Literally ‘Varna’ means colour and originates from the world ‘Vri’ meaning the choice of one’s occupation. 2. Thus, caste … If varna was bad, jati or caste made the system worse. I believe that Caste system that is present in the current indian society is based on BIRTH and is man-made. In the Mahabharata there is a mention of Devaki, Sidhudip and and Vithavya becoming Brahamans, and there are similar instances in the Bhagwat Purana. The Varna system was a flexible and changing system. Now this is from the Purusha Sukta, and Purusha in the Vedas you can view as this cosmic being, but they anthropomorphize this being, making it seem or making an analogy with a human body. TOS 7. Castes also have many subdivisions known as sub-castes. Varna was decided by karma, not by birth. The Varna system was based upon a transcendent ideal of human unity in the Divine, not an effort to give power and domination to one section of society. The Bramhin, Kshyatriya, Vaishya, and Sudra are referred to as Varna … Within each varna there were divisions and sub-divisions and each one of them came to represent a caste (jati) or a sub-caste. - The lower caste people who are going to convert in different religions leaving Hinduism. The word Shetty is derived from from the Sanskrit word Shresthin (श्रेष्ठिन्), the same source gives rise to Seth (सेठ) of North india and Chettiar (செட்டியார்) of Tamil Nadu. Varna-class correlation is mostly positive. What is Varna after all? There is no caste system in Hinduism but a Varna System. Varna system is free from socio-economic and political disabilities as well as restrictions. Risley, Ketan, Hutton, and Ghurye have named the following Characteristics of caste-. Whereas the caste system is a multilayered extension of the varna system. They differ in the work they do. Why we think caste system is bad. I understand the difference between the caste system and varna system. As nouns the difference between caste and varna is that caste is any of the hereditary social classes and subclasses of south asian societies while varna is (hinduism) any of the four original castes in hinduism, or the system of such castes. The Kshatriya Vishvamitra became by birth and Kshatriya by action. The western world is aware of the caste system that is prevalent in India, but they make the mistake of treating both Jati and Varna as the caste of an individual where the two terms are not synonymous. 6. 4. Prohibited Content 3. The religious explanation of the Varna system is derived from the Purushashukta and the Rig-Vedic hymn which describes the creation of priests (Brahmins) warriors (Kshatriyas) traders (Vaisyas) and menials (Sudras) from the mouth, arms, thighs and feet of the Creator respectively. Content Filtrations 6. Caste is fundamental of birth, Varna a fundamental of action. On the other hand, Rose has put the number of castes at 400, on the authority of Census reports. It is today the basis of affirmative action programmes in India. On the other hand, Varna means to select or choose. The Four Varna System reflects a deep ecological and yogic vision of social and universal unity very different from the divisive idea of caste by birth. Describe their characteristic features and critically examine the references available in Hindu Shastras in this connection. i) It is fundamental in birth. iv) The conduct of most castes is determined. Varna divisions were based on individual temperament and their intrinsic nature which are immutable. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. NOTE(Read the below for a basic guide to the Indian social system): The caste system should not be confused with the varna system. Caste or ‘Jati’ originates from the root word ‘Jana’ which implies taking birth. The varna system is a form of an ancient social classification based on professions. Today the Jati system we justify by saying that Its actually varna system. Hinduism is composed of a caste, jati, system and class, varna, system (Rodrigues 132).According to Hindu myth, the four main varnas, compromising the brahmin or “priestly” class, the ksatriya or “warrior” class, the vaisya or “commoners” class, and the sudra or “servant” class (Rodrigues 146), originated from the body parts of a mythical deity, Purusa (Macdonell 240). Caste: 1. The segregation of people based on their Varna was intended to decongest the responsibilities of one’s life, preserve the purity of a caste… Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Caste, by contrast, is a concrete grouping based on ritualistic and occupational criteria. There are numerous examples of inter-Varna marriages in the Mahabharata. According to S. A Nigosian in World Religions, the caste system, “Is its (India) system of social stratification”(Nigosian 136). 7. ii) Members can not marry outside their own caste. The caste system imposes many restrictions on the members. The Caste System which is also known as varna-ashrama in Indian scriptures has been one of the most misrepresented, misinformed, misunderstood, and misused and the most maligned aspects of India. The Varna system was a flexible and changing system. In ancient India, society had a system of classification that was known as Varna vyavastha or system. 4. The same thing happened to Indra. There are many examples of change in Varna and Inter- Varna marriages during and even after Vedic period. 5. 5. Thus caste is based upon birth while Varna is on action. Report a Violation, Differences between Class and Caste Systems. NUMBER OF VARNA AND CASTE. Hinduism literature talks about four Varnas: Brahmin, Kashtriya, Vasya and Shudra and it is believed that all originated from Lord Brahma only. Varna system is free from socio-economic and political disabilities as well as restrictions. The Caste system is the social hierarchy in India. Thus, ‘caste system’ as a rigid hierarchical social institution with an embedded element of … Caste system is from Europe. Varna on the other hand belongs to Sanatana Dharma. A discussion of how varnas as described in the Rigveda and Bhagavad Gita relate to the notion of "caste" in modern India. Caste and Varnas are two separate concepts. Varna’s are only four in number i.e. Its membership cannot be assumed through any other medium. Caste System: Caste system is a system in which people are born to different castes and have to live in it all their lives. In the 10th mantra of the Rig Veda we find meaning that the Brahamans does the work of the mouth in giving knowledge. 2. Those who fall out of this system because of their grievous sins are ostracised as outcastes (untouchables) and considered outside the varna system. The caste system in ancient India had been executed and acknowledged during, and ever since, the Vedic period that thrived around 1500—1000 BCE. With the acquisition of talents and virtues, an individual may improve upon his previous status and vice-versa. Varna, any one of the four traditional social classes of India: the Brahman (priestly class), the Kshatriya (noble class), the Vaishya (commoner class), and the Shudra (servant class). Varna vyavastha (literally, the class system) remains one of the most interesting and debatable topics in the study of Vedic culture. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Some of the major differences between varna and caste are as follows: 1. The Varna system in Dharma-shastras divides society into four varnas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishya and Shudras). The Brahmins held the most force in Hindu society as clerics also called the otherworldly and scholarly pioneers of the general public. 3. Disclaimer 9. Hence Varna is concerned with one’s colour or occupation. The Caste framework is the social pecking order in India. Varna System is flexible while caste is a rigid one. Copyright 10. Occupational mobility is one of the biggest banes of the Caste system. Varnas are only four in numbers whereas Castes are large in numbers. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Each caste or sub-caste became a closed shop; it framed its own tyrannical rules; and violations were punished by exclusion or expulsion. The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Thus caste means birth. The Varna system was based upon a transcendent ideal of human unity in the Divine, not an effort to give power and domination to one section of society. It is based on a closed type of stratification. As regards the mobility pattern Varna’s are relatively flexible, compared with the castes. In this way, caste is determined at birth whereas Varna is acquired by a person according to his nature. Although Shantanu was a Kshatriya, he married low born satyavati. The Rigveda portrays the classes as coming forth from, respectively, the mouth, arms, thighs, and feet of the primeval person. Derived from Portuguese word ‘casta'. How is Varna system different from caste system. 3. Varna system is extensively discussed in Dharma-shastras. In the caste system an uneducated Brahman is respected while an educated Shudra is looked down upon. Castes are very large in number. 2. iii) In most mutual exchange of foodstuffs is restricted to the caste. Other Comparisons: What's the difference? Jati and Varna are classifications of the traditional Indian Society. Caste system is based on rigid principles and mobility in the ladder is checked. In the caste system special importance is given to birth rights and respect enjoyed on that account. Ans – Distinction between Varna and Caste : –, Write a short note on Gandhiji ideas on Trusteeship, Impact of Globalisation on Poverty Alleviation, Criminalization of Politics in India for UPSC, Vivekananda’s views on Universal Religion and Internationalism. Missed the previous lesson? 1. Class System: Class system refers to a system of stratification where individuals in society are divided into various classes based on … The peculiarity of the Hindu theory of social organisation is its Varna-asharm organisation. In the history of Dharma Shastra Shri P V Kane writes that the idea of Varna mainly lays emphasis on the ethical and intellectual capabilities of man. The concept of ‘caste’ and ‘caste System’ is often equated to the Hindu scriptural concept of ‘varna’, and it is alleged that the latter provides a religious basis and a justification for the former. vi) Almost all castes have their own laws the infringement of which leads to expulsion from castes. 5. Privacy Policy 8. The caste system does not promote democracy, since it severely limits equal opportunity to rise from an individual’s station: Class system does not act as a hindrance to democracy, since classification is based on education, social status, and the work one does. The Kshatriya is comparable to the arms because he defends society, the Shudra work like the feet. To unravel the complex issue of caste, it is important to differentiate between the caste system as practiced on the ground today and the religious system of Varna as envisaged by the Hindu ancestors. v) The castes believe their origin to be in some first person of God. Caste or ‘Jati’ originates from the root word ‘Jana’ which implies taking birth. Describe the varna and caste systems. Caste and Varna are two separate concepts. It is not limited to ancient India, it is still prevalent today. Since the Vedas remain an unraveled mystery even today due to the archaic Sanskrit in which they were composed, much of the ancient social history is derived from the extrapolation from the later history of Indian society. People who term caste discrimination as “Hindu” Evil, primarily base their argument around Varna system mentioned in Purush Sukta, given in Rigveda. The Kshatriya Vishvamitra became by birth and Kshatriya by action. The Varna organisation and Ashram organization are two separate organisations yet the two go together as they refer to the problems of nurture and nature of man. Now to see the basis of the Varna system in scripture I will start with this quote from the Rigveda. 1. 4. Varna and Caste are two different concepts which are erroneously considered as synonymous. Caste-class correlation is not always positive, There may be variations in the placement due to economic, political arid educational status of various groups. Thus, there were four Varnas. A Brahmana is respected under the Varna System only if he has acquired knowledge and imparts it to others. Many non-Hindus have this misconception that There is a caste system in Hinduism. The hierarchical pattern of Varna shows the concept of purity and pollution as the basis of division of society and placements of groups into higher and lower classes i.e. Varna may be described as an abstract classification of people of a mythical origin. There are regional variations mostly based on linguistic differences. - Its brings bad name to Hinduism all over world. Thus, caste is concerned with birth. >> If varna system is Not the Jati system than there would not be any problem. There are many examples of change in Varna and Inter- Varna marriages during and even after Vedic period. The difference in their literal meaning shows that Jati is evolved from a Sanskrit root ‘jaha’ meaning to be born. Varna system or Vedic caste system which later deteriorated into the modern caste system due to colonialism and misinterpretation, was natural and necessary for the proper functioning of the society. Kshatriya king Yayati married the Brahaman Devayani while Dushyant married Shakuntala. There is a vast difference in the number of Varna and caste. It speaks to a division of work dependent on inheritance legitimized by good and strict ideas. The most popular misconception about caste system is its alternative use with the concept of Varnas. Image Guidelines 5. 7. 7. Caste system forbids marriage among different castes, each caste considering marriage rigid if these are in the same caste itself. 6. Varna basically means inherent nature or स्वभाव. As regards the Shettys, they belong to the Vaishya Varna as per the Chaturvarna system. Vedas talks about varna system and not caste system which is currently practiced in India. In the Padma Purana we have a mention of low born Vyas and Vaishya Vashistha becoming Brahamans. Varna System is flexible while caste is a rigid one. The Hindu theory of social organisation has referred to varnashram organisation, where Varna and the ashram organisations are perceived as two separate organisations. This article attempts to highlight the differences between Jati and … Literal Distinction – Caste and Varna are completely different from each other. Difference between Caste and Varna! I have no idea about the Gowdas. The Four Varna system of ancient India was originally based upon the idea of an organic social order that remains relevant today. Content Guidelines 2. Outside their own laws the infringement of which leads to expulsion from castes Ghurye have named the following:... 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