot and spicy one should be Szechuan Cuisine. This is especially true in Tibet, northern regions near Mongolia and Korea and Xinjiang. Your idea about Cantonese food is wrong because it is not famous for hot and spicy food, the hot and spicy one should be Szechuan Cuisine. Mandarin in China. If you've never studied Chinese, the sheer number of different dialects may be overwhelming. While many Hong Kongers are now learning Mandarin as a second language, they will, for the most part, not speak the language. In my opinion, the best bet is to ask the wait staff for recommendations because different restaurants have different significant dishes. Children in China are taught Mandarin in school and Mandarin is the language for national TV and radio so fluency is fast increasing. Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore continue to use traditional Chinese that have more complex brushstrokes. No. Chinese vs Cantonese. Both the Mandarin and Cantonese dialects are tonal languages where one word has many meanings depending on the pronunciation and intonation. Mandarin Vs Cantonese in Writing. For instance Cantonese food represents chinese food near hong kong, while shanghai food represent chinese food in shanghai which is a different geographical area of china. If you are a non-native speaker, Hong Kongers will certainly prefer to speak to you in English than in Mandarin. Brainscape: The Best Flashcards App | Make Flashcards Online For many of us, our first introduction to Chinese food came through dining at a restaurant featuring Cantonese cuisine. Chinese food, due to the sheer size of China and its population, has many regional varieties. Mandarin has 4 tones. What Is the Difference Between Mandarin and Cantonese? It was the first style of Chinese food brought to the United States and is what you may be familiar with when ordering at restaurants. In Mainland China, we don’t have this exact word. M ANDARIN (Pu Tong Hua) is the Official SPOKEN Chinese language used by the majority of people in Mainland China, Taiwan (and Singapore), covering over 75% … 现在 不要 给 我 打 电话. Cantonese Vs Mandarin: Distinct Spoken Languages, Same Writing System. The difference between Chinese and Cantonese food. Please note that Imperial Palace Restaruant & Even Centre As two major languages spoken in China, the difference between Mandarin and Cantonese is very interesting topic to a linguist. However, it is one of the five major languages in mainland China that also includes Cantonese language. You've probably noticed that the sounds of Cantonese and Mandarin are quite different, but there are many similarities, especially when it comes to characters and grammar. The advice above is largely true in Macau as well, although locals there are a little less sensitive to speaking Mandarin. That’s not to say that learning Cantonese is a waste of time, and for some people, it may be the better choice, but for most people wanting to speak "Chinese", Mandarin is the way to go. Mandarin vs. Cantonese: They are two SPOKEN styles/dialects of Chinese language. Thank you very much for your understanding, and we look forward to welcoming you soon. If you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. The difference between Chinese and Cantonese food raw fresh water fish's skin with ginger and green onion salad or thinly sliced raw fresh water fish fillet or raw fresh water shrimps with dipping sauce), Cantonese chefs prefer to keep the natural flavours of the ingredients and using mild seasonings or marinades so that the finished dish should be well balanced and not greasy. Yum cha is a term in Cantonese which means "drinking tea". Cantonese is being spoken by fewer children and teenagers in Guangzhou, with locals and defenders of Cantonese heritage concerned that middle-aged and older Cantonese … Cantonese and Mandarin are written in the same way, though Cantonese favors traditional Chinese characters rather than simplified. Both Cantonese and Mandarin share the Chinese alphabet, but even here there is some diversion. It’s a question asked by many, if not all who are unfamiliar with Chinese culture. China increasingly uses simplified characters that rely on simpler brushstrokes and a smaller collection of symbols. The diagram below was created to help you understand a little better how various dialects relate to the Chinese language as a whole. In much of the country, it is the primary spoken language, including Beijing and Shanghai, although many provinces still retain their own local dialect. For information please email us at info@imperialpalace.co.nz. Cantonese has 9. Both languages have different tones, but the use of tones in Cantonese is even more challenging due to it having between 6 and 9 different tones. You might consider learning Cantonese if you intend to settle in Hong Kong for a prolonged period of time. Peking style - i think this is so call the mandarin style in the U.S. Hainanese Chicken Rice SUPER USEFUL – Key Phrases in Mandarin, Shanghainese and Cantonese. Many other regions in China will also speak their regional language natively and knowledge of Mandarin may be patchy. The most popular, and thus most widely used Chinese dialect within mainland China, is Mandarin. Strictly speaking, Cantonese cuisine is the cuisine of Guangzhou or of Cantonese speakers, but it often includes the cooking styles of all the speakers of Yue Chinese languages in Guangdong. Mandarin is the official state language of China and is the lingua franca of the country. As someone whose family hails from the southern Cantonese region of China, here are ten foods you definitely need to be eating from my motherland. Cantonese is a language within the Chinese language family originating from the city of Guangzhou (also known as Canton) and its surrounding area in Southeastern China.It is the traditional prestige variety of the Yue Chinese dialect group, which has over 80 million native speakers. Around 90% percent of Hong Kongers still use Cantonese as their first language and there is some resentment at attempts by the Chinese government to push Mandarin. They share the same base alphabet, but as a spoken language they are distinct and not mutually intelligible. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. After all, the original Chinese immigrants were mainly Cantonese coming to work on the railroads in the 1800's. Regional dialects. Cantonese is known as a more difficult language to learn compared to Mandarin. The official language of China is mandarin, which is one of the few official languages at UN also. 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