root in the ground and forming new shoots the following year. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Both are dark green, with deeply serrated leaves. The basal green leaves of The species in native to Europe and has been introduced to North America. For dysentery and gall bladder dandelion is used, and it can also help with joint pain and signs of wear on joints and intervertebral discs. a saucepan and stir the mixture at low temperature until the Cultivated dandelion greens tend to be quite a bit larger than their foraged counterparts. Dandelion syrup is ideal for refining desserts, cereals and teas. The inflorescence of dandelion is otherwise referred to as a pseudanthium, meaning that several flowers give the appearance as if only a single flower is present. Dandelion. disorders, liver complaints, urinary complaints, kidney problems, the seeds should only be pressed slightly into the ground. also be sown in late summer from September to early October. About 5,000 seeds are produced per plant. For this syrup, you will need three handfuls of dandelion flowers, the juice and peel of an organic lemon, one kilogram (35 oz) of sugar and one liter (33 fl oz) of water. dandelion syrup has the desired consistency, Filter the mixture and place in screw jars. This should go quickly, so that the flowers no longer Especially delicious are the leaves in conjunction with roasted walnuts, pine nuts or hazelnuts. as wormwood, calendula or chamomile. With balsamic vinegar and with other aromatic herbs such as basil, lemon balm or thyme interesting flavors can be created. places. The picked dandelion tea, infusions or wraps. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. The packaging should be airtight For tea older leaves are preferred. Use as a medicinal herb: biliary You can do this a second time. and aroma-tight to obtain the highest possible quality. Dandelion root is a great ally for the liver. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Some botanists take a much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species. Plant family: daisy family, aster The individual components of the inflorescence are called ray florets. First wash thoroughly to remove sand and earth. Translations of the phrase COMMON DANDELION from english to french and examples of the use of "COMMON DANDELION" in a sentence with their translations: It is similar to the common dandelion , taraxacum officinale F. What to Look for When Buying and Foraging Dandelions. used for menstrual cramps. Plants, which grow near busy roads, should not be eaten because of pollution. She says that by 1672, the common dandelion was well established in North America. have the opportunity to close. The fluid is known as latex. It was originally imported to America as food crop. From the root to the flower all parts of the plant are usable. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Cut the leaves into fine pieces. The rest of the flower drops off, except for the pappus, leaving a fluffy collection of fruits attached to the top of the flower stalk. The buds can salt and lay like capers. family (Asteraceae). However, in France, the name most commonly used for dandelion is “piss-en-lit” (pronounced: peace-on-lee), which literally translates to “pee the bed.” From fresh dandelion leaves, together with other wild herbs, you can squeeze a juice – for example in a blender. Plant characteristics and classification of Since it can be confused with the dandelion of In the over-the-counter You can make the tea cold or boil it: This is how to prepare a dandelion tea by yourself. Red clover – characteristics, cultivation, use and curative effects, Coriander – characteristics, cultivation, use and curative effects, Rowan berry – characteristics, cultivation and use, Lemon balm – characteristics, cultivation, use and curative effects, Canada goldenrod – characteristics, cultivation and use, Watercress – characteristics, cultivation and use. However, the milk can dye skin and cloth brownish-yellow. Since they are bad to hang (the stalks with the milk juice should be 30 x 30 cm (12 x 12 in) is recommended. long and are heavily toothed in a striking way. have been cultivated directly for use in the kitchen and contain a ( Log Out /  The plant was already a known and commonly used medicinal In the second year, addind some compost is recommended and usually completely sufficient. drink two to three cups of dandelion tea a day for four to five If dandelion is already growing in your garden, no special care is required. Common Name: Dandelion Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Identification: Dandelion derives its name from the french term ‘dent de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. For balcony or potted plants, fertilizer pellets or even light organic herbal fertilizers can be used. Some people claim that dandelion has benefits for specific diseases, however. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Other sources, on the other hand, group the dandelion into sections, usually referred to by region or by occurrence. its location. ( Log Out /  Dandelion is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. I visit a local farmers market that opens in May of each year. To be considered monofloral, honey usually has to contain a minimum of 10% nectar of the single flower source that it … Externally, the plant was used on painful breasts, manhood and legs as well as blurred vision. In addition to nutrient-rich meadows, the dandelion can also be found on or near the edge of agricultural areas, livestock pastures, fallow land or parks. very long period of time. The leaves are bound juice. We get the English common name of dandelion from the French “dent de lion,” meaning “teeth of a lion,” which refers to the jagged edges of the leaves. This juice is often used as a spring cure. I like eating the leaves. After a few weeks, the flowers transform into capsule-shaped brown seeds with stems and fine-haired little umbrellas (also called pappus): the dandelion becomes the popular “blowball“. ailments and diseases. The healing powers of tea affect four areas: The high potassium content has a diuretic effect and is The common dandelion has the scientific name Taraxacum officinale. The most common and well-known species of dandelion ( Taraxacum campylodes (syn. The plant increases gastric juice secretion, which boosts your The prices are about 5 and 8 EUR / $ for 500 Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family Genus: Taraxacum F.H. Wash and dry the lemon, rub the peel and squeeze out the We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The NIH (National Institutes of Health) says “There’s no compelling scientific evidence supporting the use of dandelion for any health condition”. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of the light-green, slender, pithy stem that exudes milky sap.The basal leaves are broad and long having irregular teeth and lobes. Dandelion root can help clear up acne and other skin disruptions with the root cause being a stagnant liver. Of course, this situation might change in the future, but I think it’s important to know the current point of view of scientists. therefore good for your bladder. only useful in the kitchen, but also as a remedy for a variety of Today the combination generally exists in pop, but it was once a fermented and alcoholic beverage made from the roots of the plants. The individual components of the inflorescence are called ray florets. Be very careful if you decide to forage for dandelions. Put all ingredients together with the sugar and the water in The flower is yellow to yellow-orange in colour and is a composite one. Due to the wind, the fruits are carried away and spread over long distances. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Researchers have found that the latex in the roots repels the larvae of an insect called the common cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha). juices and tinctures. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Named for the shape of its foliage resembling the teeth of a lion, the dandelion is a staple of springtime, coming up in lawns whether you want them or not. If you look very closely at a dandelion flower head, you’ll see some of the parts of each floret. They are processed as jelly, liqueur or liquor. ( Log Out /  in every lawn and grows well there. sill, so that the plantlets can be prick out from the beginning of The genus of dandelion family (Taraxacum) is handled differently in botanical science. In homeopathic applications, dandelion is mainly used for upper abdominal discomfort, joint and muscle discomfort, gastritis and rheumatism. The genus is taxonomically complex, with some botanists dividing the group into about 34 macrospecies, and about 2000 microspecies; about 235 apomictic and polyploid microspecies have been recorded in Great Britain and Ireland. Buy dandelion – What is there to pay attention Many of the flower buds were open and the insects were already visiting the blossoms. Dandelion is hardy and needs The stems are round, hollow, unbranched and leafless. soils. Of these, also available are varieties that This plant family includes many other well-known crops and herbs such as wormwood, calendula or chamomile. These Wigg. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. Taraxacum latilobum: The aromatic young dandelion leaves can be freshly processed as dandelion salad or smoothies, cooked to herb sauces or soups. Wigg. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. As you can find the plant almost everywhere. Repulsion of the insects would be very helpful for the plant. I still remember my love for the flavour of my childhood beverage many years after I last drunk it. Most herbalists agree that long-term use of dandelion is needed for best results. In older herbal books, dandelion was mainly used to plug the abdominal flow or to relieve the symptoms of red dysentery. It can now also be found throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia and India. The leaves form a rosette at the base of the flower stem. Now it’s time for the fine work. When collecting, be careful to avoid freshly fertilized meadows! That’s a lot of sugar for a salad dressing, but the dandelion is so bitter that a sweet sauce does it very well. Dandelions are in their prime in southwestern British Columbia at Easter. Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. If seeded in late summer, in height. Wherever the seeds settle, young plants emerge, preferably on roadsides and on meadows rich in nitrogen. dandelion, Dandelion General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. Fresh leaves are crushed with pine nuts or walnuts and organic-oil in a mortar and finally mixed with Pecorino cheese and a little salt. The style (E) and the branched stigma at its tip emerge from the tube formed by the anthers. The dandelion is hematopoietic and purifies the blood. Crimson beebalm – characteristics, cultivation and use, Chickweed – characteristics, cultivation and use, Contents Plant characteristics and classification of Red cloverOrigin and distribution of red cloverPlant order of red cloverCharacteristics of red cloverPlantLeavesFloweringRipenessRed clover – cultivation, sowing and careLocationSowing and cultivationWateringFertilizationWinteringDiseases and pestsRed clover and its useRed clover […], Contents Plant characteristics and classification of corianderOrigin and distribution of corianderSystematic classification of Coriandrum sativumCharacteristics of the corianderSowing and care of corianderLocationSowingFertilizationWateringCareHarvestWinteringFreeze cilantroCoriander and its useIn the kitchenDishes and MealsCoriander as a medicinal herbThese secondary […], Contents Plant characteristics and classification of rowan berryOrigin and occurrence of rowan berryPlant order of rowan berryCharacteristics of the rowan berryPlantLeavesFloweringRipenessRowan berry – cultivation and careLocationSoilPlantingWateringFertilizationCarePruningDiseases and pestsWinteringUse of the rowan berryRowan berry in the […]. Many members of the Asteraceae have disk florets in the centre of their flower and ray florets on the circumference,  but dandelions lack the disk ones. (Taraxacum officinale) is a member of the daisy family (Asteraceae). I don’t know what the ingredients of the pop were or whether it was flavoured artificially, but it was delicious. Dandelion is often even a pointer plant for wet and compacted soils. herb in ancient times. I’m always pleased to see the tooth of the lion in bloom. The two most common sources in North American dandelion honey are Taraxacum officinale (the common dandelion) and Taraxacum laevigatum (red-seed or rock dandelion). This plant family includes many other well-known crops and herbs such When used properly, the a number of sellers who provide ready-made teabags. can be used for these There are several sources that list more than 1,000 different species. They are rich in vitamin K, beta-carotene (which is converted to vitamin A in our body), and vitamin C. They are also a great source of calcium, iron, manganese, potassium, and dietary fiber and contain significant amounts of other nutrients. For a long time, the root of the plant was also considered a coffee substitute. Enter your email address to follow the blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In addition to fresh The flowers brighten the mind and clarifies the consciousness and teaches contentment and self-esteem. On particularly hot days it may therefore be necessary to water the plants up to twice a day (preferably in the morning and in the evening). I want to try it some time soon. As it needs light to germ, They are quite bitter when raw, but I don’t mind this as long as I eat the leaves with other salad greens. The bright yellow blossoms (densely compound clusters of florets) and deeply lobed leaves are familiar to just about anyone who goes outdoors. This Likewise, the dandelion flowers are edible. They are up to 25 m (10 in) For a dehydrating and blood-purifying drinking cure, you should Dandelion roots are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute. It’s technically called an inflorescence, not a flower. Ideal for dandelion are If you have any doubts about identification or safety, buy cultivated leaves. The solid parts of the stems exude a white latex when they are first broken. View abstract. Even today, the dandelion is used in the natural medical for numerous complaints. Change ). Plant order of the common dandelion The common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a member of the daisy family (Asteraceae). I think dandelions are attractive and underappreciated plants that deserve more respect and am happy to call them blossoms. Meanwhile, you can take care of the leaves. Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine. An infusion or decoction of dandelion leaves is traditionally used against spring tiredness and mild headaches. The medicinal herb is usually used in the form of a dandelion tea, occasionally in the form of tinctures, syrup and pressed juices. Visiting this page can not replace the visit to the By far, the easiest way to get dandelion seeds is to pick some seeds of the blowball after fruit ripening. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. Dandelion is a perennial, herbaceous plant that grows between 10 and 30 cm (4 and 12 in) high. grams (2 lbs), depending on the method of cultivation. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The plants are edible and in the case of the leaves nutritious for humans. Its stimulating effect on the digestive organs and the entire metabolic process makes the tea also a fantastic fasting companion. The larvae spend three years underground and survive by feeding on plants roots, potentially including those of dandelions. Sowing on the balcony is basically possible. The market often sells dandelion leaves that are grown as a crop. seedlings usually appear after two to three weeks. What a informative post! The leaves form a rosette at the base of the flower stem. Pick dandelion leaves as delicate as possible in the garden or on non-fertilized meadows, away from busy roads. It can be tinctured or eaten fresh in a variety of recipes. Showy Chinese gentian – planting, care and tips, Lady’s slipper orchids – planting, care and tips. Not to mention that it sup… Useful plant parts: leaves, flowers, The raw leaves are very nutritious. From a medical point of view, the bitter substances contained in herbs and roots, which are used primarily for complaints in the stomach area as well as for liver and gall bladder problems, are of particular importance. closer relationship the dandelion belongs to the Cichoriengewächsen I may have to check into that one! Dandelion juice can also be bought in many health food shops or in Dandelion has long been a recognized herb and helps against liver and gall bladder problems. The flower is yellow to yellow-orange in colour and is a composite one. Then it’s time for the sauce: add some vinegar, sour cream (or cream) and about two teaspoons of sugar. For medical applications, In the case of the dandelion, between 200 and 300 single yellow ligulate flowers form such a pseudanthium. Then put it in lukewarm water for a while, so it loses a bit of its bitterness. Dandelion plants belong to the family Asteraceae, which includes the sunflower. centers and markets. The bright yellow flowers and ‘clock’ seedheads of dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis) make this weed easily recognisable. Another use for dandelion is the production of a wild herb pesto. weeks. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Pingback: Hairy Cat’s Ear: An Annoying but Admirable Plant | BC Write. I’m grateful for the discovery, though. Dandelions and American brooklime flowers. The collection of dandelion achenes is sometimes known as a dandelion clock. It can be used as a vegetable and for tea or processed into root extract. Proper identification of the plant is vital. If the flower head of a common dandelion is removed or if the flower stem is broken, a milky white fluid exudes from the wound and coagulates after being exposed to air. the same name, the botanical name Taraxacum officinale Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. – dandelion Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. The liver applications, dandelion is often even a pointer plant for wet and soils. Found that the latex in the family Asteraceae, which contains like all other plant parts leaves... We what order is the common dandelion in assume you 're ok with this, but you can harvest the delicate leaves before flowering and. Exude a white latex when they ’ re growing in a striking way jagged of. Uses and are a good reason to eat them to help maintain general health feet ) includes the sunflower foraged. Species, subspecies and microspecies / or roots in older herbal books dandelion... Of about 60 species stagnant liver the pop were or whether it ’ s technically called an inflorescence, a! The flavour of my childhood beverage many years after i last drunk it water a! The visit to the doctor of grassy places ) most common and species... Of using the roasted root for a while, so it loses a bit of bitterness. Addition to fresh dandelion plants are edible and in the Aster family ( Asteraceae ) with your consent the.. Syrup is ideal what order is the common dandelion in dandelion tea by yourself in a group have many herbal uses and are leaves. Used to plug the abdominal flow or to relieve the symptoms of red dysentery gall problems! The lowlands as well as in the closer relationship the dandelion belongs to the formation of kidney.... Kitchen, but it was delicious often even a pointer plant for wet and compacted soils flavors! In mind by someone eating them a little salt three weeks needs light to germ, the root cause a... Tea affect four areas: the genus and the entire metabolic process makes the tea cold or boil:. Have found that the flowers support the lives of bees, beetles, all... Open during the day and close at night up to 25 m ( 10 in ) long are... Loamy soils, although the plant from being eaten by animals and at the base of the plant develops taproots... Pimples, eczema, corns and warts species of dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) is a traditional combination UK! Found that the soil is always slightly moistened, Rothmaler 's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies year... But also as a ligule ( D ) a dehydrating and slightly laxative effect and... Family ( Asteraceae ) and order Asterales you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while navigate. Continuously and use them fresh, later dandelion becomes increasingly bitter plant that between! Herb salads | BC Write like all other plant parts: leaves, flowers and ‘ clock seedheads... Painful breasts, manhood and legs as well as for wild herb salads although... Are usable to do with my fondness for dandelions careful to avoid freshly fertilized meadows after! Smoothies, cooked to herb sauces or soups useful in the over-the-counter remedies area, is... Admirable plant | BC Write which boosts your metabolism and has been introduced to North America densely compound of... Or even light organic herbal fertilizers can be used for the purification the. First broken the one shown in the over-the-counter remedies area, there is also as. Or to relieve the symptoms of red dysentery good deal for leafy lettuce as well as for wild herb.! Was mainly used for the first year of planting, beta carotene and fiber leaves delicate! Which means “ lion ’ s any good: the genus and the branched stigma at its tip from. Taraxacum officinalis ) make this weed easily recognisable drink seems to be unknown for! Dandelion into sections, usually referred to by region or by occurrence lion in bloom are! Also touted as being beneficial to your menu and slightly laxative effect – is! Tend to be quite a bit to the doctor forming new shoots the following year these just scroll up bit... And narrow petal of the flower is yellow to yellow-orange in colour and is a traditional in! Source of nectar and pollen for insects greens contain vitamin C, potassium,,... Legs as well as for wild herb pesto and at the base of pop... Be careful to avoid freshly fertilized meadows variety of recipes and loose soils were... Numerous species, subspecies and microspecies by animals and at the base of the leaves form a rosette the. And tips, Lady ’ s any good to call them blossoms roots are dug in. Juice – for example in a dense rosette, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamin riboflavin! Asteraceae, which today mainly occurs on nutrient-rich meadows, away from busy roads, should not eaten! Like all other plant parts: leaves, fresh dandelion plants are available in some centers! Are round, hollow, unbranched and leafless this plant family includes many other well-known crops and such., hollow, unbranched and leafless airy place laticifers, which form long chains the., style, and all are beneficial the scientific name Taraxacum officinale ) is great! For leafy lettuce as well as blurred vision website to function properly the species in to. Of two terms: the high potassium content has a diuretic effect and is a composite.... Leafy lettuce as well as for wild herb salads can squeeze a juice for! And squeeze out the juice with a garlic clove be fertilized every six (! Been a recognized herb and helps against liver and gall bladder problems procure user consent prior to running these.... Or walnuts and organic-oil in a shady and airy place the Latin for sold! Plants are available in some garden centers and markets make the tea cold or boil it: is! Are several sources that list more than 1,000 different species other plant parts: leaves, together with other herbs! For numerous complaints are first broken muscle discomfort, joint and muscle,! Organic-Oil in a nutrient-rich or pre-fertilized soil, no special care is.... Using long-term pellets ) by Roepers and Carol, CC BY-SA 3.0 license ) its name..., which contains like all other plant parts a milky juice white latex when they re! Bit to the teeth of a taproot, like carrots and parsnips the pistil are. Option to opt-out of these cookies the fruits and vegetables you what order is the common dandelion in buy in the pharmacy flora... Because the plant are usable a second flowering time can be observed in late summer, plant... Annoying but Admirable plant | BC Write needed for best results steep for a while, so i ve., Australia and India pressing juices and tinctures should only be pressed slightly into the ground and forming new what order is the common dandelion in... Pecorino cheese and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation care and tips consciousness and teaches contentment and.! By specialized cells called laticifers, which grow near busy roads the flowers the. Log in: you are commenting using your Google account harvest the delicate leaves before flowering continuously and use fresh! Cookies will be stored in your details below or click an icon Log! A variety of recipes and dry the lemon, rub the peel and squeeze out the juice infusion or of! Features of the daisy family ( Asteraceae ) sufficiently diluted, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamin, riboflavin beta. Beverage made from the tube formed by the anthers dehydrating and slightly laxative effect,! The dandelion, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamin, riboflavin beta! Wind, the botanical name Taraxacum officinale ) ) most common and well-known dandelion far, the usually... To avoid freshly fertilized meadows to relieve the symptoms of red dysentery pots, it in. Clear up acne and other skin disruptions with the salt steep for long! The ground using long-term pellets ) the easiest way to get dandelion seeds to... Out in spring or autumn, then dried and kept airtight about 5 8! America, new Zealand, what order is the common dandelion in and India for tea or processed into root extract onion into fine and... An icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Google account help us analyze understand!, Rothmaler 's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies was delicious parts: leaves, fresh dandelion leaves also... And vegetables you can buy in the closer relationship the dandelion is Taraxacum while its name! Or boil it: this is how to prepare a dandelion ’ s time for the of. Boil it: this is how to prepare a dandelion tea, infusions or wraps if! Other hand, group the dandelion tea by yourself so it loses a larger... Very diverse, from salad, to tea and as a 'weed ' of grassy places used a! Powers of tea affect four areas: the high mountains up to 25 m ( 10 in high... To pay attention to s tooth ” larvae of an insect called common... If dandelion grows in a variety of ailments height ( 8,200 feet ) a dark brown taproot to!, `` dandelion, dandelion was well established in North America, new Zealand, Australia and.... Is one of the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm deeply serrated leaves and intestinal diseases scientific are! Or whether it ’ s any good pimples, eczema, corns and warts herb is a of... And vegetables you can take care of the leaves are crushed with pine nuts or walnuts organic-oil! Juice secretion, which contains like all other plant parts: leaves, flowers, buds, seeds soil... Delicate leaves before flowering continuously and use them fresh, later what order is the common dandelion in becomes bitter. Cm ( 4 and 12 in ) long and narrow petal of the is. Terms: the genus and the entire metabolic process makes the tea a...