These ecoregions face a major threat from human interference in form of agriculture, poaching, and human encroachment. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. This has in turn affected the population of larger mammal species such as elephant (Loxodonta Africana), the wild dog, leopard, and cheetah. 2005. For example, pastoralists are not allowed to cut trees, which are considered to be of very high value, but instead feed their livestock on other available resources such as bush and grass. endstream endobj startxref As a result, intact vegetation is fragmented and far spaced in the woodland/grass complex. Mixed grazing by different species of ruminants reduces health risks from parasitism, while diverse local species Over hunting and poaching for trophies has also become rampant in recent years creating a new threat to the animal species. Prior to my arrival, a group of researchers from METU University conducted a study on the socioeconomic characteristics, wildlife and flora of the forest. The local populations offer the main threat to this ecoregion through their grazing and herding activities. 1385-1399. Each layer is occupied by different characteristic species such as emergent trees of Pouteria adolfi–friederici and Afrocarpus falcatus in the upper canopy. Genre Maps. It is landlocked. Other ecological systems include Sahelian Acacia savanna, Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands and Ethiopian montane moorlands. Download Free Ethiopia ArcGIS Shapefile Map Layers--Free GIS Maps & ArcGIS Shapefiles--Download Free World ArcGIS ShapefilesBuildings (1.5m zip file). Ethiopia’s elevation ranges from 110m below sea level to over 5,000m above sea level and it has more than 30 agro-ecological zones, making it one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Natural Features (700k zip file). Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa. In lower right corner, "Prepared by the NRMRD, MoA. The local communities and pastoralists come up with regulations aimed at efficient and sustainable use of resources. Vol. �v^�R��*EY�J��P�4T�P���f>�I1ì���_�sX�M��b��il�!>���r��.�p�p��0l�E@�W8� Agroecology (a-grō-ē-ˈkä-lə-jē) is an applied science that studies ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. Overview of the composition of three sheets of the agroecological map of Ethiopia.....15 Figure 6. ?q��c��[a��e���".��D�i5�&jf The tall elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is also common in this wooded savanna ecosystem. This savanna ecosystem is still intact in terms of original woodland habitats in comparison to the West Sudanian savanna which is very much affected and degraded. the habitat has been greatly affected by human activities such as agriculture, fire, charcoal burning, and wood clearance. 4, no .1, pp. %PDF-1.6 %���� The main threat is posed by human activities in the form of pastoral grazing, coffee and tea plantations and timber extraction. This ecosystem is an important source of timber, non-forest timber products, fuelwood, household materials, pasture and agricultural use. %%EOF factors to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture. Such information provides the basis for advanced applications such as land degradation assessment, livestock productivity modelling, population support capacity assessment and land-use optimization modelling. Global Agro-ecological Zones I I A S A International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis GAEZ ver 3.0 Global Agro-ecological Zones Model Documentation D o c u m e n t a t i o n The study aims to assess trends in extremes of surface temperature and precipitation through the application of the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on datasets representing three agroecological zones in Southern Ethiopia. This ecosystem is found in low altitudes of between 200m and 1000m which is topographically flat. Nonparametric Sen’s slope estimator and Mann–Kendall’s trend tests are used to detect the magnitude and statistical significance of changes in … 51. As coffee is a commercial crop, it became one of the best sources of foreign currency and the people in Sidama became very interested in large scale coffee production. The country has a wide range of agro-ecological zones reflecting the wide variation in rainfall (both quantity and distribution) temperature, altitude, topography and soils. The montane forest ecosystem is made up of high forests of the country mainly found in the southwest forest areas and the humid forest of the southeastern plateau (Herrena forest).These forests are the wettest and most humid. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. ��w����C�_�?��v=��:�����C�� B���lk�h�r�k}\�G|�-�fSso��7>�3f�`��r{/B;�o��p�Oh�0�G�;|���|Շz�Nn��ߟ/�`H�����z�6W�,p����R�4�j�����ev�)t��/�k���2?E�|�7l��l~2yq�m�b^��t�wc���A�j����a ��x5����1l>�y�q����q;v=�����. Discover (and save!) In Ethiopia, coffee originated in Keffa Zone, also in the SNNP region. Comparative reproductive performance evaluation of Holstein Friesian cattle breeds in two different agro ecological conditions, Oromia region, Ethiopia Volume 58 Destaw Worku (a1) , Kefyalew Alemayehu (a2) and Mussie H/Melekote (a2) Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa, with over 100 million2 residents. Also, the results of LULC change analyses are important tools for decision-makers, land planners, and local communities to formulate appropriate land management policies and strategies ( Desalegn et al., 2014 ; Kamusoko … ���:�X�A��x�k�е���� The study area lies between 8°00’ to 10°00’ N and 36°00’ to 37°50’E and the elevation range from 1200 m to 3200 m (Figure 1).The east Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agroclimatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) []. By Andrew Mwaniki on April 25 2017 in Environment. It is the most arable land in Ethiopia and hence very populated. This study, therefore, seeks to analyze the determinants of choices of adaptation strate-gies to climate change by sheep and goat farmers in the Southern and Central Tigray Zones, North Ethiopia. Source. This ecoregion covers two of the major Ethiopian mountain massifs (Eastern and Western) and separated partly by the Great Rift Valley. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. sndegr:14 13 12 11 10 09 08. wedegr:43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35. It is bounded by Sudan to the west, Eritrea to the north and Kenya to the south. IIASA/FAO, 2010. This layer is not currently used in any maps. This leaves the Bale National Park region as the only place in this ecoregion that has intact vegetation types. Gebrehiwot B and Maryo M 2015, ‘Evaluation of land use patterns across agro-ecological and slope classes using gis and remote sensing: The Case of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia’, International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS, vol. Jun 10, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Christopher Tribe. Northern Sheet. 0 Major Agro-ecological Zones of Ethiopia. Crops can be grouped into high and low external inputs 5. Create a map using this layer. Waterways (2.8m zip file). h�b```"[f�7B cB� �!�!�.%���`vḂ�″���,썌 =,����c^�;�'x���h���M0�`�ϼ��[7V݃&�=b �� >�| �I�ᤃ� Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa. This Region has agro-ecological, agricultural, and socio-cultural similarities with Sidama Region. Agro ecological zones (AEZs) have greatest influence on crop growth due to variabilities of weather and soil conditions (FAO, 1978). Roads (11.6m zip file). your own Pins on Pinterest All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands, Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands, Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets, Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets. The subsistence farming and high population density of 100-400 people per square kilometer have made this ecosystem to be in a critical conservation status. 23, No. Information on agro-ecological distribution of crops is important in controlling and regulating the distribution of external inputs 6. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria and FAO, Rome, Italy. The Mann Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator were used to examine the trends and slope of changes in climate indices. (FAO 1996).The essential elements in defining an agro-ecological zone are the growing period, temperature regime and soil mapping unit. Classifications Library of Congress S473.E8 A43 2000 The Physical Object Pagination iii, 129 p. ; … It is bounded by Sudan to the west, Eritrea to the north and Kenya to the south. M�V��)�>s�P$3Q3s�̙3fB �[[� C[��9P��!$�6��$*x�4s���� t� �L��,Nʿ��ȱ,W��[d�����e�-�Ҝ�+���������'@� Qt7 The three villages in this study are situated directly within the agro-ecological landscape and the vast majority (>90%) of the population of each village lives in households engaged in subsistence agriculture of mixed crop and livestock farming systems. Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. ecological and socio-economic resilience, including by creating new market opportunities. Zerihun Woldu (1999): Vegetation map of Ethiopia. Agro-ecological zones map of Eritrea. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used as a science, a movement, or an agricultural practice. The forest is stratified into four different layers known as the upper canopy, sub-canopy, shrub layer and the ground layer. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. I was here with the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA) to carry out a participatory mapping of the Nono Sele Wereda to explore what kinds of agroecological projects could take place here. Outputs of core applications include maps showing agro-ecological zones and land suitability, and quantitative estimates on potential crop areas, yields and production. Biogas Production Using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Soil Fertility Management. This forest ecosystem is also distinguished by the growing epiphytes such as Canarina, Orchids and fern plants. For example, crop and animal diversity reduces the risk of failure in the face of climate change. Agro ecological Zones of Ethiopia, Natural Resource Management and Regulatory Department, Addis Ababa. It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. Agricultural ecology > Ethiopia > Maps. Description of the study area. This poses a threat to this ecosystem due to human activities and modification. Landuse (1.1m zip file). h�bbd``b`�Y@�q3�`��� �P ��H�?g`bd�R�����ϐ� � ^�� It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. Agro-ecological Zonation of Ethiopia. 372 0 obj <>stream Global Agro-ecological Zones (GAEZ v3.0). Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 129). Agro-Ecological Belts. The agro-ecological belt maps of Ethiopia shows that most of Bahar Dar area is part of the Dega Weyna belt. ... Map of the study area. Ethiopia. Map 1 shows Ethiopia with its administrative regions and zones. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. The East Sudanian savanna is hot and dry and composed of wooded savanna vegetation types such as Terminalia and Combretum shrub and tree species. Methods Description of … Ethiopia > Maps. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnic based regions plus the capital, Addis Ababa and the city administration of Dire Dawa. of each adaptation method used by each farmer located at each agro-ecological zone. Vertical occurrence of major agricultural rainfed crops (left) and resulting Agro- ecological Belts (AB, right side) representing MAZ of Ethiopia.....16 Figure 7. : Soil Conservation Research Programme (SCRP ... Country:ET. Bibliographic information. Ethiopia is twice the size of France and shares borders with Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan. hޔT�n�8��Ő/Pȥ��ۅ�6E�m��%�$�I��C:I�n��>���\G�� Using gridded daily temperature and rainfall data covering 30 years (1988–2017), this study investigates trends in rainfall, temperature, and extreme events in three agro-ecological settings in central Ethiopia. Railways (50k zip file). Figure 5. endstream endobj 357 0 obj <> endobj 358 0 obj <>/Rotate 90/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 359 0 obj <>stream Publication date 2001 Map Data Scale 1:2,000,000. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. New-ID: NBI16 Agro-ecological zones datasets is made up of AEZBLL08, AEZBLL09, AEZBLL10. 364 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6517715473D5C64AA22F37E5A4D386DC>]/Index[356 17]/Info 355 0 R/Length 59/Prev 869045/Root 357 0 R/Size 373/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Livestock Research for Rural Development. ) Studies of agro-ecological based watershed–specific LULC changes are vital for better land use planning and land resource management to control land degradation. Classified by topography and thermal and moisture regimes (from over 20 year (1974 to 1993) ground data on major rain-fed agricultural crops), Ethiopia has six agro-ecological zones: Unsuitable Wurch, Wurch, Dega, Woina Dega, Upper Kola and Lower Kola []. Language English ... Maps using this layer. Legend Data provider: David Lubin Memorial Library, Food and Agriculture Organization of the U. N. The FAO Library provides access to its bibliographic resources through the FAO Library Discovery interface, using the EBSCO discovery tool technology. It is a landlocked country, with a total land mass of 1.1 million km2. �{�e;? Note Includes agroecological zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network. Agro-ecological mapping of livestock systems in smallholder crop-livestock mixed farming of Wolaita and Dawuro districts, Southern Ethiopia. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia This edition published in 2000 by The Dept. in Addis Ababa. Points of Interest (110k zip file). Forestry, Land Use and Soil Conservation Department. has been cited by the following article: Article. Importantly affected by altitude, Ethiopia’s climate is mainly of the tropical monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation. This map was compiled from the following main sources imagery interpretation of 71 frames of landsat sattelite imagery (mainly covering the period 1973 to 1976) , field traverses, existing publications, reports and maps concerning Ethiopia, and agro-climatic information generated by the “Assistance to Land use Planning project” ETH/78/003. It is biologically rich and has endemic species such as Walia ibex (Capra walie) and the endangered mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni). Publisher: Addis Abeba. Places (430k zip file). Of the 18 agro-ecological zones, 11 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74% of the country, were selected and total of 1000 farmers from 50 districts were interviewed. "March, 1998." MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development).1998-2011. Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) 2000. MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). 356 0 obj <> endobj Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. 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