Considerada xeneralmente como una "meruxa", les sos fueyes peracabar n'ensalada y atribuyéronse-y … Taraxacum officinale complex is used as a medicinal plant (see section on Uses), however, overindulgence may render the liver inactive and cause various unpleasant symptoms (Jackson, 1982). For more information, visit. Taraxacum officinale in alpine plant communities of the central Chilean Andes at 3200 m is also associated with disturbed areas, being more abundant in areas under anthropogenic disturbances. In turf, it forms clumps that cause poor footing for athletic fields and golf courses. The invasive Taraxacum officinale co-flowers and shared pollinators with natives. El diente de león (Taraxacum officinale), también conocido como achicoria amarga, es una especie de la familia de las asteráceas. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. invasive Charles Darwin Foundation (2008) Ecuador (Galápagos Islands) Santa Cruz Group Santa Cruz Island introduced invasive Charles Darwin Foundation (2008) Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island introduced invasive Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 268) Voucher cited: Greenwood 1172 … Looking down on the stylar remnant. Es posible que algunas poblaciones sean nativas y otras introducidas. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a worldwide distributed species native to Europe . The pollen of T. officinale complex has been identified as an allergen in honey ( Helbling and Wuethrich, 1987 ) and can cause allergic contact and photoallergic contact dermatitis ( Mark et al., 1999 ). It is considered one of the most aggressive invasive plants around the world ( Holm et al. (15.2-45.7 cm) deep. Ahlgren, Clifford E. 1979. 1997). También es una planta que se usa en multitud de dietas depurativas del hígado, la vesícula y el riñón. MCF-7/ AZ breast cancer cells, pretreated with ET-18-OMe (15), and LNCaP C4-2B prostate cancer cells are invasive into. Invasive range: Throughout North America. 271. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. 2009 ). Native range: Eurasia. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Datos técnicos Nombre científico: Taraxacum officinale Familia: Asteraceae Origen: De procedencia europea. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. 4 p. [3459] 2. Buried seed in the forest floor of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area. It is considered one of the most aggressive invasive plants around the world (Holm et al. Description The common name derives from the French ' dent de lion ', meaning 'lion's tooth', which refers to the deeply toothed, deep green leaves, which are in rosettes. Debido a su abundante néctar, las abejas visitan a los dientes de león (Taraxacum officinale) permanentemente. Image 5461264 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) fruit(s). The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. The genus Taraxacum has a wide, cosmopolitan distribution, with species found as far afield as Mexico and South America. 1). The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . For more information, visit Invasive.org. On French sub-Antarctic islands, where Taraxacum officinale has been introduced, the disappearance of native plants over wide areas, due to the impact of rabbits and global warming, coincided with a demographic explosion of Taraxacum officinale and other introduced plants, resulting in the … It is by Charles T. Bryson at USDA Agricultural Research Service. SPECIES: Taraxacum officinale REFERENCES : 1. Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, Bonnie Harper-Lore, Federal Highway Administration, Bugwood.org, Lynn Sosnoskie, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org, Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org, Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org, Ken Chamberlain, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org, Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org, Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a perennial herb native to Europe that is considered an aggressive invasive species worldwide (Holm et al. Taraxacum officinale. 1997 ). Three fruit bodies, the center one with the beak still attached. Nombres comunes: Diente de león. It is by D. Walters and C. Southwick at USDA. Foliage Leaves are clustered in a rosette at the base of the plant. Given that all the sampled patches were located at similar distances from roads, it appears that the observed results are not strongly influenced by differences in propagule pressure. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. Taraxacum officinale can be a major weed problem for turf and ornamental managers. Taraxacum officinale is native to Eurasia. When this plant infests turfgrass and ornamental plantings, it forms dense circular mats of leaves that crowd out desirable species and reduce the vigor of those plants that survive. It is by Ohio State Weed Lab at The Ohio State University. In its native range, T. officinale is present in alpine environments, mostly restricted to disturbed sites ( Quiroz et al. Image 1299182 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) plant(s). John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. El diente de león consiste en un complejo de micro-especies, que son difíciles de distinguir. • The overlap in pollinators was not related with flower similarity among species. Habitat: Gardens and lawns everywhere, roadsides, degraded meadows, rocky hillsides, forest openings. Craters of the Moon National Monument (Idaho), Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. Taraxacum (/ təˈræksəkʊm /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Identification: Tap-rooted perennial, with a rosette of oblong, deeply toothed leaves. Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. Its strong taproot is capable of penetrating the soil to a depth of 10-15 ft. (3-4.6 m), but it is most commonly 6-18 in. Common Name: Dandelion Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Identification: Dandelion derives its name from the french term ‘dent de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called " dandelion "), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). Anti-invasive effect of Taraxacum officinale extracts. 1997). Yellow flowers produced from … Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. It is by D. Walters and C. Southwick at USDA. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Taraxacum officinale can be a major weed problem for turf and ornamental managers. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List, Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. When this plant infests turfgrass and ornamental plantings, it forms dense circular mats of leaves that crowd out desirable species and reduce the vigor of those plants that survive. Taraxacum es un género de plantas con flores de la familia Asteraceae conocidas comúnmente como dientes de león, panaderos o ásteres.Se ha descrito unos 3.600 taxones, de los cuales unos 2300 son especies aceptadas, con 4 taxones infra-específicos también aceptados, todo el resto se va repartiendo entre unos 500 sinónimos y cerca de 550 sin resolver. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable that most people call a weed.Dandelion is sometimes used as a salad green, and has limited traditional use in East Asian countries. Taraxacum officinale is found growing in disturbed and undisturbed sites in wide altitu dinal and latitudinal gradients ( Molina‐Montenegro and Cavieres 2010 , Molina‐Montenegro and Naya 2012 ). It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Taraxacum officinale is one of the most wide-spread weeds of North America, Asia and Europe. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a worldwide distrib-uted species native to Europe (Fig. Considerada generalmente como una mala hierba, aunque sería más correcto decir "hierba adventicia", sus hojas se consumen en ensalada y se le han atribuido numerosas propiedades medicinales. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Taraxacum officinale is one of the most wide-spread weeds of North America, Asia and Europe. • Taraxacum officinale might alter the reproduction of native species in the Andes. Image 1555339 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) seedling(s). St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, College of Forestry. Taraxacum officinale is found growing in disturbed and undisturbed sites in wide altitu- Por Evangelina Aguilera (*) Hacer volar a contraluz, de un golpe de aire la materia de nube de esas flores la fabulosa maleza destinada a deshacerse contra el viento. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Minnesota Forestry Research Note No. La xicoia (Taraxacum officinale), també anomenada dent de lleó, apagallums, cama-roja, lletsó d'ase, llumenetes, pixallits, queixals de vella, lletissó de ruc, lletsó, lletissó, llicsó i xicoira de burro, és una planta de la família de les asteràcies.La seva morfologia és molt característica i fàcil de reconèixer, no sol superar el 40cm - 50cm d'alçada. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. in lawn; early in year Image 5461262 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) fruit(s). Other Common Names: common dandelion, blowball, dandelion, faceclock, Last updated October 2018 / Privacy Taraxacum officinale is a perennial that grows best in moist areas in full sun. In turf, it forms clumps that cause poor footing for athletic fields and golf courses. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, Weed Science Society of America Common Names List, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. 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