Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Inadequacy (extremeness or unusualness) in any of these factors induces disease. *Local contributing factors: are oral conditions that contribute to the disease progression. These other factors include local trauma, food retention, nutritional, endocrine, emotional, and toxic agencies, and preceding specific infections. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. The main etiological factor is oral biofilm with microorganisms. PMID: Prepared for the Eighth Annual Seminar for the Study and Practice of Dental Medicine, The Desert Inn, Palm Springs, Calif., Oct. 29, 1951. Periodontitis. The pathogenesis of periodontal disease was put on a rational basis for the first time by Page and Schroeder in 1976 [4]. It is characterized by recurrent haemorrhages in the retina and vitreous. Community … Original articles that reported on the risk factors for periodontal disease were included. the etiological factor in periodontal disease development. Conditions Inducing Local Trauma.ild, long-continued sources oi damage to the gingival epithelium are doubtless of significance, particularly in relation, to marginal gingivitis. The periodontal disease is a chronic, degenerative disease which is localised on the gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. Importance:Periodontal diseases and certain systemic disorders share similar genetic and/or environmental etiological factors, and affected patients may show manifestations of both diseases. *Primary etiological factor: Plaque accumulation over long periods of time. None of these factors seems to operate by itself. the role of various etiologic factors in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. None of these factors seems to operate by itself. However, to promote periodontitis the presence of etiological predisposing factors are necessary to act together with bacteria to initiate destructive periodontal disease with pocket formation14-15. P eriodontitis is a multifactorial disease, and its etiological factors include microorganisms, environmental factors, and host factors. Dental calculus itself is relatively non-pathogenic and, despite its rough surface, is not the direct cause of inflammatory processes, but mainly has an irritant effect. When you have periodontal disease… Define periodontal, etiologic factors of disease. Among conglomerate etiological factors, overhanging interproximal restorations are viewed as contributing factors causing gingival inflammation due to their retentive capacity for bacterial plaque leading to periodontal destruction. ETIOLOGY OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE• The clinical manifestations of periodontal disease result form a complex interplay... 3. Plaque biofilm and calculus deposit. AAP CLASSIFICATION OF PERIONDONTAL DISEASE AND CONDITIONS … factors, since bacteria, which are considered as essential primary etiological factors of periodontal disease, will always be present in any individual to promote gingivitis1,2. The search for the pathogens of periodontal diseases has been underway for more than 100 years, and continues up today. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Etiological factors in periodontal disease. The bacterial polysaccharides stimulate gingival neutrophils and macrophages to interleukin-1 (IL-1) production. Crooked teeth 7. The evolution of this inflammatory response culminates in the destruction of periodontal tissues. A unifying concept began to emerge in 1965 when the experimental gingivitis model (79, 141) and ex- tensive corroborating studies led to the clear demon- stration that plaque was essential for the initiation of periodontal inflammation and disease. Eales' disease A non-specific peripheral retinal periphlebitis (i.e. Diabetes 3. Fillings that have become defective 9. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. In the oral cavity a hard non-shedding surfaces include teeth, dental restorative materials and fixed or removable dental appliance such dentures. NPD are clearly associated with the host immune response, which should be consid- ered in the classification system for these lesions. The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors such as smoking, medications and stress affect the health of your gums. Local (Extrinsic) Etiological Factors •Irritating factors: Initiating factors Predisposing factors •Functional factors. Destructive periodontal disease is a consequence of the interaction of genetic, environmental, host and micro- bial factors.8Risk factors for periodontal disease include genetics, age, gender, smoking, socioeconomic factors and some systemic diseases. In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. Underlying immuno-deficiencies—e.g., AIDS 8. IL-1 causes a complex of redistribution processes with liver as the central organ. Initiating Factors •Bacterial plaque (dental plaque), microbial plaque. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 64 terms. The main etiological factor of periodontal disease is the bacteria, which are capable of activating the innate immune response of the host inducing an inflammatory response. IL-1 causes a complex of redistribution processes with liver as the central organ. Local predisposing factors in periodontal disease Are oral conditions or habits that increase an individual`s susceptibility to periodontal disease These factors … Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the periodontium and that bacteria are the primary etiology agents in periodontal disease. Dental calculus that represents mineralized bacterial dental biofilm is considered as secondary etiological factor in periodontal disease . The location, nature, and degree of the contributory agency or combination of agencies presumably determine the point of attack of the infection, its rate of progress, and its relative severity. What are some risk factors for periodontal disease? 13 terms. These other factors include local trauma, food retention, nutritional, endocrine, emotional, and toxic agencies, and preceding specific infections. This book aims to provide clinicians with a refined understanding of the biology that underlies periodontal diseases, thereby offering a sound basis for improved clinica 1. Microbial plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal disease. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. n. 1. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(52)90228-4. Local predisposing factors affect periodontal disease Mohammad Mamdouh B.SC.2012 ,POSTGRADUATE CANDIDATE Fixed Prosthodontics Department, Faculty Of Dentistry, Minia University 2. Etiological Factors of Periodontal Diseases •Local (extrinsic) etiologic factors •Systemic (intrinsic) etiological factors. Microbial plaque is the main etiological factor of periodontal disease. To allow an estimate of total need for periodontal therapy in population groups. Copyright © 1952 Published by Elsevier Inc. Local predisposing factor of periodontal disease 1. The causes of disease are varied, but they can all be reduced to groups of mechanical, physical, chemical, biological, and, for man, also psychogenic factors. The primary etiological factor for periodontal disease is plaque biofilm of dental biofilm. MEDLINE (1980 to Jan 2014), PubMed (using medical subject headings), and Google Scholar were searched using the following terms in different combinations: “periodontal disease,” “periodontitis,” “risk factors,” and “causal.” This was supplemented … for gingival recession: Periodontal diseases, Anatomical factors, Minor traumatic factors, Major traumatic factors, and Shared factors. Subgingival Biofilms as Etiological Factors of Periodontal Disease. Yuhan Huang, Dominique S. Michaud, Jiayun Lu, Elizabeth A. Platz, The association of clinically determined periodontal disease and edentulism with total cancer mortality: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, International Journal of Cancer, 10.1002/ijc.32941, 147, 6, … The bacterial polysaccharides stimulate gingival neutrophils and macrophages to interleukin-1 (IL-1) production. 4. Certain factors increase the risk for periodontal disease: 1. The destructive process is initiated by bacterial LPS, but further. 1993 Jun;2:83-97. The etiological factor and the initiators of the disease are microorganisms and their by-products which cause dysbiosis and an exacerbated host inflammatory response. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Etiological factors in periodontal disease. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums, painful chewing problems and even tooth loss. an inflammation of the outer coat of a vein) that usually affects mostly young males, often those who have active or healed tuberculosis. In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. Introduction: Periodontitis is a multifactorial disease. Poor self care, faulty dentistry, smoking/tobacco, nutrition, medications, diabetes, hormonal variations, heredity, and immunocompromised. This disease is a prime example of retinal vasculitis. periodontal disease development, ch 16. How can poor self care lead to periodontal disease? ETIOLOGY OFPERIODONTAL DISEASE 2. Bridges that no longer fit properly 11. Rather any of them may contribute to the process by causing or aggravating a deviation from the ideal architectural balance of teeth and periodontium, leading to abnormal retention of microbic pabulum or to disturbances of local tissue resistance, or to both. What faulty dentistry can be risk for periodontal disease? We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Thomas Thurnheer; Kai Bao; Georgios N. Belibasakis; Chapter. Taking medications that cause dry mouth 10. Overhangs and subgingival margins. HOW DOES PERIODONTAL DISEASE PROGRESS? If this cascade of inflammatory response is maintained for a sufficient period of time it eventually leads to an up-regulated activity of osteoclasts which cause bone loss. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease those results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Sources. Data. Copyright © 1952 Published by Elsevier Inc. Periodontol 2000. 94 terms. Female hormonal changes, such as with pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives 2. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 74 terms. The role of local factors in the etiology of periodontal diseases. Smoking 2. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Conclusions: PA should be classified according to the etiological factors involved, with the most frequent being those occurring in pre-existing periodontal pockets. Abstract. Inadequacy may be quantitative (the amount of the stimulus is excessive for the body), qualitative (the body is exposed to a factor for which it has not developed protective or … ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE 477 1. 5. The causative connection between the poorly adapted gingival margin of a filling or crown and the local gingivitis developing in relation to it is made clear by the prompt recovery … 59 terms . Objectives. Prepared for the Eighth Annual Seminar for the Study and Practice of Dental Medicine, The Desert Inn, Palm Springs, Calif., Oct. 29, 1951. I have attempted to deal with the etiology of periodontal disease as a whole because of the apparent uniformity of its infective phase, which seems to be one indispensable factor in the production of its several lesions and symptoms. Etiology of periodontal disease 1. Stress 5. In addition to this one uniform factor, however, there is a diversity of other causative agencies, which, singly or in various combinations, appear to make possible the infection. Rather any of them may contribute to the process by causing or aggravating a deviation from the ideal architectural balance of teeth and periodontium, leading to abnormal retention of microbic pabulum or to disturbances of local tissue resistance, or to both. This paper aims to review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors associated with periodontal disease. evolution depends on the host’s immune system. the role of local factors in periodontal disease at dif- ferent times. *The University of Michigan, School of Den­ tistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Periodontal disease. The location, nature, and degree of the contributory agency or combination of agencies presumably determine the point of attack of the infection, its rate of progress, and its relative severity. Heredity 6. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(52)90228-4. Dentistry Pt. Poor oral hygiene 4. Some local contributing factors are dental calculus, poorly done restorations, decay, trauma, and the way teeth are shaped. Accumulation of zinc in liver an … periodontal, etiologic factors of disease synonyms, periodontal, etiologic factors of disease pronunciation, periodontal, etiologic factors of disease translation, English dictionary definition of periodontal, etiologic factors of disease. systemic disorders and conditions that affect the periodontal attachment apparatus. A dental biofilm is a community of microorganisms attached to a hard, non shedding surfaces. 1 Citations; 870 Downloads; Abstract. What factors contribute to periodontal disease?-Dental factors, Risk factors, Contributing factors and predisposing factors. First Online: 12 July 2017. Kornman KS(1), Löe H. Author information: (1)Department of Periodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, USA. Content and etiological factors of periodontal disease clinical manifestations of periodontal disease at dif- ferent times factors... Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads factors. 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