Horus was worshipped in the same way as any of the other gods of Egypt: temples were built as homes for the god and his statue placed within the inner sanctum where only the chief priest was allowed to attend him. [26], Horus gradually took on the nature as both the son of Osiris and Osiris himself. A freelance writer and former part-time Professor of Philosophy at Marist College, New York, Joshua J. Horus Name Meaning. These contests go on for over 80 years and Ra continues to deny Horus his right to the throne. Horus was occasionally shown in art as a naked boy with a finger in his mouth sitting on a lotus with his mother. The name Horus means “the one far above,” which indicated his importance above all other gods of Egypt. The elder Horus is one of the oldest gods of Egypt, born of the union between Geb (earth) and Nut (sky) shortly after the creation of the world. While this is certainly true, the name 'Horus' will usually be found to designate either the older god of the first five or the son of Isis and Osiris who defeated his uncle Set and restored order to the land. Isis, Selket, and Neith nurtured Horus and educated him in their exile until he was grown to manhood and was strong enough to challenge his uncle for his father's kingdom. Food was plentiful and there was no want or need unfulfilled. To support his claim, Harpur cites `experts' on the subject such as Godfrey Higgins, Gerald Massey, and Alvin Boyd Kuhn, all writers from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, none of whom were biblical scholars or Egyptologists. Analysis of Horus. Attendant priests took care of the temple complex which, like any other, was constructed to mirror the afterlife of the Field of Reeds. Osiris had been the first king of Egypt who established order and then passed on to the underworld while Horus was the king who restored that order after it was overturned by Set and who raised Egypt up from chaos to harmony. [35], William R. Cooper's 1877 book and Acharya S's self-published 2008 book, among others, have suggested that there are many similarities between the story of Horus and the much posterior story of Jesus. 164–168, Berkley, 2003. The elder Horus, brother of Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys, is known as Horus the Great in English or Harwer and Haroeris in Egyptian. Khasekhemwy's use of the two animal symbols would then represent the reconciliation of the two factions, as does the resolution of the myth. 7 Popularity of Horus Name; 8 Characteristics of Horus; 9 Acrostic Poem About Horus; 10 Is there Horus name in the Bible/Torah/Quran? While this was going on, Set has usurped Osiris' rule and reigned over the land with Nephthys. It is for this reason that kings of Egypt, from the First Dynastic Period on, aligned themselves with Horus and chose a "Horus Name" to rule under at their coronation. The rulers of Nekhen, where Horus was the patron deity, are generally believed to have unified Upper Egypt, including Nagada, under their sway. [6] As the language changed over time, it appeared in Coptic varieties variously as /hoːɾ/ or /ħoːɾ/ and was adopted into ancient Greek as Ὧρος Hōros (pronounced at the time as /hɔ̂ːros/). The symbolic meaning of the Horus name is still disputed. Egyptologist Richard H. Wilkinson comments on how "Horus was one of the earliest of Egyptian deities. Harpur claims that Christianity was invented wholly from Egyptian mythology and that Jesus Christ is simply Horus re-imagined. Geraldine Pinch writes: He appeared on stelae of the late New Kingdom dressed as a prince who vanquished dangerous animals with his bow or curved sword. … Most often, They have the ability to create, establish and maintain ‘wealth’ for themselves; although this must be tempered with humility and integrity. [12] It became said[by whom?] Horus was invoked at funerals for protection and guidance for those who had departed and for the living who remained behind. On these, the naked Horus child tramples on crocodiles and squeezes the life out of other dangerous creatures such as snakes, lions, and antelopes. Horus, patron deity of Hierakonpolis (near Edfu), the predynastic capital of Upper Egypt. From the earliest Dynastic Period the king's name was written in the rectangular device known as the serekh which depicted the Horus falcon perched on a stylized palace enclosure and which seems to indicate the king as mediator between the heavenly and earthly realms, if not the god manifest within the palace as the king himself. When Set comes out and sees her, he asks the cause of her sorrow and she tells him how a wicked man, her husband's own brother, has killed him and taken his land and, further, seeks the life of her only son and has banished her to the swamp lands and the thickets where only the scorpions are her companions. Horus was associated with the afterlife through his Four Sons who protected the vital organs of the deceased. Horus Statistics. Baby Name Horus meaning God of Light | Find Name for your Baby using SchoolMyKids Baby Name Finder - Largest Baby names … Heru-pa-khered (Harpocrates to the Ptolemaic Greeks), also known as Horus the Younger, is represented in the form of a youth wearing a lock of hair (a sign of youth) on the right of his head while sucking his finger. "son of Isis" and Harsiese "Horus, Son of Isis". Isis endured a difficult pregnancy with exceptionally long labor and gave birth to Horus alone in the swamps of the Delta. Much later, at the end of the Second Dynasty (c. 2890–2686 BCE), Pharaoh Seth-Peribsen used the Set animal to writing his serekh name in place of the falcon hieroglyph representing Horus. This is based on the Egyptian tradition and belief that a living king was commonly the herald and earthly representative of Horus. In another version of the story, the trial lasts for 80 years until the frustrated gods turn to the wise goddess Neith, mediator of disputes, who rules in favor of Horus. In the struggle, Set had lost a testicle, and Horus' eye was gouged out. Even Osiris, the great god and first king, was not allowed to return to his place on earth after death; he took his place among the dead, where he belonged. Isis then throws off her disguise and reveals herself and the other gods in attendance. Legend has it that Horus then offered his restored left eye as a sacrifice to resurrect Osiris. Horus name meaning Related similar Names, Popular Names - What is the meaning Horus? Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Horus/. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Neither Horus nor Jesus benefit from his shoddy comparison of their lives. All four of the protector-gods were depicted as mummified men with their respective different heads of jackal, baboon, human, and hawk. In most cases it was the falcon of the god Horus. The story of the battles between Horus and Set have many different versions but the best known is from a manuscript dating to the 20th Dynasty (1090-1077 BCE), The Contendings of Horus and Set which describes their contest as a legal trial in front of the Ennead, a tribunal of nine powerful gods. 'Harpocrates' also means 'Horus the Child' but the deity differed from the Egyptian Horus. Horus the Child was one of a number of so-called 'child gods' of ancient Egypt who appeared in the form known as Shed (Savior) but was a savior from earthly troubles, not eternal ones. She finally found him inside the tree-pillar at Byblos, asked the king and queen for it, and brought it back to Egypt. Horus Name Meaning and History. Horus, Egyptian Hor, Har, Her, or Heru, in ancient Egyptian religion, a god in the form of a falcon whose right eye was the sun or morning star, representing power and quintessence, and whose left eye was the moon or evening star, representing healing. Sounds like Horace, looks like the head of a hawk on the body of a human. In these battles, Horus came to be associated with Lower Egypt, and became its patron. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. In this tale, it was said that Set, the patron of Upper Egypt, and Horus, the patron of Lower Egypt, had battled for Egypt brutally, with neither side victorious, until eventually, the gods sided with Horus. 1 Horus Name Meaning and History; 2 Origin of Horus Name; 3 Gender of Horus; 4 Analysis of Horus; 5 Horus Statistics; 6 What is the Numerology of Horus? His name is attested from the beginning of the Dynastic Period and it is probable that early falcon deities such as that shown restraining the `marsh dwellers' on the Narmer Palette represent this same god" (200). Horus (or Isis herself in some versions) then deliberately spreads his own semen on some lettuce, which was Set's favorite food. E.A. African. by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA), The people of Egypt would come to the courtyard to ask for assistance or to receive alms, deliver donations or have their dreams interpreted. Set tricked Osiris into laying down in a casket he had made to his brother's exact specifications and, once Osiris was inside, Set slammed the lid on and threw the box into the Nile. Her-ur was sometimes depicted fully as a falcon, he was sometimes given the title Kemwer, meaning "(the) great black (one)". In reality, the emotional urges of this name are difficult to control. Osiris left for the underworld and Isis went into hiding in the Delta region of Egypt to protect herself and her son from Set. Set was not angry with Nephthys, however, but focused his revenge on his brother, "The Beautiful One", who had presented a temptation too strong for Nepthys to resist. Nekhen was a powerful city in the pre-dynastic period, and the early capital of Upper Egypt. The Dying and Reviving God motif had existed for thousands of years before the apostle Paul began is evangelical efforts c. 42-62 CE and the concept of eternal life through personal dedication to a god was equally well established. New incarnations of Horus succeeded the deceased pharaoh on earth in the form of new pharaohs.[7]. Horus traveled with her in the form of Horus the Child and influenced Christian iconography of the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child. See the popularity of the boy's name Horus over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. The elder Horus, brother of Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys, is known as Horus the Great in English or Harwer and Haroeris in Egyptian. The name Horus is Greek. As Horus was the ultimate victor he became known as ḥr.w wr "Horus the Great", but more usually translated "Horus the Elder". Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. The sites of the worship of Horus, as Wilkinson notes above, are too numerous to list but the major cult centers were Khem, in the Delta region, where Horus was hidden as a child, Pe, the site where Horus lost his eye in his battle with Set, and Behdet (both also in the Delta). He was sometimes believed to be both the father of himself as well as his own son, and some later accounts have Osiris being brought back to life by Isis.[32]. Horus. The name Horus is the Latin version of the Egyptian Hor which means "the Distant One", a reference to his role as a sky god. Known also as the Wadjet, this magical symbol is believed to provide protection, health, and rejuvenation. Pregnancy All Pregnancy Baby name finder with meanings Baby names 2019 Past years' top names Baby names 2017 Numerology Naming your baby Baby name ideas Popular baby names Famous names Religious names Your baby naming … Eye of Horus meaning: Horus’s left eye was related to the Moon, while his right eye was identified with the sun. Some, such as Dunanwi from Upper Egypt, appear early in history while others, like Montu, were popular later. In Egyptian mythology Horus was the god of light, often depicted as a man with the head of a falcon. Qebehsenuef - a hawk god who protected the intestines, represented the west, and was protected by Selket. When men and women were born from the tears of Atum (Ra) they were uncivilized and barbaric. Horus' early association with Dunanwi has been challenged by scholars but there is no doubt he was later combined with the god as Horus-Anubis. Egyptian tradition and archaeological evidence indicate that Egypt was united at the beginning of its history when an Upper Egyptian kingdom, in the south, conquered Lower Egypt in the north. Wilkinson notes that, "Horus was worshipped along with other deities in many Egyptian temples and imporant sites of his worship are known from one end of Egypt to the other" (203). The name Horus means God Of Light and is of Egyptian origin. He was often depicted as a sphinx with the head of a man (like the Great Sphinx of Giza), or as a hieracosphinx, a creature with a lion's body and a falcon's head and wings, sometimes with the head of a lion or ram (the latter providing a link to the god Khepri, the rising sun). The Eye of Horus is one of the best-known symbols of ancient Egypt. The concept of Horus as redeemer was well established in Egypt but this does not necessarily mean that concept was exclusive to him nor that there were not other `redeemers' in between the time of the popularity of Horus and the development of Christianity. - Her-sema-tawy ('Horus Uniter of the Two Lands'), the Greek Harsomptus, depicted like the double-crowned Horus. As a result, devotion to Horus spread throughout Egypt but in various locales the forms, traditions, and rituals honoring the god varied greatly" (116). It isn't about winning huge pots of cash - Find Your Lucky is about making the most of the wonderful blessings already surrounding you. Falcon cults, which were in evidence from late predynastic times, were widespread in Egypt. Horus Reliefby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA). Horus represented in relief with Wadjet and wearing the double crown. Horus - Detailed Meaning. Later, the reason that the Moon was not as bright as the Sun was explained by a tale, known as The Contendings of Horus and Seth. Gender of Horus. Isis used her magic and potions and, in some versions of the story, is aided in this by Nephthys. Higgins was an English magistrate who believed all religions came from the Lost City of Atlantis; Massey, a self-styled Egyptologist, was an English spiritualist who studied available inscriptions at the British Museum; Kuhn was a self-published author whose primary focus was promoting his Christ Myth Theory which was essentially just a re-write of the work done by Higgins and Massey. Ramesses II famously invokes the protection of Isis and Horus in his Poem of Pentaur following the Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BCE as do many other kings and pharaohs of Egypt. There are extreme highs in your nature when you are inspired, optimistic, kind, understanding, generous, and charming. The connection point between the Udjat and the Moon is due to a version of the myth that tells that the injured eye had to be healed and rebuilt by the god Thoth. In this version of the story, Horus brings a complaint against Set - who is one of the nine - claiming he has unlawfully taken the throne from Osiris - who is also one of the nine judges. His older brother Osiris was given the responsibility of governing the earth along with Isis while Horus was given charge of the sky and, specifically, the sun. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. But if you don't like Horus then please continue searching our site. Duamutef - a jackal god who protected the stomach, represented the east, and was protected by Neith. He absorbed a number of local gods including a hawk god Nekheny the nome of Nekhen and Wer (a god of light known as “the great one” whose eyes were the sun and moon) to become the patron of Nekhen (Hierakonpolis), the first national god ("God of the Kingdom") and later the patron god of the pharaohs. This ceremony, like other royal festivals, had to do with empowerment of the king and rejuvenation of his reign but was not as important as the Heb Sed Festival. You have it already - find is in your body. Meaning of Horus name, its origin, religion. Different forms of Horus are recorded in history and these are treated as distinct gods by Egyptologists. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. "Horus." Horus also, through his Four Sons, watched over and was a friend to the dead but was primarily a god of the living. The reflecting pool of the temple was Lily Lake (also known as The Lake of Flowers) which the souls of the justified dead were rowed across by the divine ferryman Hraf-hef (`He-Who-Looks-Behind-Himself'). [16] The Wedjat "was intended to protect the king [here] in the afterlife"[16] and to ward off evil. Horus was born to the goddess Isis after she retrieved all the dismembered body parts of her murdered husband Osiris, except his penis, which was thrown into the Nile and eaten by a catfish,[8][9] or sometimes depicted as instead by a crab, and according to Plutarch's account used her magic powers to resurrect Osiris and fashion a phallus[10] to conceive her son (older Egyptian accounts have the penis of Osiris surviving). After becoming pregnant with Horus, Isis fled to the Nile Delta marshlands to hide from her brother Set, who jealously killed Osiris and who she knew would want to kill their son. Horus is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for boys. [13][14] It was the eye of one of the earliest of Egyptian deities, Wadjet, who later became associated with Bastet, Mut, and Hathor as well. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. This evidence has prompted conjecture that the Second Dynasty saw a clash between the followers of the Horus king and the worshippers of Set led by Seth-Peribsen. Imsety - a god in human form who protected the liver, represented the south, and was protected by Isis. The temple was the afterlife palace and home of the god and the courtyard, decorated with flowers, was his garden. In this peaceable union, Horus and Set are reconciled, and the dualities that they represent have been resolved into a united whole. We estimate that there are at least 4100 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.001% of the population. Mark, Joshua J. By identifying Horus as the offspring of these forces, then identifying him with Atum himself, and finally identifying the Pharaoh with Horus, the Pharaoh theologically had dominion over all the world. [25], Egyptologists have often tried to connect the conflict between the two gods with political events early in Egypt's history or prehistory. 16 names similar to Horus These 16 names were selected by our users that were looking for other names like Horus. In Egyptian mythology Horus was the god of light, often depicted as a man with the head of a falcon. Horus is mostly a general term for a great number of falcon deities" (2). The Eye of Horus – Origins of the Name. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The clergy of the Horus Cult were always male as they associated themselves with Horus and claimed protection from their `mother' Isis. The Four Sons of Horus were: These organs were held in canopic jars which sometimes had the head of the protector-god as the lid handle. Her name stems from ‘wadj’, the word for ‘green’ and she was called ‘the green one’. The cases in which the combatants divide the kingdom, and the frequent association of the paired Horus and Set with the union of Upper and Lower Egypt, suggest that the two deities represent some kind of division within the country. This claim, which is quite obviously false to anyone who knows the stories of the two figures, has become the best known of the book. Further, Egyptian religious beliefs would have rejected any such concept as a dead person returning to life on earth. When Isis came back she was horrified to find her husband's body missing. His penis had been eaten by a fish and so he was incomplete but Isis could still return him to life. In addition, he usually wears the united crowns of Egypt, the crown of Upper Egypt and the crown of Lower Egypt. Horus name meaning. The winged sun of Horus of Edfu and depicted on the top of pylons in the ancient temples throughout Egypt. You are a lover of nature and do not need others for your happiness. The name Horus is of Egyptian and Greek origin. Horus or Her, Heru, Hor, Har in Ancient Egyptian, is one of the most significant ancient Egyptian deities who served many functions, most notably god of kingship and the sky. His name was written with the sign of the sun (Râ) and the sign of a basket (néb). All of Harpur's further claims are equally untenable owing to extremely poor scholarship and a reliance on sources which are not credible. Statues of Horus the Child from the Ptolemaic period show him as a young boy with his finger to his lips perhaps representing the time when he had to remain quiet when hiding from his uncle Set as a child. Want the secret to being lucky? Meanwhile, the land is suffering under Set's rule and Isis is desperate to do something to help her son and her people. It was believed that he was the inspiration for the Great Sphinx of Giza, constructed under the order of Khafre, whose head it depicts. General term for a great number of falcon deities '' ( wɟt ) in horus name meaning... A local god of light, often depicted as a dead person to... Ruled over a paradise they created wholly from Egyptian origin in front of Set 's boat, being made wood. Of pylons in the form of new pharaohs. [ 5 ] her story and declares this... Her in the ancient temples throughout horus name meaning powerful city in the dictionary can be traced back to Egypt organizational. 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