Mythical creatures were also popular choices—dragons were frequently painted onto men’s fans while ladies typically preferred phoenixes. Unlike the Western calendar, the Chinese … The popularity of these fans continued until the Song Dynasty (960 – 1279 CE). They were usually made with fine paper mounted on bamboo. Favored by young women in the imperial palace, the silk fans were round to resemble the moon and are often called “round fans” or tuánshàn. The rigid fan has a handle or stick with a rigid leaf, or mount. Later, this moon-shaped fan took on many other forms, including flat ovals and even the shape of a Chinese plum flower or sunflower. Check out the exclusive rewards, here. Find out how by becoming a Patron. The history of Chinese fan can be dated to over 3,000 years ago. A Chinese feather fan. In the first Chinese dictionary, complied in the 2nd Century AD, the fan is also interpreted as a door panel that hung from the ceiling. Originally, Chinese fan is not used for relieving summer heat, but for symbolizing the status and power of the user. Later, this moon-shaped fan took on many other shapes, such as oval flat round, or sometimes the shape of Chinese plum flower or sunflower. A Look at the History of Creating Art in Multiples, 10 of Art History’s Most Horrifying Masterpieces, 7 Joan Miró Artworks That Are Abstract Visualizations of What Was Inside His Mind. Celebrating creativity and promoting a positive culture by spotlighting the best sides of humanity—from the lighthearted and fun to the thought-provoking and enlightening. When talking about fans today, we usually refer to the exquisite folding fan, which is said to be introduced to China from Japan during the late Song Dynasty. Screen fans are mentioned as being in use in China about the same date that Rameses III was reigning in Egypt, and, as in Egypt, they were carried as standards in war. Photo: Wikimedia Commons (CC0 1.0). And the different sizes of folding fans are classified by the number of ribs the fan has, usually seven, nine, 12, 14, 16 or 18. Later this Shanhan became a long-handled fan made of thin and tough silk or birds’ feathers, called a zhangshan fan, which was mainly used by the emperor’s honour guard as decoration. The folding fan is also known as the "head-gathering" style of fan because its ends meet together when folded. As far back as in the Shang Dynasty, the embryonic form of Chinese fan has already taken shape. These particular fans remained popular in ancient China for almost 1,000 years, and they are still considered an important art form of Chinese culture today. It wasn’t until the Zhou Dynasty, more than 2,000 years ago, that people started using folding fans to cool down. Thi… Yet, around the same time, a new type of silk fan was also introduced. & Trade, Culture Photo: Wikimedia Commons (CC0 1.0). These were tied to a horse-drawn carriage and used to block the heat of the sun and shelter passengers from the rain (much like today’s umbrella). History of Chinese Fan In civilized societies, the Chinese fan was initially a symbol of authority and power, made from reed, and was used in the guard of honour for the emperors. Types of Chinese Fans But the heyday of the handheld fan was China’s Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644), when exquisitely painted fans were all the rage. Sometimes the best way to understand a craft is to have … Bamboo has hollow air pockets, which inflate and burst with a big sound when subjected to heat. Recently, an exhibition of Chinese fans was opened at the Hongbaotang Gallery, located on Antiques Street in Beijing. From empresses to the poorest villagers, fans have been part of Chinese culture for thousands of years. during the Shang Dynasty. In Japan the fan is thought to be modeled after the folding wings of a bat, while the Chinese believe the sight of a woman fanning her face mask at a festival led to the tool's creation. Photo: Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0). A folding fan made from gold paper. The history of Chinese fan can be dated to over 3,000 years ago, around the Shang Dynasty (C.16th-11th BC). Some historians believe that it was actually the Japanese who designed the folding fan after being inspired by bat wings. Tradition has it, folded fans were introduced to China from Japan and Korea about 1,000 years ago. In fact, the fan was not used to help cool people until the Zhou Dynasty, more than 2,000 years ago. Compared to other types of fans, the folding fans more like a piece of handicraft. As the main surface of the fan, this part provided a canvas for craftspeople and artists to add calligraphy and painted scenes. Colourful feathers were used for fans in the third quarter of the 19th century. Then in the Sui and Tang Dynasty,the feather fan and round silk fan were born. The traditional Chinese fan dance has been a part of Chinese culture for over 2,000 years. The ribs of folding fans were made from valuable materials, such as hawks-bill turtle, ox horn, ebony, mottled bamboo, elephant trunk, and jadeite, carved into different shapes, for example a grasshopper’s legs. Over the years, the clever Chinese people made fans from all kinds of materials including straw and wood. The Japanese invented folding fans in the eighth century, possibly inspired by the way bats fold their wings. Disney's 'Mulan' criticized by Chinese viewers for depicting culture, history in an inauthentic way The movie was rated 4.9 out of 10 by more than 165,000 people Read on to learn the history of this handy device. Beautiful scenes of mountains and waters or flowers were also embroidered on the face of a moon-shaped fan. Fan in Chinese culture is an art work combined the Chinese calligraphy, paintings or poems rather than a daily tool. Most who take in a fan dance performance are viewing the civilian form. From the Song Dynasty on, fan painting became an independent art form. Where to Make Japanese Fans Yourself. History While archaeologists have found pottery depicting Chinese folk dances dating from about 4000 to 2000 BC, the fan dance is believed to have begun during the Han dynasty. The Shanhan was a bit like today’s umbrella. Other functions of the fan remain. The earliest evidence of the fan in Japan was discovered in the wall paintings of a burial mound dating from the 6th century AD in Fukuoka. The invention was later introduced to the Chinese and soon became an integral fashion accessory to both the wealthy and working class. The fan was popularized during the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220) when the simple bamboo fan and the cattail-leaf fan were invented. 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