By climatic regions, Nigeria can be divided by 3 regions – the far south, far north, and the rest of the country. Climatic Zone Komolafe (1988) and Godwin (1988) proposed four climatic zones for building design in Nigeria. While the coastal zone receives rainfall most of the year, in other zones it is seasonal with distinct dry and wet seasons. A survey was conducted in farmers’ fields in Nigeria during the 1990 cropping season to determine the prevalence of sorghum diseases in the four major sorghum‐growing climatic zones (Sahel, Sudan, northern Guinea, and southern Guinea). Although knowledge of how best to do adaptation is still in its infancy, the Parties of the UNFCCC are increasing their support for action on adaptation. The most significant climatic change that has occurred has been a long-term reduction in rainfall in … 8 ABBREVIATIONS APESS - Association pour la promotion de l’Élevage au Sahel et en Savane “The climate is semi-arid and arid in the north. IPCC (2007) proposed a statistical approach to climate and climate change studies and this forms the focal point of this study as an attempt was made to study rainfall distribution over Nigeria. This comes in an era in which Africa’s coastline population will be at risk from sea level rise and coastal flooding over the coming decades. The data for this study were sourced from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), Gombe State Agricultural Development Program (GSADP), and Upper Benue River Basin Development Authority (UBRBDA). Poor responses to these, in turn, open the door to conflict. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Afghanistan I, II II Kampuchea IV IV Algeria II, III II (a) Kazakstan I, II II Angola II, IV II Kenya II, IV IV ... Costa IV IV Nigeria IV IV Cuba IV IV Oman IV IV Dominican Republic IV IV Pakistan II, III, IV IV Dutch Antilles IV IV Panama IV IV ... ones classification.pdf According to the Koppen climate classification , Nigeria has four climatic zones: the warm desert climate in the northeast, the warm semiarid climate in the other parts of the north, the monsoon climate in the Niger-Delta, and the tropical savannah climate in the middle belt and parts of the southwest. 3. [citation needed] Nigeria is made up of approximately 400 ethnic groups and 450 languages. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. (1977) recognises two climatic zones in Nigeria, the Northern zone and the Southern zone (Table 2), though a transitional zone is also mentioned. climatic data and reported cases of malaria spanning a period of eight years (2001 to 2008) from two ecological zones in Ghana (Ejura and Winneba in the transition and coastal savannah zones respectively), to determine the association between malaria cases, temperature and rainfall patterns and the potential climatic variation parameters for Nigeria. Field verification of the map along major transects (such as roads) will enable the user to make an independent judgement about the precision of the maps. Agro-ecalogical zoning (AEZ), as applied in FAO studies, defines zones on the basis of combinations of soil, landform and climatic characteristics. (2) 1.2 Africa is the only continent that can be regarded as “a mirror image of each hemisphere” with regards to climate zones. There are over 4,600 plant species identified in Nigeria… Fig. (2016, 2017a) considered 21 stations distributed across all the climatic zones in Nigeria, but these studies are limited to trends in extreme temperature indices. While the far north has desert-like weather and rain is less than 20 inches a year. according to altitudinal zones. 2 x 2 (4) 1.3 Refer to the climatic graphs (Figures B to K). climatic zones in Nigeria. responses to climatic shifts create shortages of resources such as land and water. Nigeria has a great diversity in climatic zones. Results show common change points and transitions from dry to wet (upward The selected locations considered within major Nigerian climatic zones are Ibadan in the South West, Jos in the middle belt and Maiduguri in the North East. Droughts occur in all climatic zones. The data were The particu- lar parameters used in the definition focus attention on the climatic and edaphic requirements of crops and on the management systems under which the crops are grown. Figure 5: Eco-climatic zones in Mali and area of the Inner Niger Delta Figure 6: Map of Mauritania Figure 7: Map of Niger Figure 8: The main eco-climatic zones in Niger Figure 9: Map of Nigeria . Polynomials were developed to represent the predicted climatic variation parameters of some parts of Nigeria, as case study. A database of the projected climatic variation parameters of all Local Government Areas in Nigeria was developed. Reason for the Zones. Research Article Analysis of Global Solar Irradiance over Climatic Zones in Nigeria for Solar Energy Applications AdekunleAyodotunOsinowo, 1 EmmanuelChilekwuOkogbue, 2 StephenBunmiOgungbenro, 2 andOlugbengaFashanu 3 Department of Marine Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, PMB , Akure , Nigeria 3. Using frequently travelled routes, the feasibility of the mapped agroecological belts as major agroecological zones (MAZ) can easily be demonstrated. A further limitation of their studies is that only trends in percentile‐based threshold and absolute extreme temperature indices were analysed. Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. Sub humid zones make up 40% of the landmass; these areas are the Guinea savannah zones. Prove or disprove this statement. Traditionally, data used in vegetation The far south features a tropical rainforest climate with yearly rainfall of 60-80 inches a year. Email: iegbode@futa.edu.ng The study presents observed changes in climate extremes using daily precipitation and temperature data over 24 stations, covering the three climatic zones (Guinea coast, Savannah and Sahel) of Nigeria for the period 1971–2013. and biodiversity and coastal zones. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Rainfall distribution and change detection across climatic zones in Nigeria 1.1 What characteristics do we use to differentiate between one climatic zone and another? The study found that the moist south-westerly wind from the Atlantic Ocean which brings moisture into Nigeria reduces as it advances northward. Remote Sensing and Vegetation Mapping Different methods are used for collecting land use and land cover information which can be used for vegetation mapping depending on the degree of detail required for the specific project (Leak and Venugopal, 1990). The cooling load results obtained for the two different orienta- tions are as follows; 151.45 kW and 163.17 kW for Ibadan, Maiduguri: 164 kW and 175.78 kW, and 131.77 kW, 143.4 kW for Jos. Chapter IV looks at the current and future impacts and vulnerabilities across these sectors in developing countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, storm surge zones are concentrated in four nations including Nigeria where half of the region’s surge zones resulting from sea level rise and violent storms originate. • Drawing lines of causation between climate change and conflict in specific areas of Nigeria Express Way, Akure, Ondo, Nigeria. Table 1 shows the climatic zones and names of some representative towns in the zones. However, its characteristics vary significantly from one region to anoth-er. Nigeria is situated in four different climate zones. Associated with the varied zones is an array of plant and animal species. It has a total area of 923.77km2 and land mass coverage of 910.77km2.The synoptic stations chosen in this study takes into account the major climatic zones in the country. In spite of fast population growth and expansion of urban area, travelers still have an opportunity to experience different types of forests. 1: 1979 Vegetation Map of Nigeria. Methodology. The six zones was not entirely carved out based on geographic location, but rather states with similar ethnic groups, and/or common political history were classified in the same zone. Birni-N'Konni is 51 miles from Sokoto, so the actual climate in Sokoto can vary a bit. Moreover, each category is a unique ecosystem with its peculiar rules, wildlife, and huge natural potential. Extreme analyses by Abatan et al. A closer look at this method however revealed that the NUC based the division of the country into climatic design zones on the Atkinson system Drought is a recurrent phenomenon in northern Nigeria and its vagaries affect the fortune of the predomi-nantly farming population. climatic zones in northern Nigeria. If the rainfall is inadequate or … Shortages are followed by negative secondary impacts, such as more sickness, hunger, and jobless - ness. The country has eight agro-ecological According to the ICH guidelines for stability studies, the climate of the world is divided into five different zones. Statistical methods were utilized to justify any change in the average monthly and annual rainfall trend using probability density function and non-parametric tests such as the Pettitt test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and paired sample test. 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